Home / Science / Apollo Moon Samples, Ancient DNA and Otters: This Week in Outer Space and Science

Apollo Moon Samples, Ancient DNA and Otters: This Week in Outer Space and Science

Hidden in one of the darkest corners of the Orion Constellation, this cosmic bat spreads its blurred wings two thousand light-years away through interstellar space. It is illuminated by the young stars that are in its core – although they are enveloped in opaque dust clouds, their bright rays still illuminate the fog.

In this illustration, several dust rings orbiting the sun. These rings form when the heaviness of the planets pull dust grains into orbit around the sun. Scientists recently discovered Mercury's dust orbit in orbit. Others suggest that the source of the dust ring of Venus is a group of asteroids that had never been discovered before.

This is the impression of an artist of spherical star clusters surrounding the Milky Way galaxy.

The artist's impression of life on a planet in orbit around a binary star system, visible as two suns in the sky.

An artistic representation of one of the most distant objects of the solar system that has been observed so far, 201

8 VG18 – also known as "Farout". The pink hue indicates ice. We still have no idea what "FarFarOut" looks like.

This is an artist's concept of the tiny moon Hippocamp discovered by the Hubble Space Telescope. Only 20 miles wide, it could actually be a broken fragment of a much larger neighboring moon, Proteus, seen as a crescent in the background.

In this illustration, an asteroid (bottom left) breaks under the heavy gravity of LSPM J0207 + 3331, the oldest, coldest white dwarf, known to be surrounded by a ring of dusty debris. Scientists believe that the system's infrared signal is best explained by two different rings consisting of dust delivered by crumbling asteroids.

The impression of an artist on the warped and twisted disc of the Milky Way. This happens when the rotational forces of the massive center of the galaxy tug at the outer disk.

This 1.3-kilometer Radius Kuiper Belt object, discovered by researchers at the edge of the solar system, is believed to be the step between dust and ice balls and fully formed planets.

A selfie taken by the NASA rover Curiosity Mars on the Vera Rubin Ridge before moving to a new location.

The Hubble Space Telescope found a dwarf galaxy that hid behind a planet's large cluster of stars located in our cosmic neighborhood. It is so ancient and original that researchers have called it from the early universe a "living fossil".

How did massive black holes form in the early universe? The rotating disk of this dark matter halo breaks down into three lumps, which collapse under their own gravity into supermassive stars. These stars will collapse quickly and form massive black holes.

NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope has taken this picture of the Large Magellanic Cloud, a satellite galaxy of our own Milky Way galaxy. Astrophysicists now believe that they could collide with our galaxy in two billion years.

A mysterious, bright object called "The Cow" was captured in real time by telescopes around the world. Astronomers believe that this could be the birth of a black hole or a neutron star, or a new class of objects.

An illustration shows the detection of a repetitive, fast burst of radioactivity from a mysterious spring 3 billion light-years from Earth.

On December 16, comet 46P / Wirtanen will be less than 7 million miles from Earth. Its ghostly green coma is the size of Jupiter, even though the comet itself has a diameter of about a quarter.

This mosaic The adenoid Bennu image consists of 12 PolyCam images collected from the OSIRIS-REx spacecraft at a distance of 15 miles on 2 December.

This image of a globular cluster of the Hubble Space Telescope is one of the oldest collections of stars known. The cluster called NGC 6752 is more than 10 billion years old.

A picture taken by Apep on the Very Large Telescope of the European Southern Observatory with the VISIR camera. This "pinwheel" star system is most likely condemned to end in a long-lasting gamma-ray burst.

An artistic impression of the galaxy Abell 2597 showing the supermassive black hole ejecting cold molecular gas like the pump of a giant intergalactic fountain

An image of the Wild Duck Cluster, where each star is about 250 million years old ,

These images show the final stage of a union of galaxy pairs in the chaotic nuclei of colliding galaxies.

A radio image of hydrogen gas in the small Magellanic cloud. Astronomers believe that the dwarf galaxy dies slowly and is eventually consumed by the Milky Way.

Further evidence of a supermassive black hole in the center of the Milky Way has been found. This visualization uses data from simulations of gas orbital motion that spin in a circular orbit around the black hole at about 30% of the speed of light.

Does that look like a bat to you? This huge shadow comes from a bright star, which reflects against the dusty disk that surrounds it. Hey, Bennu! NASA's OSIRIS-REx mission, which heads to the primitive asteroid Bennu, sends back images that are nearing its December 3 goal.

These three panels show a supernova before, during and after their occurrence 920 million light. Years from Earth (from left to right). The supernova, called iPTF14gqr, is unusual because the star was massive, but its explosion was fast and weak. Researchers believe that this is due to a companion star that has sucked its mass away.

This is an artistic representation of how a Neptune-sized moon would look as if it were orbiting the gas-giant exoplanet Kepler-1625b in a star system around 8000 light-years Earth. It could be the first Exomoon ever discovered.

An artist illustration of Planet X that could shape the orbits of smaller, extremely distant outer solar system objects such as the 2015 TG387.

This is a concept of an artist, what could concern SIMP J01365663 + 0933473 could look like. It has 12.7 times the mass of Jupiter, but a magnetic field 200 times stronger than that of Jupiter. This object is 20 light-years from Earth. It's on the border between a planet or a brown dwarf.

The Andromeda galaxy can cannibalize and destroy the once-large galaxy M32p, leaving behind a compact galaxy residue known as the M32. It is unique and contains a wealth of young stars.

Twelve new moons were found near Jupiter. This chart shows different groupings of the moons and their orbits, with the newly discovered ones being shown in bold.

Scientists and observatories around the world were able to trace a high-energy neutrino to a galaxy with a supermassive, fast-rotating black hole in the center, known as the blazar. The galaxy sits in its constellation to the left of Orion's shoulder, about 4 billion light-years from Earth.

Oumuamua, the first observed interstellar visitor to our solar system, is shown in an artist's picture.

Planets do not just appear from the air – but they do not require gas, dust and other processes fully understood by astronomers. This is an artistic idea of ​​what "baby planets" look like when they form around a young star.

These negative images of 2015 BZ509, circled yellow, show the first known interstellar object that has become an integral part of our solar system. The exo-asteroid was probably taken into our solar system 4.5 billion years ago by another star system. She then settled in a declining orbit around Jupiter.

A closer look at the diamond matrix of a meteorite that landed in Sudan in 2008. This is considered to be the first evidence of a proto-planet that has brought the terrestrial planets into shape with our solar system.

2004 EW95 is the first carbon-rich asteroid found in the Kuiper belt, and a relic of the original solar system. This strange object was probably created in the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter before it was hurled billions of kilometers to its present home in the Kuiper Belt.

The NASA / ESA Hubble Space Telescope celebrates its 28th anniversary with this stunning and colorful space image of the Lagoon Nebula 4,000 light-years from Earth. While the entire nebula has a diameter of 55 light-years, this image shows only a part of about four light-years.

This is a more star-filled view of the Lagoon Nebula using Hubble's infrared capabilities. The reason why you can see more stars is because infrared is able to penetrate the dust and gas clouds to show the fullness of the two young stars in the fog and distant stars in the background.

The Rosette Nebula is 5,000 light-years from Earth. The distinctive mist, some of which claim that it looks more like a skull, has a hole in the middle that creates the illusion of its rosette-like shape.

KIC 8462852, also known as Boyajian's Star or Tabby's Star, is 1,000 light-years away from us. It is 50% larger than our sun and 1,000 degrees hotter. And he does not behave like any other star that dims and lightens sporadically. Dust around the star, pictured here in an artist's image, may be the most likely cause of his strange behavior.

This inner crater of a Martian crater has several seasonal dark stripes called "recurring drop lines" or RSL. that a report from November 2017 is interpreted as a grainy flow and does not become darker due to the flow of water. The image comes from the HiRISE camera on NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter.

The impression of this artist shows a supernova explosion, which contains the luminosity of 100 million suns. The multiply exploded Supernova iPTF14hls may be the most massive and longest-watched.

This figure shows hydrocarbon compounds that break down into carbon and hydrogen within ice giants such as Neptune and develop into a "diamond (rain) shower".

This eye-catching image is the star Nursery in the Orion Nebula, where stars are born. The red filament is a stretch of ammonia molecules that is 50 light-years long. The blue stands for the gas of the Orion Nebula. This image is a compilation of observations from the Robert C. Byrd Green Bank Telescope and NASA's Far-field Infrared Survey Explore Telescope. "We still do not fully understand how large gas clouds in our galaxy converge to new stars," said Rachel Friesen, one of the co-principal investigators of the collaboration. "But ammonia is an excellent indicator of dense star-forming gas."

This is how Earth and Moon look like from Mars. The image is a composition of the best image of the Earth and the best moon image taken on 20 November 2016 by NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. The orbiter's camera captures images in three wavelength ranges: infrared, red, and blue-green. Mars was about 127 million miles from Earth at the time of shooting.

PGC 1000714 was originally considered a common elliptical galaxy, but a more detailed analysis revealed the incredibly rare discovery of a hoag-type galaxy. It has a round core surrounded by two separate rings.

NASA spacecraft Cassini captured these images of the planet's mysterious hexagonal jetstream in December 2016. The hexagon was discovered in images captured by the Voyager probe in the early 1980s. It is estimated that it has a diameter that is wider than two earths.

A dead star emits a greenish glow in this Hubble Space Telescope image of the Crab Nebula, located about 6,500 light-years from Earth in the constellation Taurus. NASA has published the picture for Halloween 2016 and worked up the topic in his press release. The agency said that the "scary-looking object still has a pulse". In the center of the Crab Nebula is the crushed core or "heart" of an exploded star. The heart rotates 30 times a second, creating a magnetic field that generates 1 trillion volts, NASA said.

An international team of astronomers peering through the thick dust clouds of the galactic vault revealed the unusual mix of stars in the star cluster called Terzan 5. The new results show that Terzan 5 is one of the original building blocks of the Bulges, most likely the relic from the early days of the Milky Way.

The idea of ​​an artist of Planet Nine, who would be the farthest planet of our solar system. The similar cluster orbits of extreme objects on the edge of our solar system indicate that there is a massive planet.

A representation of the orbits of the new and previously well-known objects of the solar system. The accumulation of most of their orbits indicates that they are likely to be influenced by something massive and very distant, the proposed planet X.

Say hello to the dark galaxy Dragonfly 44. Like our Milky Way it has a halo of globular piles of stars around the nucleus.

A classic nova occurs when a white dwarf star gains over time matter from its secondary star (a red dwarf) and causes a thermonuclear reaction on the surface that eventually erupts into a single visible eruption. This leads to a 10,000-fold increase in brightness, which is shown here in an artistic representation.

Gravitational lenses and space warping are visible in this image of near and far galaxies taken by Hubble.

In the center of our galaxy, the Milky Way, researchers discovered an X-shaped structure in a cluster of stars.

Learn about UGC 1382: What astronomers thought was a normal elliptical galaxy (left) turned out to be a massive disk galaxy composed of different parts when viewed with ultraviolet and deep optical data (center and right). In a complete reversal of the normal galaxy structure, the center is younger than its outer spiral disk.

NASA's Hubble Space Telescope has captured this image of the Crab Nebula and its "beating heart," a neutron star to the right of the two bright stars in the center of the image. The neutron star pulsates 30 times per second. The rainbow colors are visible due to the movement of materials in the fog during the time lapse of the image.

The Hubble Space Telescope has taken a picture of a hidden galaxy that is weaker than Andromeda or the Milky Way. This low surface-brightness galaxy, called UGC 477, is over 110 million light-years away in the constellation of Pisces.

On April 19, NASA released new images of bright craters on Ceres. This photo shows the Haulani Crater, with traces of landslides on its edge. Scientists believe that some craters on the dwarf planet are bright because they are relatively new.

This illustration shows the millions of dust grains collected by NASA's Cassini spacecraft near Saturn. A few dozen of them seem to have come out of our solar system.

This image of the VLT Survey Telescope at ESO's Paranal Observatory in Chile reveals an astonishing concentration of galaxies known as the Fornax Cluster and hemisphere found in the south. In the center of this cluster, in the middle of the three bright spots on the left side of the image, is a cD galaxy – a galactic cannibal that has grown in size due to the inclusion of smaller galaxies.

This image shows the central region of the Tarantul Nebula in the large Magellanic Cloud. The young and dense star cluster R136, which contains hundreds of massive stars, is visible in the bottom right corner of the picture taken by the Hubble Space Telescope.

In March 2016, astronomers published an essay about strong red flashes from the V404 Cygni binary system in 2015. This illustration shows a black hole, similar to that in V404 Cygni, which devours material from a rotating star.

This image shows the elliptical galaxy NGC 4889, deeply embedded in the coma galaxy cluster. At the center of the galaxy is a gigantic supermassive black hole.

The impression of an artist of 2MASS J2126, which takes 900,000 years to circle its star, which is a trillion kilometers away.

Caltech researchers have found evidence of a giant planet following a bizarre, highly elongated orbit in the outer solar system. The object, called Planet Nine, has a mass about ten times the size of the Earth, and its orbit is on average about 20 times as far from the Sun as Neptune.

The impression of an artist, what a black hole might look like. In February, researchers in China claimed to have discovered a supermassive black hole 12 billion times the size of the Sun.

Are there oceans on Jupiter's Moons? The Juice probe shown in the impression of this artist is to find out this. Image courtesy of ESA / AOES

Astronomers have discovered powerful Auroras on a brown dwarf 20 light-years away. This is an artistic concept of the phenomenon.

Venus, bottom and Jupiter light brightly over Matthews, North Carolina on Monday, June 29th. The apparent encounter, known as conjunction, has shown a dazzling appearance in the summer sky. Although the two planets seem to be close together, they are actually millions of miles apart.

Jupiter's icy moon According to NASA, Europe is the best place in the solar system to search for extraterrestrial life. The moon is about the size of the Earth's Moon, and there is evidence that there is an ocean under its frozen crust that can absorb twice as much water as the Earth. NASA's budget for 2016 includes a $ 30 million request to plan a mission to investigate Europe. The picture above was taken on 25th November 1999 by the Galileo probe. It is a 12-frame mosaic and is considered to be the best image of the side of Europe that faces Jupiter.

This mist or gas and dust cloud is referred to as RCW 34 or chewing gum 19. The brightest areas you can see are the areas where the gas is heated by young stars. Finally, the gas burst like champagne after a bottle has been uncorked. Scientists call this champagne flow. This new image of the nebula was taken by the Very Large Telescope of the European Space Agency in Chile. RCW 34 stands in the constellation Vela in the southern sky. The name means "sail of a ship" in Latin.

The Hubble Space Telescope captured images of Jupiter's three great moons – Io, Callisto, and Europe – that passed by at once.

Astronomers have a powerful optics found a planetary body, J1407b, with rings that were 200 times the size of Saturn. This is an artistic representation of the rings of the planet J1407b, which put a star in the shade.

This image seems to lack a patch of stars from La Silla Observatory in Chile. However, the stars are still behind a cloud of gas and dust called Lynds Dark Nebula 483. The cloud is located about 700 light-years from Earth in the constellation Serpens (The Serpent).

This is the largest Hubble Space Telescope ever built. It is part of the galaxy next door, Andromeda (M31).

NASA has captured a stunning new image of the so-called "Pillars of Creation," one of the Space Agency's most iconic discoveries. The giant cold gas columns in a small region of the Eagle Nebula were made popular by a similar picture taken in 1995 by the Hubble Space Telescope.

Astronomers using Hubble space formed a picture showing a small section of space in the constellation of southern hemisphere Fornax. In this deep space image are 10,000 galaxies that go back in time a few hundred million years after the Big Bang.

The planetary nebula Abell 33 appears annular in this image, taken with the Very Large of the European Southern Observatory telescope. The blue bubble came about as an aging star stripped off its outer layers and a star in the foreground lined up to create a "diamond engagement ring" effect.

This Hubble image looks like a floating marble or a giant. disembodied eye. But it's actually a fog with a huge star in the middle. Scientists believe the star used to be 20 times more massive than our sun, but it dies and is destined to become a supernova.

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