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60 years after the exile, Tibetans fight for survival in a world after the Dalai Lama

Today, 60 years ago, the Tibetan Buddhist leader entered Indian soil to begin his life as a refugee.

After an unsuccessful uprising following the arrival of Chinese troops in Tibet, the Dalai fled Lhasa in fear of his life. Only 23 years old, he and his followers crossed a treacherous Himalayan pass in India, which arrived on March 31, 1959.

The then Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru offered the religious leader, along with tens of thousands of other asylum seekers, Tibetans who had followed him into exile.

Since then, the Dalai Lama, worshiped by millions of Tibetan Buddhists as a living God, has made India his home. India officially calls it "our esteemed and honored guest."

"I am the longest guest of the Indian government," the Dalai Lama, the 1

4th titleholder, jokingly told CNN in a 2009 interview.

  The Tibetans gathered in front of the Potala Palace, former residence of the Dalai Lama, in Lhasa, the capital of Tibet, on March 10, 1959, during an armed uprising against Chinese rule.

But as Tibetans mark 60 years of exile for their cultural icon, uncertainty about the future is growing. The now 83-year-old monk, who is now a monk, decided last year to restrict his travels, citing age and fatigue.

It is unclear who will succeed after his death, how that person will be selected or whether any person will be chosen to be another Dalai Lama.

Traditionally, the title is awarded to the highest ranking leader in Tibetan Buddhism. It is given to those who are considered to be the reincarnation of a line of respected religious teachers.

In an interview with Reuters asking what could happen after his death, the Dalai Lama expected a possible attempt to force a successor to Tibetans Buddhists

In the interview, the 1989 Nobel Peace Prize winner said: "If you have two Dalai Seeing lamas, one comes from here to a free country, one is selected by Chinese, and then no one will trust, anyone. " will respect (the one chosen by China). This is an additional problem for the Chinese. It is possible, it can happen. "

  Tibetan flags are displayed as people protest in front of the Chinese Consulate General in Los Angeles, California, on March 10.

End of Line

Such speculation is not new, the Dalai Lama once told the BBC that he may be the last person to hold the title or that But his comments highlighted the dilemma facing the future of Tibetan Buddhism when its current leader reached its mid-1980s.

  Dr. Sanjay Gupta: Teachings from Meditation with the Dalai Lama

China's Foreign Minister Geng Shuang said in March that Reink The nation of living Buddhas, including the Dalai Lama, must comply with Chinese laws and regulations and follow religious rituals and historical conventions. [19659002] Beijing must have full control over the appointment of the next Dalai Lama to increase control over the Tibetan community, which is deeply faithful to its spiritual leader.

The Dalai Lama says he no longer seeks independent Tibet its cultural autonomy, but China is unconvinced, disdaining it as a traitor, "a wolf in monk's robes," who "operates under the cloak of religion anti-Chinese separatist activities, with the aim of stopping Tibet from China."

Im In 2011, in order to democratize the Tibetan government-in-exile, the Dalai Lama gave up his political and administrative powers to become only a spiritual leader, but he is still the most influential figure in the community. [19659002InspiteofthefactthatIndiahascreatedademocraticstructureforTibetansmanyhaveworriedthattheirfuturemaybethwartedbytheDalaiLamadesert

  The Dalai Lama is celebrating m the first time the Lord Buddha's birthday since his arrival in India in May 1959 in exile.

India-Tibet split?

[19659002] Almost 100,000 Tibetan refugees live in India, around 73% of all Tibetans in exile.

In recent years, however, many have wondered whether the host country is dissociating themselves from the community and whether the Dalai Lama and his followers would do the same welcome today as 1959.

"India senses that attractiveness Tibet is waning in the West, "said Tsering Shakya, Tibet scholar and research professor at the University of British Columbia in Canada, which is most important for India. China is far more powerful than it was 60 years ago, and India views the relationship pragmatically – an approach that could affect the interests of Tibetans living in exile.

  A Tibetan exile activist arrested by the Indian police on 12 March during a protest near the Chinese Embassy in New Delhi.

Celebrations marking the beginning of its 60th anniversary last year have been postponed or canceled when senior executives and government officials were asked not to attend.

The note states that the March and April events took place at a "very sensitive time in relation to India's relations with China". A week later, the Tibetan central government – the government in exile – decided to relocate a significant cultural event from New Delhi to Dharamsala, where the exiled community is located.

These are worrying developments for the community.

"The present attitude of the Indians to the Tibetans is based on their relationship with the Dalai Lama," Shakya said. "All the privileges granted to local Tibetans honor an important and internationally recognized religious personality, which constitutes a moral legitimacy for the Indian government.

" Without the Dalai Lama, India can make no similar claim.

As China's influence in South Asia rapidly increases and the Dalai Lama grows old and frail, the exiles in India can only worry and wait.

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