Not so – a new paper published in Nature Communications Details 81 ancient settlements that stretched over 400,000 km 2 from southern Amazon and were rediscovered after hundreds of years.
According to the study, these sites would have been in use between the years 1944 and 1945 1250-1500 AD, with the size and extent of these settlements suggesting that a vast network of people lived and acted in the area.
This is a surprise – according to Dolores Piperno, who is not involved in the study:
"Prominent scholars thought that little of cultural significance ever occurred in a tropical forest. And the logical consequence of these beliefs was that people would never fell the woods, they should have been a kind of "noble savage." But those views were overturned, and tropical forests played a major role, even in agriculture. "
Rather than speculating that the area is deprived of human imprints, archaeologists assume that there could be hundreds more field offices and communities (19659008) Pre-Columbian builders built all along the southern edge of the Amazon
de Souza + https : //t.co/5Iv21ldSeW pic.twitter.com/6Q5wP2a8fF
– Garry Peterson (@resilienceSci) March 28, 2018
Vieru Twenty-two of the identified sites have now undergone significant surveys. Archeologists have been able to identify everyday tools, pottery, enriched soil for plant growth, and a lot of garbage, which proved that these small civilization towns were inhabited for a long time: the sites are easy to spot, thanks to Ditches created at their outer limits, probably to gain a form of protection that makes sense in the face of the many tribes in the area.
This was not a single community that spread across a vast area – according to Jonas Gregorio de Souza, the lead author of the study, This was a "mosaic of cultures" that left evidence that each of these small settlements had their own local Customs and practices, despite a healthy trade network that linked them all together.
These small groups would have somewhere between 500,000 and one million people, if current estimates and population density models are accurate.
This discovery is not unlike a similar find in Guatemala last year, where an area deemed completely untouched has made an incredible discovery in the form of a huge, sprawling city buried in the jungle for centuries.
It seems we were wrong in assuming that the ancient people of South America were less developed than their cousins over the Po; Once upon a time, the continent was covered in industry and civilization to compete with what happened in Europe at the same time.