In order to build a human colony on Mars, a suitable location must first be determined. Using data from NASA and ASU, researchers from the Netherlands have identified several sites where plants can grow and communities can survive. L. Schug | Wageningen University and Research Netherlands )
To determine the best location for the future human colony on Mars, have a few researchers from Wageningen University and research in the Netherlands three-dimensional designed maps highlighting different areas that would represent ideal landing sites.
The ecologist Wieger Wamelink and his student Line Schug combined existing data from NASA and Arizona State University in a computerized information system
Agricultural 3D Maps Of Mars
The result of this process is a series of animated maps with an agricultural Perspective. Each of them describes a particular aspect of the Red Planet, like the composition of its soil.
For example, one of the maps shows the amount of calcium and heavy metals in their soil, while others provide information about their climate, temperature, and elevation
"The abundance of data available on Mars now makes this possible," says Wamelink in an official statement.
Ideal Sites for the Human Colony
Overall, researchers have identified not just one location that would be suitable for human life, and the cultivation of vegetation for food.
These places are represented in the interactive maps by dark blue zones. In fact, these areas are considered "familiar" by Wamelink, having previously served as landing pads for Mars missions.
Acidalia Planitia, located north of the Viking station of NASA and Mars Pathfinder, is among the ideal landing sites. However, its proximity to the planet's inactive volcanoes may pose a risk to the future colony.
Growing Plants on the Red Planet
In preparation for life on Mars, Wamelink has studied how to grow plants on the ground can be from Mars and Moon. So far, he conducted a total of three experiments from 201
Although planted in soil of varying composition, he found that the plants grew at a similar rate as normal soil from Earth. He admits that it is not exactly the same, but they "come".
Wamelink harvested tomatoes, radishes and rye in 2015 as part of the "Food in Mars and Moon" project. He bred ten different crops to feed human colonies on Mars, including beans, peas, carrots and potatoes.
Because of the heavy metals found in the soil of the Red Planet, the plants had to be tested to see if they were safe to eat. Fortunately, they turned out to be edible and served in "Martian Dinners" organized for the financiers of the project.
All ideal locations in the animated Mars maps of the researchers have a soil composition that is conducive to the cultivation of food. The graphs do not include the poles of the Red Planet, as there is limited information on such areas.
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