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A healthy diet protects the ear



Good eating habits, such as a Mediterranean diet, could reduce hearing loss in women over 50, according to a recent study.

The decision to eat more fruits and vegetables, fiber-rich foods, and limiting the intake of sugar and fat in your daily diet has many proven health benefits: reduced risk of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes, Higher life expectancy, better defense against depression …

An American study now conducted by researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital (a teaching hospital of Harvard Medical School) also shows that a healthy diet can help to preserve good hearing. The researchers collected data from more than 3,000 women with a mean age of 59 years, who were followed for three years.

The study, published in the American Journal of Epidemiology, examined the relationship between diet and hearing loss by comparing data on participants' eating habits and measuring longitudinal changes in their hearing sensitivity. For the purposes of the study, the researchers set up 1

9 geographically different test sites in the US and trained teams of licensed audiologists.

Eating habits were evaluated in comparison to three specific diets: the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet, the Mediterranean Diet, and the Alternate Healthy Index-2010 (AHEI-2010). Common to all diets is the emphasis on fruits and vegetables as well as the avoidance of foods high in fat and sugar.

30% Loss of Hearing Risk with Balanced Nutrition [19659002] The team found that the likelihood of a reduction in mid-frequency hearing in women who were well-fed was 30% lower than in women whose eating habits were not were healthy.

"There is a widespread belief that hearing loss is an inevitable part of the aging process, but our research is focused on identifying potentially modifiable risk factors – things we can change in our diet and lifestyle to prevent or prevent hearing loss delay their progression, "explains Dr. Sharon Curhan, a doctor and epidemiologist in the Channing department of the Brigham Network Medicine Division and lead author of the study.

However, further research is needed to confirm the study's conclusions for a larger and more diverse population (virtually all subjects studied were white non-Hispanic women). The team at Brigham and Women's Hospital hopes to continue to monitor changes in auditory hearing over time and to extend its investigation to tens of thousands of participants in future trials.


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