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Almost 800 dietary supplements spoiled with unauthorized ingredients like Viagra and steroids



Researchers found that nearly 800 dietary supplements consumed by Americans are actually contaminated with one or more drugs.

Experts call on the Food and Drugs Administration (FDA) to take urgent action to remove the affected products

Adulterated food supplements

More than half of American adults are taking daily supplements Vitamins and minerals to amino acids and plant extracts. Such products are not designed to prevent or treat illness, but are an industry of $ 35 billion. Unlike medicines that are regulated by the FDA, the Food Supplements Nutritional Supplements Act of 1994 classifies dietary supplements as food and therefore does not require the same regulatory review.

In an analysis by the FDA Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, researchers of a new study published in JAMA Network Open found that nearly 800 dietary supplements were adulterated with unauthorized drugs. In particular, from 2007 to 201

6, 776 dietary supplements containing one or more hidden active ingredients were identified, which implies 146 dietary supplement companies

Viagra, banned weight loss and synthetic steroids

Most of the adulterated supplements were marketed for sexual enhancement, weight loss and muscle building. The most common hidden drug ingredient in sexual enhancement supplements is sildenafil, the active ingredient in Viagra, while the most commonly used supplement in weight loss supplements is banned weight loss drug sibutramine, and synthetic steroids medication for muscle building supplements.

Unfortunately, less than half of the adulterated products were finally recalled, and some remain on the market today. According to data, the FDA sent warnings to the companies, with 28 products named twice or three times as adulterated products. Despite the Authority's warnings, in 19 of the 28 cases, the products even contained new non-approved ingredients rather than removing the original non-approved ingredient.

Urgent Action

A previous study referred to dietary supplements with 23,000 emergency medical visits and 2,000 hospitalizations a year in the United States. In addition, over a period of three years, the poison control centers appeared to receive over 1,000 reports of side effects from dietary supplements. As such, experts are now urging the FDA to take urgent action to take these products off the market.

Such products pose a serious health risk, especially for users who are unaware that the supplements they are taking are actually adulterated with medicines. For example, sibutramine may increase blood pressure and heart rate, making it particularly risky for a person with a stroke in history.


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