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Home / Entertainment / & # 39; # 39 & Watchmen; opened its series premiere with the Tulsa Race Massacre

& # 39; # 39 & Watchmen; opened its series premiere with the Tulsa Race Massacre



There were prayer vigils in black churches, and within a week, first-degree manslaughter charges were brought against the policeman who shot him.

But the incident also brought new light into a dark moment in American history that was mostly forgotten – or never experienced.

Almost a century ago, the streets where demonstrators sang against the police marched in September killing unarmed black men in America, hundreds of African Americans died on just one dreadful day.

It is known as Tulsa Race Riot of 1921. But it does not look like the granddaughter of one of the survivors.

& # 39; It was really a massacre & # 39;

"It was really murder It was a massacre," said Joi McCondishie. Her grandmother survived the ordeal. Hundreds of others did not.

"A type of confrontation between blacks and whites was inevitable because of the racial climate of the time, because the Ku Klux Klan was present in almost all areas of our society," said Mechelle Brown.

Brown is Program Director of the Greenwood Cultural Center, which collects and retains memories, photos, and memorabilia from Tulsa in 1

921.

Tulsa also had something special that did not exist in much of the country in the 1920s. African Americans called it "Black Wall Street."

Tulsa's separate state of Greenwood was home to black millionaires, a bunch of black business owners, doctors, pharmacists and even a pilot who owned his own private plane.

Black Wall Street had 300 residents

There were more than 300 black-owned companies on Black Wall Street, including two theaters.

Black success, Brown said, was the cause of the town's turmoil, causing "envy and anger among whites who commented:" How can these Negroes dare to have a grand piano in their house? " and I did not do a piano in my house, "she said.

Not everyone was fine – but Tulsa quickly became known as a place for black people to make a living. What they did not know was that by the end of the night on June 1, 1921, their neighborhood would be decimated.

Historians say the spark was an encounter between a 17-year-old white girl named Sarah Page and a 19-year-old black man named Dick Rowland.

"Dick Rowland worked as a shoeshine in downtown Tulsa," Brown said.

There was good money to make because of the rich white oilmen who had money to throw around. It was the end of May.

Charges levied after a lift incident

According to Brown, Rowland was given permission to go to the white Drexel building to fetch water and use the toilet when it was overheated

  Who is responsible for repairing race relations in America?

Sarah Page worked in this building as a lift operator. The two saw each other almost daily as Rowland used the elevator operated by Page. On this day the ride did not end as quietly as before.

"That day, after the elevator doors closed and Sarah Page and Dick Rowland sat alone in the elevator for a few moments, there was a scream.

The elevator doors opened, Roland ran and was later arrested, and Sarah Page claimed that she had been attacked, Brown said, while other historical reports said Rowland had stumbled on leaving the elevator, grabbed Page on the arm, shouted and a spectator had gone to the authorities.

Seventeen-year-old Sarah Page has never filed charges, but the authorities have filed charges and the damage was done.At the end of the day, the rumors had claimed Page had been raped.

Angry crowd demanded lynching

Largely inaccurate Press reports in turmoil: Photos show a large number of white residents who had gathered at the courthouse and had a demand: Si They wanted Rowland to be lynched.

  Why does the police shoot to kill?

Brown says the black community decided to protect him. Nobody believed that he had done such a thing and they came to his rescue.

"They were willing to risk their lives, they knew they would risk their lives to defend Dick Rowland," Brown said. When they arrived at the court, thousands of whites had gathered in court. They were angry and upset about what had happened. The whites were armed. One of the armed men got into a confrontation with a black resident who asked him why he was swinging his weapon.

Brown says historical records prove the two men have been arguing. There was a fight for the weapon. It shot. The white resident was shot. Hell broke loose.

White decided to storm the black neighborhood. Some estimates suggest that the number of those who stormed the railroads that separated Black North Tulsa and White South Tulsa was 10,000.

Lost at least 300 black lives.

broke through the railroad tracks and invaded the home of Black Wall Street, the Greenwood neighborhood, "said Brown.

By the end of the night, 35 city blocks had burned to the ground Wall Street has been erased, with photos of the bodies of African-Americans on the streets, some shot dead.

The historical report states that at least 300 blacks were killed.

"There's really no way to know exactly how many people have died. We know that several thousand people have not been reported, "Mechelle Brown of the Greenwood Cultural Center reported, citing survival reports and population figures, many of whom fled the city.

Survivors reported that planes dropped bombs

[19659002] Some of the survivors stated that they not only remember the death on the streets, but rain from the sky.

"Many of our survivors commented on this. They recall seeing planes dropping bombs. We know that at least one company allowed white rioters to drop bombs with their planes, "Brown said.

There is no official report on the bombings, but attorney Buck Colbert Franklin, the father of historian John Hope Franklin, described the Air raids in a manuscript now housed in the Smithsonian National Museum of African-American History and Culture.

] Franklin saw a dozen or more aircraft circling in the air and heard "something like hail on my office building," he wrote In the street he saw the Midway Hotel and then other buildings burning down from their roofs.

"The sidewalks were literally covered with burning turpentine balls. I knew only too well where they came from, and I knew only too well why every burning building was first caught from above, "he continues." I paused and waited for a reasonable time to escape. "[19659002] A 2001 government commission report said, "Tulsa was probably the first city in the US to be bombed from the air."

In 2016, Tulsa still has at least one surviving survivor Hazel Smith Jones is now 97 years old, but he turned three when the attack took place.

"My dad was away from home, just the kids and mom. They came and fetched us, "Smith Jones said," White men in a truck gathered and brought them from the neighborhood. "

Survivors stayed for nothing

" They took us to the fairgrounds and us were there for two or three days. "Jones said," We stayed there and my dad did not know where we were. "

She said that her mother thought it was the safest thing to do, Jones was One of thirteen children, her mother was scared and thought that if the family were in the same situation with other people, they would all be safer, they may have been right, but the absence of homeowners also meant that it was for the white mob It was easier to plunder their property, and they did.

Black families who survived the burning, plundering, and shooting did not have much to offer on their return [1965-90] 02] A statement published in one of the local newspapers after the incident appeared to tolerate the actions of the mob proverbs: "A neighborhood like the old 'Niggertown' (19659054) may never be allowed to resume in Tulsa." (19659002) ) These words are still piercing. The same happened when wealthy black entrepreneurs once contacted their insurance companies.

All insurance claims rejected

Any insurance claim from the Greenwood district was denied.

Total damage was $ 2.7 million. Nevertheless, Black Wall Street was rebuilt, but never to its former glory.

Since the officials described the event as a "riot," their white residents were screened. While there is no restriction on murder, there is an uprising. And Brown says the black people of Tulsa were never compensated.

"They never got justice for fundamentally losing their loved ones, their homes and the businesses they worked so hard for," Brown said. 19659002] But Black Wall Street was rebuilt anyway. Brown says it was actually the desegregation that struck the last blow.

"The dollar circulated 19 times in the black stores before leaving the neighborhood," Brown said.

But when the white institutions were forced to accept black money as well, the money began to migrate. Black residents wanted to exercise their newly discovered freedoms – without knowing what that would mean for the companies in their neighborhoods.

Christopher Lett of CNN contributed to this report.


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