Avocados are pear-shaped fruits that grow on tropical evergreen trees.
They generally have a rough, green outer skin, a buttery flesh, and large seeds in the middle.
They come in many shapes, sizes and colors. Their taste is often described as slightly nutty and creamy.
Although you may only be familiar with a few types of avocados, hundreds of varieties are grown worldwide – 56 of which grow in Florida alone. Many are hybrids, which means that they are the result of two varieties that have been bred to a new one (1).
This article describes 15 common avocado types, including their benefits and differences.
Avocados are very nutritious, they are great sources of folic acid, potassium and healthy fats as well as vitamins K, C and E. They also contain low levels of B vitamins and minerals like copper , Phosphorus, magnesium, manganese, iron and zinc (2,
The monounsaturated fats in avocados – most of which are oleic acid – are good for your heart, have anti-inflammatory effects and may have anti-cancer properties Eating avocados can also help you absorb other fat-soluble nutrients better (1,
In addition, avocados are full of fiber, an important nutrient which is missing in most western diets.Some studies have show that people who eat avocados weigh less, which may be due to the high content of fiber and healthy fat as well as the low glycemic index of the fruit (
Avocados also contain antioxidants that are good for the eyes and brain, such as lutein and zeaxanthin. These antioxidants can lower your risk of age-related macular degeneration (AMD), cataracts, and neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease
] Summary Avocados are very nutritious fruits that contain many vitamins, minerals and unsaturated fatty acids fats, fiber and antioxidants that can help prevent disease and improve your health.
While you may have few in your local grocery store Seeing species of avocados, hundreds of varieties grow worldwide – although there are many hybrids gi bt, all avocados can be traced back to Guatemalan, Mexican or West Indian origin (1,
The fruits are categorized as either A type or B varieties. The difference lies in the opening times and the pollination behavior of the avocado tree blossoms. The variety has little impact on consumers and is of more importance to those who grow avocados.
Avocados partially pollinate themselves through a process known as dichogamy. A flowers bloom in the morning as females and throw off pollen in the afternoon as a male. In contrast, B-flowers receive pollen in the afternoon and leave in the morning (15).
Many varieties have similar characteristics with slight differences in size, color, taste, shape and main growing season.
In the US, avocados from California (Hass variety) are smaller with a pebbly skin, while those from Florida are larger and smoother (16).
Here are 15 of the most common avocado species.
] Varieties of the type A
Although there are many other varieties, some of the better-known avocados of the type A are listed below:
- Choquette. The Choquette has a smooth, shiny skin with watery flesh that often comes out when cutting the fruit. This variety is native to South Florida.
- Lula. The summit of Lula has fewer natural oils in summer and contains more water than many other varieties. It is resistant to cold but very prone to fungi. The Lula gets about 450 grams heavy.
- hatred. The hate is the most popular strain. It is available all year round and has a buttery, nutty flavor and a spherical shape. Its skin turns from a vigorous green to a dark purple black during maturity.
- reeds. The reed is only available during the summer months. It has a lighter, more subtle flavor and is about the size of a softball. When the reed ripens, its skin remains in the same green color as other species.
- Pinkerton. The Pinkerton has an elongated shape, a rough skin that peels easily, and a small seed in a creamy flesh. This type grows to 225-680 grams.
- Gwen. The Gwen is similar in taste and appearance to the hate avocado. This is a larger Guatemalan variety with a thick, dark green skin that is easy to remove.
- Maluma. Maluma is a dark purple avocado discovered in South Africa in the 1990s. This variety grows slowly, but the trees carry a lot of fruit.
Type B varieties
Some avocados of Type B varieties are:
- Ettinger. The Ettinger is most commonly grown in Israel and has a light green skin, large seeds and a mild taste.
- Sharwil. The Sharwil is an Australian avocado with a rough, green skin and yellow flesh. It is very oily, has a strong taste and is prone to frost.
- Zutano. The Zutano is covered with a lighter, yellow-green skin and has a mild taste, which is different from many other buttery varieties. It usually grows to about 225-450 grams.
- Brogden. The Brogden Avocado is a dark purple hybrid of West Indian and Mexican varieties. Although it is very resistant to cold, it is hard to peel and therefore not a popular commercial strain.
- Fuerte. The Fuerte has a pronounced pear shape and is available eight months a year. Its name means "strong" in Spanish and it has an oily texture that resembles that of a hazelnut.
- Cleopatra. The Cleopatra is a small dwarf avocado that is relatively new to the consumer market.
- Bacon. The bacon has a lighter taste than other varieties. The light brown skin is easy to peel.
- Monroe. The Monroe is a large avocado that can weigh over 910 grams. It is a firmer variety with less watery pulp.
Summary Hundreds of varieties of avocados grow all over the world, including many hybrids. Avocados are usually classified as A or B varieties because of their pollination and flowering behavior.
In terms of nutrition, avocados are generally very similar regardless of variety. All avocados are high in calories and rich in healthy fats, vitamins and minerals.
Florida avocados are sometimes called "lite" because of their lower fat content compared to the popular hate avocado is small.
Overall, avocados are very nutritious and all types offer similar health benefits.
Summary Most avocados differ only slightly in their nutritional composition, as they are all high in calories and rich in healthy fats and have various vitamins and minerals.
Avocados are very nutritious fruits that offer many benefits.
They are rich in vitamins and minerals as well as antioxidants, unsaturated fats and fiber that can reduce your risk for various chronic diseases and improve your health.
Although only one or two varieties are best known, there are hundreds of species worldwide that differ mainly in size, color, shape, texture and taste.  The most popular and widely used type of avocado is hate. However, if you find another variety, it probably has a similar nutrient composition.
Avocados are definitely an excellent addition to a healthy, balanced diet.