The United States has the highest number of measles cases since the early 1990s, health authorities said on Monday.
The Centers for the Control and Prevention of Illness report in their weekly reports of measles cases and outbreaks that there are 1,215 measles cases the US represents an increase of 12 cases over last week.
CALIFORNIA HEALTH ACCOUNT WARNING BEFORE POSSIBLE EXPOSURE IN DISNEYLAND, UNIVERSAL STUDIOS
The number of confirmed cases is the largest since 1992 and "since the measles were declared eliminated" in 2000, "the CDC said.
At least 125 people were hospitalized for the highly contagious virus, while 65 others reported complications such as pneumonia and encephalitis.
"The majority of cases involve people who have not been vaccinated against measles," the CDC said, adding that more than 75 percent of cases are related to the frequently reported outbreaks in New York and New York City. [1
The symptoms of measles include fever, cough, rash and red, watery eyes.
spreads in the air after an infected person has coughed or sneezed. Others may get measles if they breathe in the contaminated air or touch a contaminated surface and then touch their eyes, nose or mouth.
"Infected humans can transmit measles to others from four days before to four days after the onset of the rash." the CDC says.
The MMR vaccine can protect both individuals and other individuals from contracting the virus.
Small children are usually at the greatest risk of getting measles. The CDC recommends that children receive two doses of the MMR vaccine. However, the first dose is usually given to children between the ages of 12 and 15 months and the second is given between 4 and 6 years of age.
The news comes after a recent study by the University of Pittsburgh's Graduate School of Public Health found that measles outbreaks occur more frequently in Texas as more and more children in the state go unaccaed to school: HEALTH ACTS
According to researchers Texas is the "largest state of the population" in which parents are not allowed to vaccinate their children for personal or religious reasons. And the number of exceptions has increased in recent years, from 2,300 in 2013 to 64,000 in 2016. The researchers found that a reduction in vaccination coverage by only 5 percent the size of a potential measles outbreak in some communities in Texas by 4,000 percent Regardless, California health authorities recently said that visitors to Disneyland, Universal Studios, and other tourist destinations in the Los Angeles area may have been exposed to measles earlier this month after a New Zealand teenager infected with the virus entered the state had traveled.
Robert Gearty of Fox News has contributed to this report.