A Neanderthal fossil (left) and a modern human skeleton. It is generally believed that Neanderthals have a high incidence of trauma compared to modern humans, but a new study shows that head trauma was consistent for both.
The world's oldest figurative artwork from Borneo was dated 40,000 years ago, when humans lived on what is now the third largest island in the world.
A 250,000-year-old Neanderthal child tooth contains an unprecedented record of the seasons of birth, breastfeeding, disease, and lead exposure in the first three years of life.
An artist's picture shows huge nocturnal elephant birds the old Madagascar forests at night. A new study suggests that today's extinct birds were nocturnal and blind.
Kebara 2 is the most complete Neanderthal fossil yet recovered. It was uncovered in the Israeli Kebara Cave, where other remains of the Neanderthal man were found.
The world's oldest intact shipwreck was found by a research team in the Black Sea. It is a Greek merchant ship that dates back to 400 BC. Was dated. The ship was surveyed by two remote underwater vehicles and digitally mapped.
This fossil represents a new piranha-like Jurassic fish with sharp, pointed teeth. It probably feeds on the fins of other fish.
The fossil skull of the young Diplodocus, known as Andrew, held by Cary Woodruff, director of paleontology at the Great Plains Dinosaur Museum.
Two small bones from the Ciemna Cave in Poland are the oldest human remains found in the country. The condition of the bones also suggests that the child was eaten by a large bird.
The illustration by this artist depicts the newly discovered dinosaur species Ledumahadi mafube, which is foraging in the early Jurassic of South Africa. Heterodontosaurus, another South African dinosaur, is also in the foreground.
A 73,000-year-old red hatch pattern was drawn on a silica flake that forms when sand and gravel form a cement cave in South Africa.
A series of Middle Neolithic pottery, including typical Danilo ware, Figulina and Rhyta, containing meat, milk, cheese and yoghurt.
These four dinosaurs show the evolution of the Alvarezsaurs. From the left, Haplocheirus, Xiyunykus, Bannykus and Shuvuuia show elongation of the jaw, reduction of teeth and alteration of hand and arm.
Eorhynchochelys sinensis is an early turtle that lived 228 million years ago. It had a toothless beak, but no clam.
The leg bones of a 7-year-old man, recovered from an ancient Roman cemetery, show bends and malformations associated with rickets.
The famous Easter Island statues, called Moai, were originally full-body figures that were partially covered over time. They represent important ancestors of Rapa Nui and were carved after 900 years on the island a population had emerged.
Researchers are standing at the archaeological site of Aubrey Hole 7, where human remains burned in Stonehenge were recovered for investigation. New research indicates that 40% of the 25 people buried in Stonehenge did not come from there ̵
The fossil of the newly discovered armored dinosaur Akainacephalus johnsoni was found in southern Utah.
The foot is part of a partial skeleton of a 3.32-million-year-old skeleton of an Australopithecus afarensis child named Selam.
The asteroid impact, which led to the extinction of dinosaurs, also destroyed global forests, according to a new study. This illustration shows one of the few bottom-dwelling birds that survived the toxic environment and mass extinction.
The remains of a slaughtered rhinoceros help researchers to be up-to-date when early humans reached the Philippines. They found a 75% complete rhinoceros skeleton that was clearly slaughtered, and 13 of its bones showed cut marks and areas where bone was spilled to release bone marrow at the Kalinga archaeological site on the island of Luzon.
This is just the case of one of 26 people found on the site of a fifth-century massacre on the Swedish island of Öland. This teenager was found lying on his side, suggesting a slower death. Other skeletons found in the houses and streets of the Sandby Borg ring-fortress show signs of sudden death by headstrikes.
The skeleton of a young woman and her fetus were found in a brick coffin from medieval Italy. Her skull shows an example of neurosurgery, and her child was displaced after death on a rare "coffin birth".
This part of a whale skull was found along with at least 19 other people on the construction site of Calaveras Dam in California. Some of the pieces are 3 feet long.
A Stone Age cow skull shows a trepanation, a hole in the skull made by humans as a surgical procedure or as an experiment.
On the left is a fossilized skull of our hominid ancestor Homo heidelbergensis, who lived from 200,000 to 600,000 years ago. Right is a modern human skull. Hominins had pronounced forehead edges, but modern humans developed mobile eyebrows with diminishing facial shapes.
On the left is a 13,000-year-old footprint found in sediment on Calvert Island off the Canadian Pacific coast. On the right side is a digitally enhanced image showing details of the footprint.
A central platform at Star Carr in North Yorkshire, England, was dug up by a research team investigating past events of climate change at the Mid-Stone Age site. The Star Carr website houses the oldest evidence of carpentry in Europe and built structures in the UK.
Researchers have been studying Archeopteryx fossils for 150 years, but recent X-ray data indicates that the avian dinosaur may have been an "active aviator".
This wall with paintings is located in the cave La Pasiega in Spain. The ladder shape of red horizontal and vertical lines is more than 64,000 years old and was made by Neanderthals.
These perforated shells were found in the Cueva de los Aviones Cave in Spain 115,000 to 120,000 years ago. The researchers believe that these elements served as body jewelry for the Neanderthals.
The earliest modern human fossil ever found outside of Africa was found in Israel. This suggests that modern man has left Africa at least 50,000 years earlier than previously thought. The upper jaw bone was recovered with several teeth in a prehistoric cave.
This is an excavation on the northern edge of the Grand Plaza of Teposcolula-Yucundaa in Oaxaca, Mexico. The researchers studied a graveyard with "plague" associated with a devastating epidemic between 1545 and 1550. New analyzes indicate that Salmonella triggered a typhoid epidemic.
The approximately 1 meter high early human ancestor Paranthropus boisei had a small brain and a broad, bowl-like face. It is best known for big teeth and strong masticatory muscles.