Two cases of measles have been confirmed in a recently-visited Sacramento County family, public health officials in Sacramento County confirmed Tuesday. District officials said there was minimal exposure to the public and all potentially exposed people were informed. These are the first confirmed measles cases of the Sacramento residents for the period 2018-2019, district officials said KCRA with measles in California this year, according to the State Department of Public Health and the local health authorities. In Shasta County, health officials said on Tuesday that an infant was diagnosed with measles. More about measlesThe disease is on the rise, doctors say, across the country: "More cases have been reported in the US this year than in 201
Two measles cases were confirmed in a recently-visited Sacramento County family, public health officials in Sacramento County confirmed Tuesday.
District officials said there was minimal exposure to the public and all potentially exposed people were notified.
These are the first confirmed cases of measles in Sacramento that were residents of the Sacramento district for 2018-2019, district officials at KCRA said, according to the State Department of Public Health, and local health officials said it was in California at least this year 30 cases of measles.
In Shasta County, health officials said on Tuesday that measles had been diagnosed in an infant.
More about measles
According to doctors, the disease is increasing throughout the country.
"More cases were reported in the US this year than in 2018," said Dr Dean Blumberg, pediatric infectious disease director at the University of California, Davis Medical Center. "And the summer travel season is still pending."
We asked Blumberg what you need to know about the virus infection.
Q: What are the symptoms?
Blumberg: The difficult thing about measles is that it starts with fever, coughing, runny nose and itchy eyes when catching. You can see this in a variety of common community-acquired viral infections. It is not really specific to measles. If it develops, you get a rash. The rash is quite pronounced. It starts on the head and face and then moves down the body.
Q: How does measles spread?
Blumberg : Measles are so contagious. It is transmitted via the flight route and can hang in the air for up to two hours after leaving the patient. You do not need personal contact.
Q: How long does it take for symptoms to occur?
Blumberg : Most cases of measles occur between eight and twelve days, but within one exposure they can occur up to three weeks later.
Q: How effective is measles vaccine? Blumberg : The measles vaccine is one of the most effective vaccines we have. One dose provides 97 percent protection against measles, and two cans bring you to 99 percent.
Q: Can you get a vaccine even after exposure?
Blumberg : It is never too late to vaccinate. People can be vaccinated later in life. They can even be vaccinated after exposure. It offers some protection. So, if people are lagging or delaying their vaccines, we recommend updating them.