When you see at night
sky, only a tiny fraction of the stars in the room see. Our limited vision is partly due to light pollution, partly due to our position in the galaxy and the distorting effects of our atmosphere on the light that outshines them, also due to the fact that some of these stars are so far away their light is always shining still his way to us.
But if you can get a look out of space, you can see sights that are really out of this world. Thanks to the Hubble Space Telescope (HST), which emerged from a partnership between Europe's ESA and NASA's NASA, we can see on Earth the spectacular sights of outer space regions that are light-years away. Although other space telescopes have been launched, the HST is considered the most important and useful for image capture.
The Edwin Hubble HST, named after the American astronomer, was launched into orbit 600 kilometers above Earth on April 24, 1
We now have a collection of really amazing pictures taken by the HST over the past 29 years. For this article we are limited to 10. But if you want to see more, you can look forward to the spectacular images collected on the Space Telescope site.
You can also follow the HST on Twitter, Instagram and Facebook.
. 1 Before and After
The launch of the HST was a bit bumpy, as a design flaw that blurred image capture was discovered after the telescope was launched. A repair team was sent to fix the problem, and the results have been greatly improved, as you can see from these two photos.
One is an image of galaxy M100 taken with [1965901andtheothershowingthesameviewaccordingto The first Hubble maintenance mission in late 1993. The camera used for the enhanced view is the second-generation wide-field and planetary camera (WFPC-2)
Finding a more dramatic contrast from the third-generation camera Here in the GIF Hubble site. On the 25th anniversary of NASA's first astronaut mission to service the Hubble Space Telescope. It shows the blurred image taken in 1993 with Hubble's Wide Field / Planetary Camera 1, in contrast to the image taken in 2009 with the Wide Field Camera 3 instrument, as the telescope had to be rebuilt.
Another video of the galaxy with great clarity is this:
One of this frame NASA astronomy image of the day on December 25, 2018. It described it this way:
2. Another famous feature of space captured by the HST
The Eagle Nebula, also known as "Pillars of Creation" in Messier 16 (M16) received pre- and post-treatment with truly stunning results.  Comparison view of "width =" 670 "height =" 260 "nopin =" nopin "/>
The original photograph from 1995 revealed a new level of detail for three huge gas columns. This image proved so popular that it was used on shirts, pillows, stamps and was shown both on television and in the movie.
After 25 years, astronomers decided they could do even better.
Paul Scowen of Arizona State University was quoted in Space.com and said: "We can show how far Hubble has come in 25 years of observation."
As you can see in the video The original image from 1995 showed the shape, but was rather blurry. However, with the latest version of the camera on the HST also infrared light appears through the "pillars", which are no longer opaque in the picture.
3. Globular clusters present a dazzling light display and valuable information about stars and the universe.
The HST took this amazing picture of Messier 3 in April 2019. As described on the NASA website, this is the image of an "8 billion year-old cosmic bauble. "Not only is it the largest globular cluster known to us, but Messier 3 is also unique in having" stars that vary in brightness over time. "Among them, some that have classified astronomers that they can serve" as standard candles – objects of known luminosity, whose distance and position can be used to help us understand more about wide celestial paths and the scale of the cosmos "
4 The 29th anniversary of the HST was the occasion for a series of dramatic captures.
Among them is the Tentacle Southern Crab Nebula Hubble's official name is Hen 2-104, it is thousands of light-years from Earth in the southern hemisphere constellation of Centaurus.
It gets its hourglass shape from a binary system v on "an aging giant red giant star and a burned-out star, a white dwarf." As the red giant loses outward sections, some are pulled over to the white dwarf, and that explains the visible gas disk between the two.
This nebula has a certain history. It was spotted for the first time in the late '60s, though it was considered a star at the time. It was not until 1989 that the crab form was recognized on a photograph taken at the La Silla Observatory of the European Southern Observatory in Chile.
5. Saving Drama
This photo was taken on February 8, 2004 with the HST Advanced Camera for Surveys. It shows what the Hubble site describes as an "expanding halo around a distant star called the V838 Monocerotis (V838 Mon)".
What lights up the dust between the stars is a red supernova. The picture captures a really far away view from the ends of the Milky Way, some 20,000 light years away from our own planet in the cons Monoceros.
6. The Lagoon Nebula
This colorful image was taken in April 2018 and marks the 28th anniversary of the HST.
In the center of the photo, a young monster star that is 200,000 times brighter than our Sun shines with strong ultraviolet radiation and hurricanes. Like star winds, they carve out a fantasy landscape of ridges , Cavities and mountains of gas and dust. "
About this video you can zoom in directly into the nucleus of this nebula:
7. The Sombrero Galaxy
The images of this galaxy were released on October 2, 2003. As the Hubble site explains, it was 5 years after they were recorded. The images had to be merged:
"This magnificent galaxy, one of the largest ever assembled Hubble mosaics, has a diameter that is nearly one-fifth the diameter of the full moon." The team used Hubble's Advanced Camera for Surveys Galaxies have been put together to get the final composite image. "
The video has been published on the Hubble Web site with the following description:" The hallmark of the Sombrero Galaxy is a bright white, bulbous core surrounded by It is located "on the southern edge of the rich Virgo galaxy cluster and is one of the most massive objects in this group."
Space.com explains: " The Sombrero (M104 ) looks like a traditional Mexican hat because we see its dusty disk only 6 ° north of the galaxy's equator. "
8. Another mosaic image of the HST is the Crab Nebula M1.
As described on the Hubble website, this is a "six-light-year expanding remnant of a star's supernova explosion" of various elements.
" The orange filaments are the shredded remnants of the star and consist mainly of hydrogen," he explains. " The blue light of electrons comes swirling at near-light speed around magnetic field lines out of the neutron star" this is the super-dense core of a star that stays in place after it has gone supernova.
There is a lot of activity around this neutron star. It emits " double beams, which appear to pulsate 30 times per second due to the rotation of the neutron star."
This sight has a very long history in astronomical observations: "Japanese and Chinese astronomers recorded this violent event almost 1000 years ago, in 1054, as well as almost certainly the Native Americans."
9.. Another colorful post-supernova scene
NASA posted this image on November 30, 2018, with this description: "The dark tangle is an object named SNR 0454-67.2 It is in a very violent Fashion made -. it is a supernova remnant that has arisen after a massive star has ended its life by a catastrophic explosion and thrown its material into the surrounding space.
It is located in The Great Magellanic Cloud, " a dwarf galaxy" that lies near our own Milky Way galaxy
10. Last but not least: the Hubble Legacy Field Crop
This image was only released on May 2, 2019. What at first glance looks like a look into space is really a lot more … They have belong to a picture worth a thousand words, well, this is worth 16 years of images and billions of years of the universe's existence!
NASA describes it as Deep -Sky The mosaic, which is made up of nearly 7,500 individual shots, provides a broad portrait of the distant universe with 265,000 galaxies spanning 13.3 billion years to just 500 million years after the Big Bang. "
Garth Illingworth from the University of C alifornia, Santa Cruz, head of the team that composed the picture said, "T his only picture contains the full story of the growth of galaxies in the universe, from their time as & # 39; Infants until they grew up.
NASA further states, " Combined this ambitious Hubble Legacy Field venture, also known as Hubble Legacy Field Observations of several Hubble depth field examinations, including the eXtreme Deep Field (XDF), the deepest view of the universe. The wavelength range extends from ultraviolet to near-infrared light and captures the key features of the assembly of galaxies over time. "
You may be wondering why there's no picture of a black hole in it, but getting a black hole in the camera is actually not that easy, but now there is a rendered image of what you read here: image of a black hole Revealed for the first time ever