Experts on both sides said the result of the flare-up essentially restored the situation:
"The main title of this round is 'Rules of Engagement'," said Mkhaimar Abusada, a professor of political science at Al-Azhar University in Gaza. Hamas and Islamic Jihad argued that in recent months Israel has been trying to change the rules of the 2014 ceasefire, he said, bombing targets in the Gaza Strip like attack tunnels to Israel or killing Israel with a fatal blow to Israel Jihad Over the Weekend
Now, Professor Abusada said by phone, the groups believe that their rocket and mortar fire "sent a crystal clear message to Israel that if Israel targets Palestinians and bombs Gaza, it should expect Palestinian retribution."
Israel, for its part, has taken aggressive action on various fronts to deter its enemies, including the recent large-scale crackdown on Iranian targets in Syria. In light of recent hostilities in Gaza, experts said Israel had reminded Hamas of its air superiority and intelligence dominance and carried home the point that testing Israel was not worth it.
"At the end of the day, we have taken some very effective measures against the positions and elements of the terrorist infrastructure of Hamas and Islamic Jihad," said Yossi Kuperwasser, a former director-general of the Israeli Ministry of Strategic Affairs. That, he said, "led the terrorist organizations to conclude that it is against their interest to continue at this time."
Mr. Kuperwasser said the groups had "paid a high price".
"They know better than most people who are unfamiliar with the infrastructure of Hamas and Islamic Jihad," he said, adding, "We are going back to where we are."
Das Israeli military said its targets included drone warehouses, rocket production facilities and naval machinery. As the militants expected a rush, they left their posts well ahead of time. The last wave of Israeli air raids ended around 1