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Home / Health / Alarming number of Ebola deaths in Democratic Republic of Congo – a "call of assembly" to extend treatment

Alarming number of Ebola deaths in Democratic Republic of Congo – a "call of assembly" to extend treatment



"The news that the total number of deaths exceeded 2,000 out of more than 3,000 cases should be a collective call for all of us to step up our efforts to fight this terrible disease and put an end to this outbreak." Agency statement said.

"As the numbers continue to increase, it is important to remember that each of these cases is a child, a son or a daughter of someone, a mother, a father, a brother or a sister," she said "Each of these deaths not only leaves grief to a family, but also scares and concerns about their own exposure to the disease."

UNICEF noted that the recent breakthroughs in finding successful treatments prove that "we have the resources for the first time Recent media reports show that the disease is no longer incurable. Scientific advances promise to tame outbreaks and increase survival rates.

However, medical advances mean "little" if the infection remains undetected or not "When individuals are too anxious to get treated."

Several attacks by armed groups on Ebola treatment centers have been reported in the northeastern region of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. In some cases, strikes targeted the virus. A deadly environment with additional social and political crises could undo progress in treatment and prevention.

This Ebola epidemic, which the World Health Organization (WHO) classified as "International Public Health Emergency" in July, affected more children than any other previous outbreak. UNICEF said.

As such, treatments are specialized for young people. "UNICEF works with partners to meet the immediate and longer-term needs of children, accompanying them and their families at every step of the way," the agency said.

These efforts include risk communication and retention, infection prevention and control, psychosocial support, nutrition counseling for children and building a protective school environment.

Ebola outbreaks are unique in the "exceptional investment level" needed to combat these outbreaks, UNICEF said. "They demand that 100 percent of the cases be handled and 100 percent of the contacts be tracked and managed."

UN Secretary-General António Guterres will travel to affected areas on Saturday in solidarity with victims and families tackling the epidemic.

Of the $ 126 million needed to meet the needs of children and communities, UNICEF has so far funded 31 percent of its appeal.

"The reality is that we now need far more international support."

WHO confirms new Ebola case in Uganda

As the number of people living in the DR Congo continues to increase, a new case of the disease was identified in Uganda, where most of the population never lived , The child, a nine-year-old Congolese girl, was tested positive in Uganda and traveled to the Democratic Republic of the Congo for treatment.

Reporting to journalists in Geneva, WHO spokeswoman Fadela Chaib confirmed that the child had been stopped at a routine border inspection in Mpondwe, reportedly on Wednesday in western Uganda.

Amid reports that she had died, the WHO spokesman said the girl was clearly very bad when the health officials stopped her.

Two more people died in Ebola in Uganda in June after they crossed the border into the Democratic Republic of the Congo. A third person from the same family died after being sent back to the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

When asked about the dangers of transmission in Uganda, Ms. Chaib emphasized that Ugandan officials had acted quickly to limit the risk of spreading the disease and had the expertise to minimize contact with the infected patient ,

According to the WHO Update of 27 August on the recent Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, which was reported on 1 August 2018, there were "nearly 3,000 Ebola cases with 1,998 deaths and 893 survivors," said Chaib. "Most cases are in the province of North Kivu."

Ebola virus disease: WHO

Ebola virus disease (EVD), formerly known as haemorrhagic Ebola fever, is a serious, often deadly disease that affects humans and other primates.

The virus is derived from wild animals (eg, fruit bats, porcupines and nonhuman primates) and then spreads in the human population through direct contact with blood, secretions, organs or other bodily fluids of infected persons and surfaces and materials contaminated with these fluids (eg bedding, clothes).

The average mortality rate for EVD is about 50%. The deaths in the past were between 25% and 90%.

The first EVD outbreaks occurred in remote villages in central Africa near tropical rainforests. The 2014-2016 outbreak in West Africa was the largest and most complex Ebola outbreak since the virus was first discovered in 1976. There were more cases and deaths from this outbreak than any other outbreak together. It also spread between countries, starting in Guinea and across land borders to Sierra Leone and Liberia.

It is believed that fruit bats of the family Pteropodidae are natural hosts of the Ebola virus.

The incubation period, ie the time interval from the infection with the virus to the onset of symptoms, is 2 to 21 days. An Ebola-infected person can not spread the disease until it develops symptoms.

Symptoms of EVD can be sudden and include: fever, fatigue, muscle, pain, headache and sore throat. This is followed by vomiting, diarrhea, skin rash, symptoms of renal and hepatic dysfunction and, in some cases, internal and external bleeding (eg gum leakage, blood in the stool). Laboratory results include low white blood cell and platelet counts and elevated liver enzymes.

It may be difficult to distinguish EVD clinically from other infectious diseases such as malaria, typhoid and meningitis. A series of diagnostic tests have been developed to confirm the presence of the virus.

There is no proven treatment for Ebola, but simple procedures can greatly improve survival. This includes rehydration with liquids and body salts (administered orally or intravenously) as well as the treatment of specific symptoms such as low blood pressure, vomiting, diarrhea and infection.

Possible treatments include blood products, immunotherapies and drug therapies Currently being evaluated.

Hand hygiene is the most effective way to prevent the spread of the Ebola virus.

An experimental Ebola vaccine called rVSV-ZEBOV proved to be extremely protective against the deadly virus in a large study in Guinea in 2015. It is being used in response to the current outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo using a ring vaccine protocol.

During an outbreak, health partners apply a set of measures, including case management, monitoring, contact tracking, lab testing, safe burials, and community involvement.

Collaboration with communities to reduce the risk factors for Ebola transmission is crucial for combating outbreaks.


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