Home / Science / A supermoon, surprising asteroids and a fossil treasure trove: This week in space and science

A supermoon, surprising asteroids and a fossil treasure trove: This week in space and science

Hidden in one of the darkest corners of the Orion constellation, this Cosmic Bat is spreading its hazy wings through interstellar space two thousand light-years away. It is illuminated by the young stars nestled in its core – being shrouded by opaque clouds of dust, their bright rays are still illuminating the nebula.

In this illustration. Thesis rings shape when planets' gravitates dust grains into orbits around the sun. Recently, scientists have discovered Mercury's orbit. Others hypothesize the source of Venus' dust ring is a group of never-before-detected co-orbital asteroids.

This is an artist's impression of globular star clusters surrounding the Milky Way.

An artist's impression of life on a planet in a binary system, visible as two suns in the sky.

An artist's illustration of one of the most distant solar objects yet observed, 201

8 VG18 – hence known as "Farout." The pink hue suggests the presence of ice. We do not have any idea of ​​what "FarFarOut" looks like.

This is an artist's concept of the tiny moon hippocamp that was discovered by the Hubble Space Telescope. Only 20 miles across, it may actually be a broken-off fragment of a moon, Proteus, taken as a crescent in the background.

LSPM J0207 + 3331, the oldest, coldest white known to be a ring of dusty debris in this illustration, an asteroid (bottom left). Scientists think the system's signal is best explained by crunching asteroids.

An artist's impression of the warped and twisted Milky Way disk.

This 1.3-kilometer (0.8-mile) radius Kuiper Belt Object has been discovered by researchers on the edge of the solar system

A selfie taken by NASA's Curiosity Mars rover on Vera Rubin Ridge before it moves to a new location.

The Hubble Space Telescope found a dwarf galaxy hiding behind a Big star cluster that's in our cosmic neighborhood. It's so old and pristine that researchers have dubbed it a "living fossil" from the early universe.

How did massive black holes form in the early universe? The rotating gaseous disk of this dark matter halo breaks apart into three clumps that collapse under their own gravity to form supermassive stars.

NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope captures this image of the Large Magellanic Cloud, a satellite galaxy to our own Milky Way galaxy. Astrophysicists now believe it could collide with our galaxy in two billion years.

A mysterious bright object in the sky, dubbed "The Cow," captured in real time by telescopes around the world. Astronomers believe it could be the birth of a black hole or neutron star, or a new class of object.

An illustration depicts the detection of a repeating fire.

Comet 46P / Wirtanen wants to pass within 7 million miles of Earth on December 16. It's ghostly green coma is the size of Jupiter, even though the comet itself is about three-quarters of a mile in diameter.

This mosaic image from asteroid Bennu is composed of 12 PolyCam images collected on December 2 by the OSIRIS-REx spacecraft from a range of 15 miles.

This image of a Hubble Space Telescope is one of the most ancient collections of stars known. The cluster, called NGC 6752, is more than 10 billion years old.

An image of Apep captured with the VISIR camera on the European Southern Observatory's Very Large Telescope. This "pinwheel" star system is most likely doomed to end up in a long-duration gamma-ray burst.

An artist's impression of galaxy Abell 2597 showing the supermassive black hole expelling cold molecular gas like the pump of a giant intergalactic fountain

Image of the Wild Duck Cluster, where every year is approximately 250 million years old.

These images reveal the final stage of a union between pairs of galactic nuclei in the messy cores of colliding galaxies.

A radio image of hydrogen gas in the Small Magellanic Cloud. Astronomers believe that the dwarf galaxy is slowly dying and eventually consumed by the Milky Way.

Further evidence of a supermassive black hole at the center of the Milky Way galaxy has been found. Swirling around about 30% of the speed of light on a circular orbit around the black hole.

Does this look like a bat to you?

Hey, Bennu, this giant shadow comes from a bright star. NASA's OSIRIS-REx mission, on its way to meet the primitive asteroid Bennu, is sending back images.

years from Earth (from left to right). The supernova, dubbed iPTF14gqr, is exceptional because although the star was massive, its explosion was quick and faint.

This is an artist's illustration of what a neptune-sized moon would look like orbiting the giant gas exoplanet. Kepler-1625b in a star system 8,000 light-years from Earth. It could be the first exomoon ever discovered.

An artist's illustration of Planet X, which could be the orbits of many others.

This is an artist's concept of what SIMP J01365663 + 0933473 might look like. It has been twice as powerful as Jupiter's. It has 12.7 times the mass of Jupiter but a magnetic field. This is 20 light-years from Earth.

The Andromeda galaxy cannibalized and shredded once-large galaxy M32p, leaving behind this compact galaxy remnant known as M32. It is completely unique and contains a wealth of young stars.

Twelve new moons have been found around Jupiter.

Scientists and observatories around the world were able to trace a high-energy neutrino to a galaxy with a supermassive, rapidly spinning black hole at its center, known as a blazar. The galaxy sits to the left of Orion's shoulder in his constellation and is about 4 billion light-years from Earth.

'Oumuamua, the first observed interstellar visitor to our solar system, is shown in an artist's illustration.

Planets do not just come out of thin air – but they do not require gas, dust and other processes not fully understood by astronomers.

These negative images of 2015 BZ509, which is circled in yellow, show the first known interstellar object that has become a permanent part of our solar system system. The exo-asteroid which is probably pulled into our solar system from another star system 4.5 billion years ago.

A close look at the diamond matrix in a meteorite that landed in Sudan in 2008. This is considered to be the first evidence of a proto-planet that helped shape the terrestrial planets in our solar system.

2004 EW95 is the first carbon-rich asteroid confirmed to exist in the Kuiper Belt and a relic of the primordial solar system. This curious object is formed in the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter before being flung billions of miles to its current home in the Kuiper Belt.

The NASA / ESA Hubble Space Telescope is celebrating its 28th anniversary in space with this stunning and colorful image of the Lagoon Nebula 4,000 light-years from Earth. While the whole nebula is 55 light-years across, this image is just a portion of about four light-years.

This is a more star-filled view of the Lagoon Nebula, using Hubble's infrared capabilities. The reason you can see more stars is behind the dust and gas clouds to reveal the abundance of both young stars in the nebula, as well as more distant stars in the background.

The Rosette Nebula is 5,000 light-years from Earth. The distinctive nebula, which looks like a skull, has a hole in the middle of it creates the illusion of its rose-like shape.

KIC 8462852, known as Boyajian's Star or Tabby's Star, is 1,000 light-years from us. It's 50% bigger than our sun and 1,000 degrees hotter. And it does not behave like any other star, dimming and brightening sporadically.

This inner slope of a Martian crater has several of the seasonal dark streaks called "recurrent slope lineae," or RSL, that a November 2017 report interprets as granular flows, rather than darkening due to flowing water. The image is from the HiRISE camera on NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter.

This artist's impression shows a supernova explosion, which contains the luminosity of 100 million suns. Supernova iPTF14hls, which has exploded multiple times, may be the most massive and longest-lasting ever observed.

This illustration depicts the hydrogen compounds in the giants, such as Neptune, turning into a "diamond (rain) shower."

This striking image is the stellar nursery in the Orion Nebula, where stars are born. The red filament is a stretch of ammonia molecule measuring 50 light-years long. The blue represents the gas of the Orion Nebula. This image is a composite of the Robert C. Byrd Green Bank Telescope and NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explore telescope. "Rachel Friesen, one of the collaboration's co-principal Investigators, said:" We still do not understand how large clouds of gas are in our Galaxy. " "But ammonia is an excellent tracer of dense, star-forming gas."

This is what Earth and its moon looks like from Mars. NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter The image is a composite of the best moon image taken on November 20, 2016 by NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. The orbiter's camera takes pictures in three wavelength bands: infrared, red and blue-green. Mars what about 127 million miles from Earth when the images were taken.

PGC 1000714 what is initially thought to be a common elliptical galaxy, but a closer analysis revealed the incredibly rare discovery of a hoag-type galaxy.

NASA's Cassini spacecraft took these images of the planet's mysterious hexagon-shaped jetstream in December 2016. The hexagon was discovered in images taken by the Voyager spacecraft in the early 1980s.

A dead star gives off a greenish glow in this Hubble Space Telescope image of the Crab Nebula, located about 6,500 light years from Earth in the constellation Taurus. NASA released the image for Halloween 2016 and released the theme in its press release. The agency said the "ghoulish-looking object still has a pulse." At the center of the Crab Nebula is the crushed core, or "heart" of an exploded star. 1 trillion volts, NASA said.

Peering through the thick dust clouds of the galactic bulge, an international team of astronomers revealed the unusual mix of stars in the stellar cluster known as Terzan 5. The new results indicate that Terzan 5 is one of the bulge's primordial building blocks, most likely the relic of the very early days of the Milky Way.

An artist's conception of Planet Nine, which would be the farthest planet within our solar system.

An illustration of the orbits of the new and previously known extremely distant solar system objects. Planet X.

Say hello to dark galaxy Dragonfly 44. Like our Milky Way, it has a halo of spherical clusters of stars around its core.

A classical nova occurs when a white dwarf star gains matter from its secondary star (a red dwarf) over a period of time, causing a thermonuclear reaction on the surface that eventually becomes a single visible outburst. This creates a 10,000-fold increase in brightness, shown here in an artist's rendering.

Gravitational lensing and space warping are visible in this image.

At the center of our galaxy, the Milky Way, researchers discovered an X-shaped structure within a tightly packed group of stars.

Meet UGC 1382: What astronomers thought was a normal elliptical galaxy (left) what was revealed to be a massive disc. In a complete reversal of normal galaxy structure, the center is younger than its outer spiral disk.

NASA's Hubble Space Telescope captured this image of the Crab Nebula and its "beating heart," which is a neutron star at the center of this image. The neutron star pulses 30 times a second. The rainbow colors are visible due to the movement of materials in the nebula during the time-lapse of the image.

The Hubble Space Telescope captured an image of a hidden galaxy that is fainter than Andromeda or the Milky Way. This low surface brightness galaxy, called UGC 477, is over 110 million light-years away in the constellation of Pisces.

On April 19, NASA released new images of bright craters on Ceres. This photo shows the Haulani Crater, which has evidence of landslides from its rim. Scientists believe some craters on the dwarf planet are bright because they are relatively new.

This illustration shows the millions of dust grains NASA's Cassini spacecraft has sampled near Saturn.

This image from the VLT Survey Telescope at ESO's Paranal Observatory in Chile shows a stunning concentration of galaxies known as the Fornax Cluster, which can be found in the Southern Hemisphere. Galaxy – a galactic cannibal that has grown in size by the smaller galaxies.

This image shows the central region of the Tarantula Nebula in the Large Magellanic Cloud. The young and dense star cluster R136, which contains hundreds of massive stars, is visible in the lower right of the image taken by the Hubble Space Telescope.

In March 2016, astronomers published a paper on powerful red flashes coming from binary system V404 Cygni in 2015. This illustration shows a black hole, V404 Cygni, devouring material from an orbiting star.

This image shows the elliptical galaxy NGC 4889, deeply embedded within the Coma galaxy cluster. There is a gigantic supermassive black hole at the center of the galaxy.

At artist's impression of 2MASS J2126, which has 900,000 years to orbit its star, 1 trillion kilometers away.

Caltech researchers have found that they have a large planet orbit in the outer solar system. The object, nicknamed Planet Nine, has a mass of about 20 times farther from the sun on average than does Neptune.

An artist's impression of what a black hole might look like. In February, researchers in China said they had spotted a super-massive black hole 12 billion times the size of the sun.

Are there anything on Jupiter's moons? The Juice sample shown in this artist's impression. Picture courtesy of ESA / AOES

Astronomers have discovered auroras on a brown dwarf that is 20 light-years away. This is an artist's concept of the phenomenon.

Venus, bottom, and Jupiter shine brightly above Matthews, North Carolina, on Monday, June 29. The apparent close encounter, called a conjunction, has been giving a dazzling display in the summer sky.

Jupiter's icy moon Europe may be the best place in the solar system to look for extraterrestrial life, according to NASA. The moon is about the size of Earth's moon, and it has an ocean below it's frozen crust that may hold twice as much water as Earth. NASA's 2016 budget includes a request for $ 30 million to plan a mission to investigate Europe. Galileo spacecraft on November 25, 1999. It's a 12-frame mosaic and is considered the face of Jupiter.

This nebula or cloud of gas and dust , is called RCW 34 or Gum 19. The brightest areas you can see are the gas is heated by young stars. Eventually the gas burst outward like champagne after a bottle is uncorked. Scientists call this champagne flow. This new image of the nebula was captured by the European Space Organization's Very Large Telescope in Chile. RCW 34 is in the constellation Vela in the southern sky.

The Hubble Space Telescope captured images of Jupiter's three great moons – Io, Callisto, and Europe – passing by at once.

Using powerful optics, astronomers have found a planet-like body, J1407b, with rings 200 times the size of Saturn's.

A patch of stars appears to be missing in this image from the La Silla Observatory in Chile. Lynds Dark Nebula 483. The cloud is about 700 light years from Earth in the Constellation Serpens.

This is the largest Hubble Space Telescope image ever assembled. It's a portion of the galaxy next door, Andromeda (M31).

NASA has "Pillars of Creation," one of the space's most iconic discoveries. The giant columns of cold gas, in a small region of the Eagle Nebula, were popularized by the Hubble Space Telescope in 1995.

Astronomers using the Hubble Space is a small section of space in the southern hemisphere constellation Fornax. Within this deep-space image are 10,000 galaxies, going back in time as well as a few hundred million years after the Big Bang.

Planetary nebula Abell 33 appears ring-like in this image, taken using the European Southern Observatory's Very Large Telescope.

This Hubble image looks like a floating marble or maybe a giant, disembodied eye. But it's actually a nebula with a giant star at its center. Scientists think they are 20 times more massive than ours, but it's dying and is destined to go supernova.

Source link