ROME – El Salvador, Archbishop Óscar Romero, who is said to be on Sunday to cheer in St. Peter's Square, while watching the ceremony on Salvadoran capital
Pope Francis also canonized Pope Paul VI, who is credited with continuing to be heard by Pope John XXIII and who is bringing the Church into the Modern Era with a series of reforms from the Second Vatican Council in the 1960s.
In his Homily, Francis Archbishop Romero said, "even in his own safety, in order to give his life according to the gospel, close to the poor and to his people." Of the pope, he said, "Even in Christian totally. "
Francis, the first pope from Latin America, had made clear from the start of his papacy, in 2013, that he would champion the canonization cause of Archbishop Romero, who will now be known as Saint Óscar Romero.
On Sunday, Francis became the bloodstained cincture of the martyred archbishop, who was killed by a right-wing death squad on March 24, 1980, while celebrating Mass. Pope Paul VI
"Paul VI spent his life in Christ's Gospel, crossing the boundaries and becoming witnesses in proclamation and dialogue, a prophet of a church turned outward,
Archbishop Romero's path to sainthood was strewn with obstacles, which was perceived as his political motivations. Those reservations had been recaptured by the Vatican.
But that did not prevent others from acclaiming him as a hero. Every March 24, the United Nations celebrates a human rights on which "the important work and values" of Archbishop Romero are recognized. In July 1998, a statue of the archbishop was unveiled at Westminster Abbey in London, one of 10 "modern martyrs," including the Rev. dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
For decades, Archbishop Romero's legacy was obstructed because several powerful prelates saw him as a proponent of liberation theology, a movement focused on the poor that had been spawned by the Church's discussions on social justice in the 1960s. For conservatives, the movement is a thinly veiled adaptation of Marxist ideology manipulated by communist to foment revolution in Latin America.
The geopolitical backdrop of the Cold War wing forces in El Salvador against left-wing rebels, justifying the ensuing brutality as a necessary bulwark against encroaching communism. Some have called the archbishop a martyr of the cold war.
"Romero was not communist; he was not a man of the guerrilla; he was a pastor, "said Archbishop Vincenzo Paglia, president of Vatican's Pontifical Academy for Life and the promoter of the archbishop's cause. He said that it was "extraordinary" that: "Romero and Paul VI are canonized together, in effect, it is like theory In an interview, Archbishop Paglia said that Pope John Paul II had come to understand Archbishop Romero's message , "John Paul II saying."
Benedict XVI cleared the path to Archbishop Romero's sainthood shortly before resigning in 2013, and Francis fast- "We have to reclaim Romero, he is ours, he belongs to the church."
Archbishop Romero had been considered a Saint in El Salvador for decades.
"We knew this day would come – we did not know when, but we did Sister María del Carmen Guardado said: "Salvadorans who had traveled to Rome for what they described as a benediction from God."
Archbishop Romero was the country's first saint, she
The Rev. Fredis Sandoval also traveled to Rome's Sunday's ceremony, which many of his compatriots said they considered a sign that Archbishop Romero had been on the right side of history.
"As a pastor, he understood that to be the gospel Sandoval said, "The courageous and free pontiff who understood and supported Romero."
Father Sandoval, a member of Concertación Romero, wrote: Archbishop Romero's death to be public, said papal recognition should lead to justice being served.
Father Sandoval said, "Romero's humanity, goodness, and Christian piety, now the Salvadoran state has come to be open" and name his killers.
The Rev. Robert Pelton, 97, at expert in liberation theology and former missionary in Chile who traveled to Rome from Notre Dame, Ind., for the ceremony, said El Salvador carried a lot
"They were the movers at the time," he said. He added, "Hopefully, Romero wants to serve as a pastoral model for the bishops of Latin America."
Karina Morey and Renee Workman, both 15, had traveled to Rome from Fairfax, Va., To pay homage to their Catholic school's namesake: Paul VI. The pope's message resonates with young people, they said.
"It's progressive and present," said Ms. Morey.
Ms. Workman said, "Along with Archbishop Romero and Paul VI, Francis also canonized two diocesan priests, Francesco Spinelli and Vincenzo Romano; Maria Katharina Kasper and Nazaria of Saint Teresa of Jesus, two women who founded religious congregations; and Nunzio Sulprizio, an Italian man who died at 19 and who is often cited as an example of piety for young people.