قالب وردپرس درنا توس
Home / World / Angela Merkel has saved for the time being, but the problems of Europe persist

Angela Merkel has saved for the time being, but the problems of Europe persist



"After an intensive discussion about the biggest challenge facing the European Union, namely migration, it is a good signal that we have agreed on a joint text," Merkel said after the meeting. "We still have much to do to bridge the different views."

Although many of the details in the communiqué were vague at best, perhaps his greatest achievement was to confirm that EU solidarity is the only way to prevent turning back on the 2015 migration crisis, with hundreds of thousands of asylum seekers unchecked to Europe streamed.

Promising to share responsibility, if only on a voluntary basis, this agreement ties the EU together and accuses the nationalist policies of European leaders such as Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban, who warned against an "invasion" in front. migrants, despite the fact that illegal border crossings are 95%.

But for Merkel, this formulation was crucial: "Member States should take all necessary internal legislative and administrative measures to counter such a move and cooperate closely for this purpose."

That was exactly what she needed to stop the critics of her Bavarian sister party, the Christian Social Union, from rebelling ̵
1; at least for now. Horst Seehofer, CSU leader and German Interior Minister, had threatened to trigger a government collapse, unless Merkel found a way for the EU to allow Germany to push back asylum seekers who had already registered in another EU country.
  EU summit sentiment reached after Italy demanded action against migrants

Merkel delivered and the CSU is already there to make positive voices.

"The EU summit has taken a big step towards a better migration policy: Europe stands for humanity towards people in need, determination to protect the external borders and the fight against illegal migration, as well as for solidarity with each other," tweeted CSU party leader Manfred Weber. "The EU shows its ability to act."

But there are still serious questions about how – or if – this agreement can be implemented. And Merkel will need concrete results to ward off the future challenges of her leadership.

The main concession that Italy demanded was to transfer responsibility for rescue operations in the Mediterranean to the Libyan Coast Guard, including "regional disembarkation platforms" to be set up in Africa.

But Libya did not agree with this proposal, and many observers doubt it can work.

Gerald Knauss of the European Stability Institute – one of the original authors of the Turkey-EU Immigration Agreement – told CNN: "The problem is, no one can explain: Why should one of these countries agree to this? What to do? Asylum to Libyan or Tunisian Is it even legal if they are unsure there Libya is impossible It is so uncertain that we do not even have messages there! It is a far-fetched idea. "

  READ: Text of the Migration Agreement of the European Union
The Libyan government is fighting for the maintenance of law and order, and its deportation centers are fully documented by human rights violations and cases of slavery by CNN. And it is not clear how dumping of rescued asylum seekers on "disembarkation platforms" would be acceptable under EU human rights law.

Even within the EU, the promise to set up "controlled centers" for "fast and secure processing" of asylum applications works, theoretically, but not practically – not least because such centers are set up only in countries, these volunteers to them to build. It is expected that this offer will cover only a few interested parties.

In the meantime, tens of thousands of migrants are still stranded in Greece after Europe closes its borders in 2016, and it is not clear what the EU will do differently to improve it.

While the EU has committed to relocate or deport 160,000 asylum seekers – and has signed an agreement with Turkey to reject rejected migrants – only about 30,000 have been relocated in Europe over the past two years following the EU resettlement , Some have been deported to Turkey, but according to the UN Refugee Agency, more than 60,000 remain in Greece. Many still live in miserable camps.
  Europe holds its breath as Merkel's chancellorship remains in abeyance

The deal does nor against the problem of the distribution of refugees already in the EU. Often the words "voluntary" and "shared" are used, but it is not explained on what basis the EU countries will resume the refugees. Germany's earlier proposal of binding quotas for each EU country was openly rejected by countries such as Hungary and Poland.

Meanwhile, Europe took more than five days to figure out what to do with more than 200 rescued asylum seekers stranded on a ship at sea this week. This does not bode well for future cooperation.

It does not bode well for Merkel's political future. Their opponents at home are looking at regional elections this year and will be looking for ways to earn political points at their expense. And after more than twelve years as Chancellor, Merkel will fend off more and more of her younger rivals in her own party.

"This can be repeated in two weeks, three weeks, there are many political rivals who want to get rid of the Chancellor, so they will study these mistakes and learn from them," warned German political analyst Timo Lochoki.

"If she continues in this style, in which she is getting smaller and smaller, she can postpone a political disaster, but she can not prevent it."


Source link