The investigators identified four individuals who believed they were responsible for the missile attack that hit Malaysia Airlines MH17 flight over eastern Ukraine in 2014.
At a press conference on Wednesday, an international joint investigation team reported that they were being charged in the Netherlands.
This is the latest in a criminal investigation that revealed in 2016 that the aircraft was shot down by a Russian-made rocket launcher of the Cold War from an area of Ukraine that was then controlled by Russian forces. The president 's spokesman, Dmitry Peskov, appeared to reject the results of the investigation prior to her release.
"Russia had no opportunity to attend [the investigation] although from the beginning, from the first days after this tragedy on, the initiative, tried to become part of this investigation of this monstrous catastrophe," he told the Russian news agency Tass. "Therefore, our attitude to this investigation is well known."
Fred Westerbeke, of Attorney General, said at a press conference, "We have decided to bring four suspects for the crash MH17 to justice. This is the beginning of the Dutch criminal case.
"This plane … with its 298 passengers landed nearly five years ago in an area in eastern Ukraine where an armed conflict was taking place. This conflict continues today, turning a war zone into a crime scene. "
The four suspects include three Russian nationals – Igor Girkin, Sergey Dubinskiy and Oleg Pulatov – as well as the Ukrainian Leonid Kharchenko.
A video that was played at the press conference Said that the Russian suspects had previously held senior positions in the Russian military and security services.
Girkin was a former investigator colonel of the FSB, Russia's security service, and was employed by the GRU, the Russian military intelligence service Pulatov is a former soldier of the Military Intelligence Service of the GRU.
Investigators believe that the suspects were active in Russia the so-called Donetsk People's Republic and the Luhansk People's Republic, a region of Ukraine controlled by Russian fighters – same area from which the Joint Investigation Group believes the rocket bombs At Treff he MH17 was fired.
There was a direct link between these militia fighters and Moscow, according to the investigative allegation that gave them access to military equipment.
The event took place in the Netherlands where the investigation was conducted – 196 Dutch nationals were aboard the flight which started from Amsterdam to Kuala Lumpur. The families of those killed were previously given private information.
The Dutch National Police stated that "the purpose of the criminal investigation is to find the truth, establish the facts, identify those responsible for the crash, and collect offenders for evidence of criminal prosecution."
The Investigation Team is made up of experts from Australia, Belgium, Malaysia and the Ukraine.
Russia previously criticized the investigator's decision not to include Moscow in the investigation, and dismissed his findings as "biased and politically motivated."
A private briefing for relatives of those killed will take place on Wednesday before the evidence is released
International lawyers have expressed doubts as to whether those responsible for the attack will ever do so.
The incident already exacerbated tensions between Moscow and the West as the European Union built the economy Russia in the aftermath of the attack, also against members of the inner circle of President Vladimir Putin.
Russia was already faced with condemnation and restrictive sanctions for the annexation of Crimea and the support of separatists in eastern Ukraine in 2014.