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Abnormal Meal Timing May Have Deadly Consequences for Heart Attack Patients

H ealthier eating can help limit the progression of heart disease. when we eat may just as important as what we eat – especially for people recovering from heart attacks ,

A research letter published Thursday by Marcos Ferreira Minicucci, Ph.D. of Sao Paulo State University's department of clinical medicine shows that it makes a huge difference to recovering heart attack patients. four to five times more likely to die than those who stuck to regular eating patterns.

"We think that nowadays because of time is running so fast, we do not have time to have any meals, usually during the day we are eating snacks," Minicucci tells Inverse. "In addition, we are skipping meals or having meals almost as we can.

 breakfast weight loss
Late meal and skipped breakfasts increased the risk of death in patients recovering from heart attacks.

did not treat the minicucci, irregular eating patterns did cause harm – or at least those were associated with a higher risk of death.

In terms of this study, "skipping breakfast" meant "eating nothing before lunch" (there's no time cutoff in the paper). So who's who coffee in the morning, for instance, still counted in the skipping breakfast category. Eating dinner in two hours of bedtime.

As Minicucci watched his heart attack patients during their stay in the hospital for the first 30 days after discharge, he noted that the next day. Thus, the risk of death or death, or the degree of death or cholesterol levels, would be associated with higher risks of death.

The paper does not go as far as to explain what might actually be behind this pattern – it's just an observational study, so there are still some outstanding questions. For example, Minicucci did not analyze the types of foods that patients were eating. And notably, 73 percent of his patients were men.

Overall, his findings are weirdly specific, but they do have a place in a field of research that's torn over the importance of mealtimes, both for heart attack patients and for the general population.

For example, a 2014 study in Scientifica on 60,800 Japanese adults said that they had later dinners and skipped breakfast 17 percent higher odds of having metabolic syndrome – increasing their risk for heart conditions. That's the end of the day, but it does not explain what it's about.

One idea is that we should really focus on the skipped breakfast side of the equation.

 In the month following a heart attack, patients seem especially sensitive to diet. It's not totally clear, but it's harmful, though.
In the month following a heart attack, patients seem particularly sensitive to diet.

A review published in Circulation in 2017 is one of the biggest predictors of skipped breakfasts. Minicucci notes this too: "People who work late may be susceptible to having a late supper and then not being hungry in the morning," he said on Thursday. The question is, what happens when people skip breakfast because they're too full when they go to sleep?

Some research suggests that skipping breakfast is not good news. Stroke in 2016 showed that he / she had missed 14 percent higher rates of heart disease compared to who did not skip breakfast, highlighting how breakfast may impact metabolic health. However, when it comes to weight loss, it does not have its popular status as "the most important meal of the day."

In terms of the general population, it's still hard to pin down a cause-and-effect relationship between meal timing and heart health – maybe because there are so many different factors that determine what, and crucially, when someone eats. However, Minicucci has learned that it really does make a difference on their road to recovery.

"This is the first article that evaluates these habits in patients after myocardial infarction," he adds.

If there is a simple change in mealtimes timing the risk that the heart attack survivors faces on a daily basis, it's worth looking into the connection. !

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