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Home / Science / & # 39; Real King Kong & # 39; Primate was related to the orangutan

& # 39; Real King Kong & # 39; Primate was related to the orangutan



Scientists have estimated that the extinct monkey, known as Gigantopithecus blacki, was almost 3 meters tall and had twice the weight of the gorilla, but no complete skull or any other bone from the rest of the skeleton was found, leading to much speculation ,

"It's an enigmatic way," said Enrico Cappellini, adjunct professor at the Globe Institute of the University of Copenhagen at the Faculty of Health and Medicine.

"There have been various hypotheses about what the next living organism might be."

Now, the genetic information that Cappellini and his colleagues took from a 1.9-million-year-old monkey tooth showed that the Orangutan is the closest living relative.

"The genetic material governs the debate ̵

1; genetically it looks like an orangutan," he said.

The team of scientists used protein sequencing on enamel of the molar tooth found in a cave in southern China to reveal the evolutionary relationship to the living orangutan. Their findings were published Wednesday in the journal Nature.

Real King Kong?

The only evidence that the unusually large monkey extinct 300,000 years ago consisted of four jawbone fragments and several thousand teeth.

However, the primate, sometimes referred to as the real King Kong, has left an imprint on Hollywood with a cameo appearance in the Jungle Book 2016 remake as inspiration for King Louie.

Cappellini warned that the results of the study did not necessarily lead the Gigantopithecus to look like an orangutan.

"The information available to us provides no further insight into the animal's physiology, biology and appearance," he said.

  Landscape around the Chuifeng Cave in China

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<p> ] The new technology, referred to by the scientists as palaeoproteomics, could also be used to clarify the fossil-hidden evolutionary history that is too old to conserve DNA and to revolutionize our understanding of human history. </p>
<p>  The authors said genetic material was conserved In fossils, we were able to reconstruct the last 50,000 years of evolution, but the oldest human fossils are 400,000 years old, leaving a gap in our fossil evolutionary history in a subtropical area where hot and humid conditions exist cause genetic material to disintegrate much faster. </p>
<p>  "So far, it has only been possible to retrieve genetic information from fossil records up to 10,000 years old in warm, humid areas," said Frido Welker, researcher at the Globe Institute of the University of Copenhagen at the Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences and first author of the study , </p>
<p>  "This is interesting because ancient remains of the alleged ancestors of our species, Homo sapiens, are also found mainly in subtropical areas, especially for the early part of human evolution, which means that we may be able to retrieve similar information about the evolutionary line that leads to man. "</p>
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