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Home / Science / Astronomers discover Black Hole, which ejects plasma and rotates so fast that it carries along space-time

Astronomers discover Black Hole, which ejects plasma and rotates so fast that it carries along space-time



A black hole, nearly 8,000 light-years from Earth, has attracted astronomers for its peculiar, rickety nature.

Called Cygni V404, the black hole was discovered when it released fast plasma clouds in a way that scientists had not yet seen.

Like other black hole systems, the V404 sucked gas from a nearby star.

And while it became known that black holes spit out matter, researchers observed that V404 nozzles shoot plasma in rapid succession.

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  A black hole almost 8,000 light-years away from Earth has caught the eye of the astronomer because of its rickety nature. Called Cygni V404, it was discovered to emit fast plasma clouds.

A black hole, nearly 8,000 light-years from Earth, has attracted astronomers' attention because of its rickety nature. Called Cygni V404, it was discovered how fast plasma clouds were ejected

The scientists compared the strange phenomenon to the "wobble of a top" as it spun fast over a few hours.

The study, led by the International Center for Radio Astronomy (ICRAR), was published today in the journal Nature.

Scientists believe that the spinning jet originated from a misalignment between an accretion disk created by the matter of the star and the black hole.

During intense irradiation, the inner part of the accretion disk flowed into a donut-shaped structure, causing it to rotate like a top surface.

  The picture shows the impression of an artist from V404 Cygni, with the nearby star on the left side. The black hole in the middle pulls gas in the direction and ejects plasma in long nozzle streams.

The picture shows an artistic impression of V404 Cygni, with the nearby star on the left side. The black hole in the middle pulls gas in the direction and discharges plasma in long jet streams

  The impression of another artist shows the black hole system. Scientists believe that the spinning jet was the result of a misalignment between an accretion disk and the star

Another artist's impression is the black hole system. Scientists believe that the spinning jet resulted from a misalignment between the accretion disk and the star.

"This is one of the most extraordinary black hole systems I have ever encountered," said James Miller-Jones, a professor at Curtin University in Australia and principal author of the study, in a statement.

"Like many black holes, it attracts a nearby star that pulls gas away from the star and forms a disk of material that surrounds the black hole and spirals toward it under gravity.

  The picture shows the alternate orientation in Cygni, with each clock pointing the jet at another time (impression of the artist)

Pictured is the changing orientation in Cygni, with each clock pointing the jet at a different time (artist's impression)

"What's different in V404 Cygni is that we think the material disk and the black hole are misaligned. "

" That seems to be. "" The inner part of the disc wobbles like a spinning top and fires off rays when the orientation changes, "he added.

While As the black hole continued to spin, it drew space and time, also known as gravity.

Scientists did not discover Cygni until 1989 when, according to ICRAR, it triggered a massive burst of jets and radiation.

They located the system in the Cygnus constellation, which is about 7,800 light-years from Earth.

Cygni experienced another bright eruption in 2015, which lasted two weeks, which also struck astronomers.

They continued to watch the system with the Very Long Baseline Array, a network of radio telescopes, but they were only able to detect jet activity as a blur.

  The impression of an artist of twisted spacetime around the spinning black hole. As the black hole spins, the accretion disk "snaps" and creates a donut-like shape.

The impression of an artist of twisted spacetime around the spinning black hole. As the black hole spins, the accretion disk "snaps" and creates a donut-like shape.

"These jets changed so fast that we saw a blur in a four-hour image," Alex Tetarenko. In a statement, a co-author of the study and a doctoral student at the University of Alberta said.

"It was like trying to record a waterfall with a shutter speed of one second."

To see the phenomenon more clearly, they finally made 103 frames and put them together to make a movie.

Scientists hope that their findings will help them to understand other "extreme events" in the universe.

"Every time you have a misalignment between the rotation of a black hole and the material that penetrates the material, you would expect that when a black hole begins to feed very quickly," Gemma Anderson, a professor, said Curtin University and co-author of the study explains.

"This could be a whole host of other bright, explosive events in the universe, like supermassive black holes that feed very fast, or tidal perturbations when a black hole rips a star."

WHAT IS IN A BLACK HOLE?

Black holes are strange objects in the universe that get their name from the fact that nothing can escape their gravity, not even light.

If you come too close and cross the water – event horizon, the point where no light can escape, is also trapped or destroyed.

With small black holes you would never survive such rapprochement anyway.

The tidal forces near the event horizon are enough to stretch any matter until it is all atoms, which physicists call "spaghettification".

But for large black holes like the supermassive objects on the nuclei of galaxies like the Milky Way, which weighs tens, if not billions of times, the mass of a star, crossing the event horizon would be uneventful.

Because it should be possible to survive the transition from our world to the black hole world, physicists and mathematicians have long wondered what this world would look like.

They have turned to Einstein's Equation of General Theory of Relativity to predict the world within a black hole.

These equations work well until an observer reaches the center singularity, where in theoretical calculations the curvature of space-time becomes infinite.


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