Spam calls to Americans – even though public health experts warn of the risks of processed meat.
United States. According to a study published Friday in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, adults still eat as much processed meat as they did 18 years ago. Processed meat includes red meat or poultry that has been "transformed by salting, hardening, fermenting, smoking or adding chemical preservatives," the study said.
The study analyzed data from 43,995 adults aged 20 years or over who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Survey (NHANES) between 1999 and 2016. It was found that the most commonly processed meats are midday meats, sausages, Hot dogs, ham and bacon were.
that showed no significant change in the nearly two decades. (The American Heart Association advocates the consumption of at least two servings of fish per week.)
However, the researchers observed a decline in unprocessed red meat consumption and an increase in poultry consumption. The consumption of poultry exceeded for the first time the consumption of unprocessed red meat.
Meanwhile, the lack of awareness of the health risks associated with processed meats may explain why Americans continue to consume them, suggested study co-author Fang Fang Zhang. The cancer epidemiologist and associate professor at Tufts University added that social, economic and cultural factors could also influence food choices.
in the US, "Zhang said in a statement.
The consumption of processed meat is associated with an increased risk of heart disease and diabetes, according to a 201
Cancer Research (IARC) has classified processed meat as carcinogenic in 2015 and announced that it has found "sufficient evidence" that its consumption has caused colon cancer in humans. The consumption of red meat was "probably carcinogenic to humans", which is due to correlations, which were observed especially in colon cancer, but also in pancreatic and prostate cancer.
A report from the World Cancer Research Fund and the American Institute for Cancer Research from 2017 later revealed that processed meat and red meat, among several other risk factors, are causes of colorectal cancer.
The consumption of this meat seems to be Even economic consequences: According to a study from the year 2018, the global health costs in the year 2020 to 285 billion US dollars and 2.4 million deaths attributable to the consumption of red and processed meat , Taxing these products would result in 222,000 deaths and a $ 41 billion reduction in healthcare costs.
"The findings of this study can highlight health policy priorities for improving nutrition and reducing the chronic burden of disease in the US," Zhang said of the study. "Since shops and fast food restaurants are the main points of sale for processed meat, these could in the future be prioritized as the main intervention centers for reducing the consumption of processed adult meat in the US."
The North American Meat Institute (NAMI), Washington The Washington-based industry association denied IARC's 2015 results on processed and red meat. In response to the recent study, the group recommended to consumers on Friday that "To examine all the evidence of meat consumption, which is clear This meat is a nutritious component of a healthy, balanced diet. "
" Although we have not yet seen the full study, meat such as bacon, hot dogs, sausages, and charcuterie are nutrient-dense foods that can deliver high-quality protein, vitamin B12, and many other vitamins and minerals Health, "said KatieRose McCullough, Director of Regulatory and Scientific Affairs at NAMI, to MarketWatch in a statement.
These facts change and Americans are expected to enjoy them in quantities consumed at the time are confident. "