Israel has completely reopened its cargo crossing with Gaza, saying it is a response to a time of relative calm.
Trucks with fuel and merchandise drove on Wednesday after weeks restrictions by Kerem Shalom.
The fishery The area off the coast of Gaza was also reset to 1
Kerem Shalom was closed to retaliation for Palestinian fire and balloon bombing for all except humanitarian supplies.
Human rights groups said that this move constitutes illegal collective punishment.
Kerem Shalom is the main lifeline for the two million people living in Gaza, and the economy of the territory is almost entirely dependent on it.
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Defense Minister Avigdor Lieberman pledged a "hard hand" with the Palestinian militant group Hamas, which dominated Gaza on 9 July, when it tightened its use of Kerem Shalom.
They demanded that Hamas discontinue the launch of incendiary bombs and dragons that have caused hundreds of fires in southern Israel since April, burning more than 3,000 hectares of forest and farmland and causing hundreds of thousands of dollars in damage.
However, the arson attacks have not stopped, and there have been several flare-ups that have raised fears of a new war.
Last Wednesday, militants fired more than 180 missiles and mortars into southern Israel, and the Israeli military carried out more than 150 air strikes on "military and strategic" targets in Gaza. The escalation left three Palestinians dead and seven civilians injured in Israel.
A ceasefire brokered by Egypt and the United Nations reportedly came into force the following night, and since then, fewer reports have been published on firefighting equipment.
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In a message posted on Facebook on Facebook on Wednesday morning, Lieberman said he has decided to reopen Kerem Shalom and expand the fishing zone "as a clear message to Gazans: Peace and tranquility worth it and violence is not ".
"The inhabitants of Gaza have much to gain when the citizens of Israel enjoy peace and security, and much to lose when calm reigns."
Lieberman accused the Hamas leadership of "civilians" as live ammunition and as human Shields "and warned:" If Hamas turns back to violence, we will immediately and significantly sharper react than before. "
More than 160 Palestinians have been killed by Israeli forces since the end of March – most of them during protests along the Gaza-Israel border, where thousands have expressed their support for the declared right of Palestinian refugees to return to their ancestral homes ,
An Israeli soldier shot dead by a Palestinian sniper at the same time.
The Yolande Knell of the BBC in Gaza says that the reopening of the Kerem Shalom junction has raised hopes for Egypt and the United Nations to approximate a broader ceasefire between Israel and Hamas that will prevent further escalation and severe economic hardship Gaza would ease.
On Tuesday, the Israeli finance minister confirmed the report that Netanyahu had stealthily met Egyptian President Abdul Fattah al-Sisi in Egypt in May. It is believed that the two men have discussed conditions for a ceasefire, easing the blockade of the Gaza Strip and rebuilding its infrastructure.
Israel and Egypt imposed a land, sea and air blockade on Gaza as Hamas strengthened its power over the area in 2007 by ousting its rivals, a year after winning the parliamentary elections. The two countries say the blockade is for self-defense.
In a separate development on Tuesday, the UN Agency for Palestinian Refugees said that they might not be able to open more than half a million children in Gaza, the West, Bank, Jordan, Syria and Lebanon this month because of the money for her 22,000 teachers was used up.
Unrwa officials said the US decision – which has long been the largest single donor in the agency – to retain $ 305 million) of funding this year was the main reason for the financial crisis. The Trump administration has said that it will hold back money until Unrwa makes unspecified "reforms."