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Home / Technology / Android Through the Centuries: The History of the Smartphone Operating System by Google

Android Through the Centuries: The History of the Smartphone Operating System by Google

It all started with Cupcake

in 2008, when pinch-to-zoom was a reserved right for iPhones and BlackBerry was still the business, with a new kind of smartphone coming out: the Android smartphone.

From version 1.5 for public use, Android was introduced to the HTC Dream (known in the US as T-Mobile G1), a QWERTY keyboard keyboard phone. Based on a modified version of Linux, Android offered something completely different than the iPhone: freedom.

  Android 1.5 Screenshots

An Open Source Cupcake

Unlike iOS, the locked OS, Android came with the promise of open source everything. Google made access to the Android Market (now called the Google Play Store) freely available, and users could even customize their home screens with widgets by providing in-app features from this home screen without having to open an app.

With Android 1

.5, codenamed Cupcake, a new path was born.

Android 1.6: Donut

Is it an albatross? Is it a jumbo jet? No! It's the Dell Streak!

Version 1.6 of Android, Donut was announced in 2009, and it's the update that blames us for today's giant phones that do not fit in regular sized bags.

While Android Tablets Had This Not quite worn off by that point, Donut was one step ahead, laid the groundwork for the & # 39; phablet & # 39; and supported more screen sizes than cupcake.

Big screens ahn!

The previously mentioned 5-inch Dell Streak, small by today's standards, was a veritable monster on its introduction and owed its big screen to the progress Donut had made.

Other innovative features introduced in Android 1.6 included a text-to-speech engine, a universal search engine, and a full screen to show the battery so you knew which apps had dried up your smartphone. Android 2.0 eclair "class =" lazy-image lazy-image-loading lazyload optional-image "onerror =" this.parentNode.replaceChild (window.missingImage (), this) "sizes =" auto "data-normal =" https: //vanilla.futurecdn.net/techradar/media/img/missing-image.svg "data-src =" https://cdn.mos.cms.futurecdn.net/4twQavGMpi5Rmg3bVfNitn-320-80.jpg "data-srcset = "https://cdn.mos.cms.futurecdn.net/4twQavGMpi5Rmg3bVfNitn-320-80.jpg 320w, https://cdn.mos.cms.futurecdn.net/4twQavGMpi5Rmg3bVfNitn-650-80.jpg 650w" data- sizes = "auto" data-original-mos = "https://cdn.mos.cms.futurecdn.net/4twQavGMpi5Rmg3bVfNitn.jpg" data-pin-media = "https://cdn.mos.cms.futurecdn.net /4twQavGMpi5Rmg3bVfNitn.jpg "/>

Who knew there was ever a time when you could not have multiple Google Accounts on your Android smartphone? We did!

Eclair, named after the French patisserie Pastries made from Choux biscuits, fixed account restrictions and more.

Multi-touch me

Abe Several accounts were not the highlight of Android 2.0 – oh no. Eclair finally introduced multi-touch technology for smartphones that were not made by Apple (though it did a little by itself).

Take a photo, open it, press to zoom … Android and iOS were in a two-horse race, and Android caught up.

Eclair also introduced Google Maps navigation as well as additional camera modes, live wallpapers and Bluetooth 2.1 support.

Android 2.2: Froyo

Froyo, also known as frozen yogurt, is candy number four and Android version 2.2. Installed on classic cell phones such as the Samsung Galaxy S2 and the HTC Incredible S, the device marked the point at which Android hardware became increasingly world-class, eventually bringing the operating system inside to life – from Super AMOLED screens to the LCDs From iPhones to Outstanding LCD Displays Improving HTC's Industrial Design.

Get Froyo at This Hotspot

Version 2.2 has also introduced a feature that could make Android phones more attractive to everyday users – the most practical highlight of Froyo was definitely a more mobile one Wi-Fi hotspot Ting.

While Windows phones previously had Bluetooth and USB hotspot tools, the idea was to use high-speed Wi-Fi tethering to get the (then super fast) 3G data of your phone on a laptop or even with it Another to share Another smartphone was the confirmation for Android fans around the world.

It took Apple a full year to get it working on iPhones, and many network operators blocked iPhone tethering for some time yet.

Android 2.3: Gingerbread

  Android 2.3 Gingerbread

Android Gingerbread has not been redesigned compared to Froyo, but it has provided many new features including support for new sensors. including NFC. Further highlights were internet calls and a new download manager – but none of them was our highlight.

Copy, Paste, Solve Apple

Oh no – our highlight was the seemingly rudimentary and long-beyond-this copy-and-paste feature that over a year ago gave the iPhones the edge of text editing Androids provided: Selection of individual words.

Before Gingerbread, the Android copy was cumbersome because only whole text fields could be selected. Google closed the gap in 2010. With a long press of a word, just that word was selected and a pop-up menu with copy and paste options appeared, just like today's Android phones.

Android 3.0: Honeycomb

Do you remember the Motorola Xoom? No, not Microsoft Zune – we're talking about the Motorola tablet, which introduced the tablet version of Google Android, codenamed Honeycomb.

The most noticeable difference to all other Android versions was the user interface. With the introduction of "Holographic" UI elements, Google was doing a bit of tron ​​here – all the illuminated lines, highlights around objects – and although it did not look timeless, it looked cool.

Screen Navigation Form of Things to Come …

Android phones today rarely sport hardware navigation keys; That said, the back, home, and current apps buttons are located in a navigation bar at the bottom of the largest phones – Google Pixel 3, Samsung Galaxy S9, and Huawei Mate 20.

Funny enough, we do not have a mobile operating system for it first introduced in Honeycomb, with the "Back", "Home" and "Recent Apps" buttons at the bottom left of the home screen.

Android 4.0: Ice Cream Sandwich

  Android 4.0 Ice Cream Sandwich

As long as physical buttons, hello unified Android font!

Ice Cream Sandwich was probably one of the richest updates Android has ever seen. It is available for the Galaxy Nexus and HTC One X and has an excellent in-gallery photo editor and a data delimiter in the settings.

The overall look has been refined in accordance with the design direction of Honeycomb and provided a much richer experience than Android 2.3.

Swipe to Delete

The most pervasive feature introduced in this version was swiping to discard the gesture.

While it was already in use by other smartphone makers, Android users secured a sure ascent to ubiquity with this little swipe gesture.

For example, e-mail and text messaging has been affected by swipe to deny interaction. Windows 10's touchscreen notification management is a fundamental part of Tinder's most popular dating app.

Android 4.1: Jelly Bean

  Android 4.1 Jelly Bean

Jelly Bean was a story of three parts: 4.1, 4.2 and 4.3

4.1 it was all about refinement. It needed Ice Cream Sandwich to make it smoother, improved multi-language support, and automatic adjustment of widgets to your home screen.

Android 4.2 was another refinement that this time refined its look and feel, resulting in a great result. A tablet user interface that works well on the Nexus 10, complete with support for the projection of Miracast Wi-Fi displays.

The last episode – Return of Jelly Bean, if you will – was a cork for developers who gave them tools to improve UI smoothness. Use the latest version of Bluetooth and restrict profiles to devices with multiple user accounts – convenient for both parents and businesses.

Expandable Notifications

Our Jelly Bean Highlight? Drag two fingers down for advanced notifications. This feature gave users an insight into the details of their latest updates. So if your notification was "3 new tweets," dragging with two fingers would expand the notification and show who those tweets were, with a snippet of the message itself.

Simple and still in Android today.

Android 4.4: KitKat

  Android 4.4 Kitkat

Emojis on the Google Keyboard: Lower RAM requirements pave the way for low-cost Android phones and NFC security is supported for mobile payments To make reality. All this and more has been loaded into the Android 4.4 KitKat update.

"Okay Google, will that ever happen?"

But it was Google Now who became a language assistant The world of talkative telephone assistants and smart speakers of today.

The always-on microphone and the "OK Google" command were launched with KitKat in October 2013, taking advantage of Google search capabilities.

It paved the way for Apple's Siri. In June 2014, the mobile race with two horses followed, split into two separate competitions for smartphones and one language assistant, with Google launching early.

Android 5.0: Lollipop

  Android 5.0 Lollipop

Material Design, Google's flatter user interface offers fewer gradients and a cleaner look than Jelly Bean, which was released on Android 5.0.

In addition, support for the 64-bit architecture was introduced, which enabled Android to achieve near parity in terms of the power potential of desktop operating systems, and lock-screen notification processing was improved.

The Stage for Wearables

But the hidden gem in Android Lollipop was the support of Bluetooth LE or Low Energy.

This feature meant that wearable technologies could finally exist without draining the phone's battery. Bluetooth LE allowed manufacturers to create smartwatches and fitness trackers with low-capacity batteries that were small enough to fit in a device that looked good and could be worn comfortably.

Android 6.0: Marshmallow

  Android 6.0 Marshmallow

At the launch of the Nexus 5X and Nexus 6P USB C connectors and fingerprint scanner were introduced Nexus line.

As for the software, app security has been tightened by element-specific permissions that require users to grant access to apps that require a camera, phone, and so on.

Android 6.0 is also supported Integrating the microSD card into the internal memory – convenient for phones with less than 16 GB of memory, although this feature has since been removed.

Doze Mode

For the second consecutive year, there is a battery saver feature on our Android highlight.

If you have not plugged in your marshmallow phone for a while with the screen off, apps will go into standby mode and Doze mode will be activated.

This saves battery power and cemented Android as the operating system If so go you wanted the battery edge packed with Android hardware, the higher-capacity batteries than iPhones, and their software was optimized to make the most of them.

Android 7.0: Nougat

  Android 7.0 Nougat

Quick Double-click app – Tap the latest apps, gender and race-specific emojis, separate wallpaper and wallpaper screens … Android Nougat made things more functional and attractive, but also borrowed something from Samsung.

Split screen multitasking

After Samsung introduced split-screen multitasking on the note line, Samsung was ahead of the curve. Google raised the experience and made it part of Android 7 over a year later, so half of the screen could be used for one app and the other half for another.

Google has done some cool stuff with this feature – Android 7 offered z. For example, split-screen operation of two Chrome tabs and even support dragging and dropping an image file between tabs.

Android 8.0: Oreo

  Android 8.0 Oreo

Brilliant new battery menus and notification points on app icons – Android Oreo has brought a number of user interface refinements and improved memory management. with a new file browser and a more detailed memory control in the settings.

Floating videos are cool, right?

But the highlight feature everyone wanted and never used when they launched was Picture-in-Picture, another feature introduced by Samsung and later adopted by Google for Android applications.

This small floating video window displays a video in your UI, so you can continue scrolling through Twitter without having to stop watching your favorite program.

At first it was awkward to activate and, frankly, something useless. Now it is successful, and apps like Netflix, WhatsApp and YouTube have taken the support.

Android 9.0: Pie

  Android 9.0 Pie

We're finally all caught. Google's Build 2018/19 for Android, Android 9.0, also known as Pie, is the latest version, shipping on the latest and greatest hardware, including Pixel 3 and Pixel 3 XL.

With Notch support, upgraded battery drives and a revised version The UI is equipped with iPhone X-like navigation systems. Android Pie prepares Google Smartphones for their upcoming steady-free future.

A Social Responsibility Site

Digital Wellbeing is a suite of services currently available as part of the Android P beta update. If you're using elements like a dashboard to better understand how to use your app, you'll need to use your phone a little less, or at least a little bit more carefully.

Additional tools range from app delimiters to a greyscale mode that lets you see your eyes, a pause, and a wrap-up feature that lets you disconnect at the end of a workday.

With more than 14 versions of Android working on Google and serving more than two billion users, it's a good conclusion for the current chapter that the big G has shifted its focus to Digital Wellbeing given the large operating system reach.

Q is for …?

But what about the shape of things to come? Android 10 is expected to fall in the second half of 2019, and we already know it's the new Essential Phone.

As far as the name is concerned, the pronounced lack of confectionery, which starts with the letter "Q", suggests everything. Visit TechRadar throughout 2019 for the latest Android Q updates. More information about Pie can be found in our Android 9.0 overview.

  • Connected to Nokia and Android One to help you get more out of your smartphone. Learn more about the new Nokia 7.1 and find other great tips on how to get the most out of your phone .

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