With all the lined up moon missions and future plans to colonize our only natural satellite; One question that keeps coming back is this ̵
Recently, a space lawyer explained the most common question he encounters – "who owns the moon?"
According to Frans of the Dunk, the director of the United States, aware of the fact that seeing an American flag on the lunar surface will pose some important political problems around the world.
If the world even assumes that the moon will become Part of the US territory could legally raise several concerns. There may even be international disputes that will be extremely damaging to the US space program and to the nation's interests in general.
Frans von der Dunk also holds the Harvey and Susan Perlman Alumni / Othmer Chair of Space Law at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln LL.M. Space, Cyber and Telecommunications Law Program
So, did Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin transform the moon or did they make at least a large part of the moon part of the US territory? No. Neither the astronauts themselves nor the American space agency NASA or the US government wanted the US flag on the moon to produce this effect, said of the Dunk.
The answer was actually etched two years before the first manned mission to the US moon. In the 1967 space contract, both the superpowers, the United States and the Soviet Union, as well as other nations had agreed with a space program that, because "colonization" on Earth has caused extreme human suffering and several wars over centuries, the same mistake will not be repeated in the case of the moon.
So the moon actually became legal "global commons," which means that all nations will be able to reach the moon land equally.
So essentially the American flag On the moon, sovereignty should not be claimed, but it was placed there to honor the US taxpayer and the engineers who made it possible. Armstrong and Aldrin wore a commemorative plaque saying they had come "at peace for all humanity," and Armstrong said it was a "giant leap for humanity" not just for the US.
According to the Space Attorney, the US and NASA kept their word and shared the samples and lunar rocks that the astronauts had collected from the moon with all other nations. Even during the Cold War, the US shared this information with the Soviet Union.
So, space law is no longer needed; Law? Not easy.
Although the legal status of the Moon is that of "global commons," the 1967 Space Treaty left many issues unresolved. People were no longer on the moon since the last manned moon mission in 1972, which made the lunar land rights enormously theoretical. However, that changed a few years ago when several nations put up new plans for the moon landing.
At least two American companies, Planetary Resources and Deep Space Industries, are targeting asteroids to mine their minerals. Note: under the space contract, no state can legally own a celestial body, including the moon and asteroids.
The space contract could not solve the problem of "commercial exploitation of natural resources" on the moon and other celestial bodies, "wrote Frans von der Dunk in The Conversation which is a hot topic throughout the international community. and so far no solution has been found.
There are two possible outcomes.
- The countries with prominent space programs can agree to the treaty and recognize the moon as a global common good: all nations that are properly licensed and the space law
- Several nations, such as Russia, Brazil, and Belgium, believe that the moon and asteroids belong to all humanity, so the benefits of commercial exploitation should benefit all humanity, or at least "human benefits
Whatever the solution is, the legal Battle for the Land of the Moon is far from over, believes the space lawyer. This is not the same as the old European colonization; it can still have the same gruesome effects on the earth.