قالب وردپرس درنا توس
Home / Health / According to a study, people in the US abuse antibiotics

According to a study, people in the US abuse antibiotics



Researchers collected data on non-prescription antibiotic use in the US from 31 studies between 2000 and 2019, focusing on four main populations: non-healthcare, healthcare, Hispanic, and injection drug users.

The use of non-prescription antibiotics included receiving, storing, taking antibiotics, or intending to take antibiotics without medical guidance. The prevalence of non-prescription antibiotics ranged from 1% (clinical patients) to 66% (Latino migrant workers), while the intention to use non-prescriptive antibiotics was 25% in the only surveyed study. Preservation of antibiotics for later use was between 14% and 48% in all groups studied.

"We know that people use antibiotics that are not prescribed to them, which is not safe and not good for their health." To tackle the problem, we needed to know what was already out there in the literature So find out where the gaps lie, "said the study author Dr. Barbara Trautner, an infectious disease clinical researcher at Baylor College of Medicine and the Houston Veterans Affairs Medical Center affiliated with the Houston Center for Innovation, is dedicated to quality, efficacy and safety.

One of these gaps was finding out what factors caused people to self-medicate and use nonprescription antibiotics. Several factors have been identified in the studies, including poor access to health care, long waiting times in the doctor's office, costs of antibiotics and doctor visits, lack of transport and embarrassment over the treatment of sexually transmitted infections.

People received these nonprescription antibiotics through a variety of sources, including prescription leftovers and local markets where antibiotics were sold as over-the-counter medicines. Other sources included family and friends, flea markets, pet stores, health food stores and online venues. Most antibiotics came from prescription remains or from friends and family members.

"The overall picture given here is much more detailed than I would have known, especially the various sources," said Marc Lipsitch, professor of epidemiology at the Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health, who did not deal with that Study. "What's important to me about this study is that [nonprescription antibiotic use] is a form of antibiotic use that contributes to exposure to antibiotic resistance."

  Advances in fatal staphylococcal infections slow down; CDC calls for increased prevention
Antibiotic resistance occurs when bacteria or fungi develop the ability to outlast drugs they are supposed to kill because they are exposed to an antibiotic that is used too frequently or too frequently. The effect of the antibiotic may diminish over time and lead to persistent infections that require extensive, expensive medicines.
In the United States, 2 million people suffer from antibiotic-resistant infections each year, and 23,000 die from these infections, according to US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

The use of non-prescription antibiotics in the US has not been extensively studied. However studies in Europe have, according to Dr. Larissa Grigoryan, lead author of the study, demonstrated a link between the use of nonprescription drugs and high antimicrobial resistance assistant professor in the Department of Family and Community Medicine at Baylor College of Medicine, which is also affiliated to the Center for Innovation in Quality, Efficacy and Safety.

  Superbugs - a global threat such as climate change and warfare # 39;

Another problem with nonprescription antibiotics is the risk of side effects. Antibiotics can cause "severe allergic reactions" or "destruction of the microbiome" when normal bacteria in the body are killed, Grigoryan said. A disrupted microbiome can grow bacteria such as Clostridium difficile in areas previously occupied by normal bacteria and can lead to diarrhea and even death.

"People are obviously driven to take antibiotics without a prescription, because they have concerns about their own health or the health of their family members and may not know that they may endanger the health they want to help," says Trautner said. "If we do not correct the rising tide, we will see more and more [adverse effects]."

Research has had some limitations, including that the 31 studies used different methods of collecting data through online surveys, telephone calls, and the use of social media. In addition, certain population subgroups have been more heavily studied than others, including the Hispanic population and injecting drug users.

Due to the multitude of data sources, "we can not represent a figure that shows how much antibiotics are used in nonprescription drugs," Grigoryan said.

For this reason, more research needs to be done to find out more understanding the extent of non-prescription antibiotic use before correction.

"Antibiotics are one of the few drugs that can hurt other people when you ingest them," Trautner said. "We want to address people with different populations , … we need this information before we can design an intervention. "


Source link