Enlarge / A hydrogen refueling station.
Peter Gercke / Image Alliance about Getty Images. California and in Norway. Despite these setbacks, the International Energy Agency (IEA) released a report on Friday stating that fuel is an important potential component of a low-carbon future.
The first fire in Santa Clara occurred on Saturday, June 1, at a hydrogen reforming facility owned by Air Products and Chemicals, Inc. No one was injured but according to the Silicon Valley Voice, several hydrogen tankers caught fire. The fire was extinguished just over an hour after the firefighters arrived.
After the fire was extinguished, the head of the Santa Clara Fire Department battalion, Drew Miller, told the press that "a hydrogen tanker was refueled and a leak had occurred" when the tanker was shut down and refueled an explosion. "
According to Green Car Reports, the hydrogen explosion was affecting drivers of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles in the Bay Area." One week after the incident, nine out of eleven car hydrogen refueling stations in the Bay Area were offline due to low hydrogen supply. "Toyota, Honda and Hyundai, the three vehicle manufacturers that sell fuel cell vehicles in the Bay Area, said they would now work with the owners to refuel their cars or find rental cars 1
9659005] The second incident occurred on June 10 in Sandvika, Norway, at a hydrogen refueling station supplied by Nel Hydrogen Water electrolysis methods Recently, Nel has expanded its supply of hydrogen for refueling passenger cars, drawing on the strong market for alternative fuel vehicles in Europe and Norway.
Incident in the past week ha A Fire And Two Injuries Result According to Autoweek, a resulting blast in two nearby passenger cars triggered airbags.
According to Nels website, the company sent a crisis response team to investigate what happened and put its other 10 hydrogen refueling points in Europe and the US for safety. In a press release dated June 13, Nel stated that preliminary findings indicate that neither the on-site electrolyzer nor the fuel dispenser were responsible for the accident.
The company could not yet rule out whether responsible for the fire were the stationary low-pressure accumulator, the low-pressure transporter, the stationary high-pressure accumulator, the various valve manifolds or the hydrogen refueling station.
On his website, Nel said, "If the cause is clear and all the information from the event has been gathered, we will put together learning points to drive them forward, and these will be shared publicly and specifically across the hydrogen industry."
Perspective on a Fuel
The two incidents are a setback for hydrogen as a fuel, especially on the political scene. On Thursday, the Korea Times wrote that South Korean President Moon Jae-In has decided to downplay a planned announcement of cooperation between Norway and South Korea over the expansion of hydrogen fuel. However, hydrogen is not the only fuel on the market that can catch fire or cause explosions.
Oil and natural gas infrastructure also causes several fires and explosions each year. We accept these dangers because the economic benefits outweigh the costs.
On Friday, the IEA released a report pointing out that the development of renewable hydrogen sources is a reasonable step towards a low-carbon future. The agency wrote that hydrogen can act as a "store" for solar and wind energy by using additional electric power for water splitting in H 2 when the power demand is otherwise low. Hydrogen "offers opportunities to decarbonise a number of sectors – including long-distance transport, chemicals, and iron and steel – where it is difficult to effectively reduce emissions," the IEA wrote.
The agency also made policy recommendations to Heads of State and Government hoping to increase the use of hydrogen. Recommendations included citing clean hydrogen production facilities in existing industrial ports, using existing natural gas infrastructures and pipelines, and "launching the first international shipping routes for hydrogen trading."
The report also emphasizes that more expensive renewable methods are needed scaled for the production of hydrogen. "Hydrogen is already used industrially, but almost exclusively from natural gas and coal," wrote the IEA. "Its production, mainly for the chemical and refining industries, accounts for 830 million tonnes of CO 2 emissions per year, the equivalent of the UK and Indonesia annual carbon emissions." ]