The red silhouette of a bull-like animal on the wall of a cave in the Indonesian part of Borneo is the oldest example of an animal drawing, experts say
Researchers say that the 5 foot wide sketch is at least 40,000 years old. This would make it a little older than similar animal pictures found in famous caves in France and Spain. Until a few years ago, experts believed that humanity's ancestors were depicted in Europe with animals and other figures.
"The oldest image of the cave art that we have dated is a large painting of an unidentified animal, probably a wild cattle that is still found in the race of the jungles of Borneo ̵
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Aubert directed that The study was also published in the journal Nature .
Scientists note that while Borneo is the third largest island in the world, most of the Ice Age was the easternmost tip of the great continental region of Eurasia. Europe was at the western end of the huge land mass of 8078 miles.
"It seems that two early cavalry provinces have emerged at the same time in remote corners of Paleolithic Eurasia: one in Europe and one in Indonesia the opposite end of this glacial world," said Professor Adam Brumm, a professor at Griffith University
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The remote limestone caves on Borneo have contained prehistoric drawings since the 1990s, and they hacked to reach them Aubert and his team of machetes through the dense jungle in a green corner of the island.
The miners' helmets were lit to brighten the darkness, and they walked and crawled through miles of caves adorned with hundreds of old designs , looking for works of art that could be outdated. They had to be specific mine on the drawings to determine their age with a technology that measures the decay of the element uranium.
In 2014, Aubert and his colleagues reported on cave art from the neighboring Indonesian island of Sulawesi. Measuring the uranium decay, they dated hand-made stencils made by injecting a red dye through a tube to capture the outline of a rock-pressed hand nearly 40,000 years ago.
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Borneo Cave Art allows scientists to create a rough timeline for the development of art in the region. Next to the bull, they dated red and purple hand stencils and cave paintings of human scenes.
After great animal drawings and stencils, "it seems that the focus has shifted to depicting the human world," said Aubert. 19659005] The discovery of rock art remains a fascination for archaeologists. Last year, researchers discovered a variety of mysterious pre-Columbian rock art in the caves of a remote, uninhabited Caribbean island.
The discovery of archaeologists took place in the exploration of some 70 cave systems on the Mona Island of Puerto Rico. The thousands of designs created centuries ago represent, according to experts, the greatest concentration of native pre-Columbian rock art in the Caribbean.
The Associated Press contributed to this article. Follow James Rogers on Twitter @jamesjrogers