قالب وردپرس درنا توس
Home / World / Archaeologists find the 5000 year old New York in Israel

Archaeologists find the 5000 year old New York in Israel



Jerusalem (CNN) – Archaeologists in Israel have uncovered the remains of an "immense" 5000 year old city, the Israeli Antiquities Authority said, highlighting a period in which the rural population of the region began to multiply urban centers.

Halfway between the cities of Tel Aviv and Haifa, the 160-hectare En Esur area was uncovered during roadworks at a new transportation hub in the town of Harish.

"Our area is more than two or three times larger than" The archaeologist Yitzhak Paz told CNN that these were the largest sites (in this area) during this period. "" Most sites were dug up on a very small scale while our site was dug up on a large scale. "

  Rare figures were found in a temple on the site.

Rare figures were found in a temple on the grounds.

Israel Antiquities Authority

At the Crossing two ancient trade routes with fertile soil and In both sources, the site was an excellent place for the development of antiquity.Archaeologists estimate that in the Bronze Age at the end of the 4th millennium BC about 6,000 people lived here.

"This is the Early Bronze Age New York of our region," archaeologists said in a joint statement, "a cosmopolitan and planned city where thousands of inhabitants live

The site was discovered at the top of an even older, 7,000-year-old settlement, which was excavated during excavations under the houses of the city.

Thousands of teenagers and volunteers helped with the excavations that began two and a half years ago.

Urban planning, street systems, public spaces, public structures and more, "said Paz.

At that time, the city was more than ten times larger than Jericho and was considered one of the oldest continuously occupied cities in the world According to Paz, Jericho covered 13 acres in the early Bronze Age, while the city covered En Asur 160 acres.
  Archaeologists discovered a large stone basin in the temple.

Archaeologists discovered a large stone basin in the temple.

Israel Antiquities Authority

In the public area of ​​the site, archaeologists discovered an "unusual" ritual temple with a large stone pool in the courtyard, apparently used during the performance of religious rituals.

Inside the temple, a building with burned animal bones made of animal sacrifices and rare figures was found from the site numerous small stone carvings of animals and a Schn a human head and a seal.

"Such a city could not develop without a guiding hand and an administrative mechanism behind it." said the archaeologists in their statement. "The impressive planning, the tools that were brought from Egypt to Israel, and the seal imprints prove this: this is a huge city – a big city in terms of the early Bronze Age, where thousands of inhabitants lived and traded with different regions and even with different cultures and empires. "

  The En Esur site covers 160 acres.

The site En Esur covers 160 acres.

Israel Antiquities Authority [19659008] Within a few centuries after the city reached its peak, however, the site was completely abandoned, Paz said. "There have been some researches that have attempted to investigate natural causes, such as the rise in water resources Humidity, which led to floods throughout the coastal plain, "said Paz." There is a possibility that the terrain was flooded and swamps made life unbearable. " There are no signs of violent destruction or a sudden natural disaster.

"We still need to find out the reasons for the task," he said.


Source link