Home / Science / Astronomers discover the & # 39; cosmic Yeti & # 39; galaxy from the early universe

Astronomers discover the & # 39; cosmic Yeti & # 39; galaxy from the early universe

This is an artistic depiction of how a giant galaxy from the early Universe might look. The rendering shows that star formation in the galaxy makes the surrounding gas glow. Picture of James Josephides / Swinburne Astronomy Productions, Christina Williams / University of Arizona and Ivo Labbe / Swinburne.

This is an artwork of the gas and dust around the star HD 1

63296. Gaps in the disk are probably the place of the baby's planets that form.

This is a two-color composite image of Comet 2I / Borisov taken on September 10th by the Twin Northern Telescope.

This illustration shows a young, forming planet in a "child-proof" star system.

Using a simulation, astronomers illuminate the faint gaseous filaments that make up the cosmic web in a massive cluster of galaxies.

The Hubble Space Telescope's wide field camera observed Saturn in June, when the planet approached it closest to Earth this year, at about 1.36 billion kilometers away.

An artistic impression of the massive radiation explosions of ionizing radiation exploding from the center of the Milky Way to the Magellan Current.

The Ata cama Large Millimeter / Submillimeter Array has captured this unprecedented image of two circumstellar disks on which baby stars grow and feed on the material of their surrounding birth disc.

This is an artistic representation of what a Neptune-sized Moon would look like when it orbits the gas giant exoplanet Kepler-1625b in a star system 8,000 light-years from Earth. It could be the first discovered Exomoon.

This infrared image of NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope shows a cloud of gas and dust full of bubbles inflated by the wind and radiation of massive young stars. Each bubble is filled with hundreds to thousands of stars formed by dense clouds of gas and dust.

This is an artistic representation of the path of the fast radio burst FRB 181112, which travels from a remote host galaxy to Earth. On the way, it passed the halo of a galaxy.

After getting too close to a supermassive black hole, the star in the concept of this artist is torn into a thin stream of gas, which is then pulled back around the black hole and collapses, producing a bright shock and hurling more hot stuff out.

Comparison of GJ 3512 with the solar system and other nearby red-dwarf planetary systems. Planets around solar mass stars can grow in a few million years, until they start to accumulate gas and become huge planets like Jupiter. However, we thought that small stars such as Proxima, TRAPPIST-1, Teegardern's Star and GJ 3512 could not form Jupiter Earth planets.

A collision of three galaxies has three supermassive black holes crashed together in a system one billion light-years from Earth.

2I / Borisov is the first interstellar comet observed in our solar system and only the second observed interstellar visitor to our solar system.

KIC 8462852, also known as Boyajian Star or Tabby Star, is 1,000 light-years away. It is 50% larger than our sun and 1000 degrees hotter. And it does not behave like any other star that dims and lightens sporadically. The dust around the star, shown here in the image of an artist, may be the most likely cause of his strange behavior.

This is the impression of an artist that the pulse of a massive neutron star is delayed by the passage of a white dwarf star between the neutrons star and earth. Because of this delay, astronomers have discovered the most massive neutron star yet.

The European Southern Observatory's VISTA telescope captured a stunning image of the Magellanic Cloud, one of our closest galactic neighbors. The near-infrared capability of the telescope shows millions of individual stars.

Astronomers believe that Comet C / 2019 Q4 could be the second known interstellar visitor to our solar system. It was first spotted on August 30 and taken on September 10, 2019 by the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope on Hawaii's Big Island.

A star named S0-2, depicted in the artist's illustration as a blue and green object. In 2018 it approached the supermassive black hole in the center of the Milky Way the closest. This was a test of Einstein's general theory of relativity.

This is a radio image of the galactic center of the Milky Way. The radio bubbles discovered by MeerKAT extend vertically above and below the plane of the galaxy.

A Kilanova was captured in 2016 by the Hubble Space Telescope, here next to the red arrow. Kilanovae are massive explosions that produce heavy elements like gold and platinum.

This is an artist's impression of a black hole that is about to swallow a neutron star. Detectors reported this possible event on August 14.

The image of this artist shows LHS 3844b, a nearby rocky exoplanet. It is 1.3 times Earth's mass and is orbiting a cool M dwarf star. The surface of the planet is probably dark and covered with cooled volcanic material, and there is no detectable atmosphere.

The concept of an artist exploding a massive star in a dense star environment.

The Galaxy NGC 5866 is 44 million light-years away from Earth. It seems flat because we can only see its edge in this image taken by NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope.

The Hubble Space Telescope has taken a dazzling new portrait of Jupiter showing its vivid colors and whirling cloud features in the atmosphere.

This is an artistic impression of the old massive and distant galaxies observed with ALMA.

Glowing gas clouds and newborn stars form the gull mist in one of the spiral galaxies of the Milky Way.

An artistic idea of ​​what the first stars looked like shortly after the Big Bang.

Spiral galaxy NGC 2985 is located approximately 70 million light-years from our solar system in the constellation Ursa Major.

Early in the history of the Universe, the Milky Way collided with a left dwarf galaxy that helped form the ring and structure of our galaxy as they are known today.

An artistic representation of a thin slice of black hole embedded in a supermassive in the center of the spiral galaxy NGC 3147, 130 million light-years away.

Hubble has taken this view of a spiral galaxy called NGC 972, which seems to be blooming with a new star formation. The orange glow comes when hydrogen gas responds to the intense light that streams out from nearby newborn stars.

This is the Quallenalaxie JO201.

The star system, Eta Carinae, located 7,500 light-years from Earth, experienced a major explosion in 1838 and the Hubble Space Telescope still captures the consequences. This new ultraviolet image reveals the warm glowing gas clouds that resemble fireworks.

& # 39; Oumuamua, the first observed interstellar visitor to our solar system, is shown in an artist illustration.

This is an artistic representation of ancient supernovae that bombarded Earth with cosmic energy millions of years ago.

Artistic representation of the Australian radio telescope SKA Pathfinder from CSIRO, which finds a rapid radio burst and determines its exact position.

The Whirlpool galaxy has been captured in different wavelengths of light. On the left is a visible photograph. The next image combines visible and infrared light, while the two show right wavelengths of infrared light.

Electrically charged C60 molecules in which 60 carbon atoms are located in a football-like hollow sphere were found by the Hubble Space Telescope in interstellar medium between star systems.

These are enlarged galaxies behind large galaxy clusters. The pink halos reveal the gas surrounding its distant galaxies and its structure. The gravitational lens effect of the cluster multiplies the images of the galaxies.

The image of this artist shows a blue quasar in the center of a galaxy.

The NICER detector on the International Space Station recorded nightly X-ray radiation for 22 months to generate this map of the entire sky.

NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope has taken up this mosaic of Cepheus C and Cepheus B star-shaped regions.

Galaxy NGC 4485 collided with its larger galactic neighbor NGC 4490 millions of years ago.

Astronomers developed a mosaic of the distant universe called Hubble Legacy Field, which documents 16 years of Hubble Space Telescope observations. The image contains 200,000 galaxies spanning 13.3 billion years to just 500 million years after the Big Bang.

View of a ground telescope on the Large Magellanic Cloud, an adjacent galaxy of our Milky Way galaxy. The inset was picked up by the Hubble Space Telescope and shows one of the star clusters in the galaxy.

One of the brightest planetary nebulae in the sky and the nebula NGC 7027, first discovered in 1878, is focused on the constellation of the swan.

The Asteroid 6478 Gault is featured on NASA's NASA / ESA Hubble Space Telescope and features two narrow, comet-like wreckage tails indicating that the asteroid is slowly self-destructing. The bright stripes surrounding the asteroids are background stars. The Gault asteroid is located 214 million miles from the Sun between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter.

The ghostly shell in this image is a supernova, and the glowing path that leads away from it is a pulsar.

Hidden in This cosmic bat, one of the darkest corners of the Orion constellation, spreads its hazy wings in interstellar space 2,000 light-years away. It is illuminated by the young stars that are at its core – although they are covered by opaque dust clouds, their bright rays still illuminate the fog.

In this illustration, several dust rings circle around the sun. These rings form when the gravities of the planets drag dust grains into orbit around the sun. Recently, scientists have discovered a dust ring in the orbit of Mercury. Others suggest that the source of Venus' dust ring is a group of previously uncovered co-orbital asteroids.

This is an artistic impression of globular clusters surrounding the Milky Way galaxy.

Artistic representation of life on a planet in orbit around a binary star system, visible as two suns in the sky.

An artistic representation of one of the most distant objects of the Solar System, 2018 VG18 – also known as "Farout". The pink hue indicates ice. We still have no idea what "FarFarOut" looks like.

This is an artist's concept of the tiny Moon Hippocamp discovered by the Hubble Space Telescope. With a diameter of only 32 kilometers, it could actually be a broken fragment of a much larger neighboring moon, Proteus, which is seen as a crescent in the background.

In this illustration, an asteroid (bottom left) breaks under the heavy gravity of LSPM J0207 + 3331, the oldest, coldest white dwarf known to be surrounded by a ring of dusty debris. Scientists believe that the system's infrared signal is best explained by two distinct rings consisting of dust delivered by decaying asteroids.

An artistic impression of the distorted and twisted Milky Way disc. This happens when the rotational forces of the massive center of the galaxy pull on the outer disk.

It is believed that this 1.3-kilometer (0.8-mile) Kuiper belt object was discovered by researchers at the edge of the solar system. The step between dust and ice balls and fully formed planets.

A selfie taken by NASA's Curiosity Mars rover on Vera Rubin Ridge before being moved to a new location.

The Hubble Space Telescope found a dwarf galaxy behind a hidden large cluster of stars located in our cosmic neighborhood. It is so ancient and original that researchers have referred to it as a "living fossil" from the early Universe.

How did massive black holes form in the early universe? The rotating disk of this halo of dark matter breaks up into three lumps, which collapse under their own gravity and form supermassive stars. These stars will collapse quickly and form massive black holes.

NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope has taken this picture of the Magellanic Cloud, a satellite galaxy for our own galaxy galaxy. Astrophysicists now believe that it could collide with our galaxy in two billion years.

A mysterious, bright object in the sky called "The Cow" was captured in real time by telescopes around the world. Astronomers believe that this could be the birth of a black hole, a neutron star, or a new class of objects.

An illustration shows the discovery of a repetitive rapid burst of radio from a mysterious spring 3 billion light-years from Earth.

Comet 46P / Wirtanen will cruise the Earth within 7 million miles on December 16th. Its ghostly green coma is the size of Jupiter, though the comet itself is about three-quarters of a mile in diameter.

This mosaic The image of the asteroid Bennu consists of 12 PolyCam images taken on 2 December by the OSIRIS-REx spacecraft from a distance of 24 km.

This image of a globular cluster of the Hubble Space Telescope is one of the oldest collections of stars known. The cluster, named NGC 6752, is more than 10 billion years old.

A picture of Apep taken with the VISIR camera at the Very Large Telescope of the European Southern Observatory. This "pinwheel" star system is most likely condemned to end in a long-lasting gamma-ray burst.

An artistic representation of the galaxy Abell 2597 showing the supermassive black hole ejecting cold molecular gas like the pump of a giant intergalactic well.

A picture of the wild duck pile, where each star is about 250 million years old.

These pictures show the final stage of a union of pairs of galactic nuclei in the chaotic nuclei of colliding galaxies.

Radio image of hydrogen gas in the small Magellanic cloud. Astronomers believe that the dwarf galaxy is slowly dying and will eventually be consumed by the Milky Way.

Further evidence of a supermassive black hole in the center of the Milky Way has been found. This visualization uses data from gas orbital motion simulations that spin around the black hole in a circular orbit at 30% of the speed of light.

Does that look like a bat to you? This huge shadow comes from a bright star, which reflects against the surrounding dust disk. Hey, Bennu! NASA's OSIRIS REx mission, on its way to the primitive asteroid Bennu, sends back images as it approaches its December 3 target.

These three panels reveal a supernova before, during and after 920 million lights years from Earth (from left to right). The Supernova iPTF14gqr is unusual because the star was massive, but its explosion was fast and weak. The researchers believe that this is due to a companion star that has destroyed its mass.

An artistic representation of Planet X that could form the orbits of smaller, extremely distant objects of the outer solar system, such as the 2015 TG387.

This is an artistic illustration concept, as SIMP J01365663 + 0933473 could look like. It has 12.7 times the mass of Jupiter, but a magnetic field 200 times stronger than that of Jupiter. This object is 20 light-years from Earth. It is on the border between the being of a planet and the being of a brown dwarf.

The Andromeda galaxy cannibalized and crushed the once-massive M32p galaxy, leaving behind this compact galaxy residue known as the M32. It is completely unique and contains a wealth of young stars.

Twelve new moons were found around Jupiter. This chart shows different groupings of the moons and their orbits, with the newly discovered ones being shown in bold.

Scientists and observatories around the world were able to trace a high-energy neutrino to a galaxy with a supermassive, fast-spinning black hole known as the blazar in its center. The galaxy is located in its constellation to the left of Orion's shoulder, about 4 billion light-years from Earth.

Planets not only appear from the air, but also require gas, dust, and other processes that astronomers do not fully understand. This is an artistic impression of how "infant" planets form around a young star.

These negative images of 2015 BZ509, circled yellow, show the first known interstellar object that has become an integral part of our solar system. The exo-asteroid was probably taken into our solar system 4.5 billion years ago by another star system. It was then in a declining orbit around Jupiter.

A close look at the diamond matrix in a meteorite that landed in Sudan in 2008. This is considered the first evidence of a protoplanet that contributed to the formation of terrestrial planets in our solar system.

2004 EW95 is the first carbon-rich asteroid whose existence in the Kuiper belt and a relic of the original solar system has been confirmed. This strange object was probably formed in the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter before being hurled billions of miles to its current home in the Kuiper Belt.

NASA / ESA's Hubble Space Telescope celebrates its 28th anniversary in space with this stunning and colorful object 4,000 light-years from Earth. While the entire nebula has a diameter of 55 light-years, this image shows only a part of about four light-years.

This is a more star-shaped view of the lagoon nebula using Hubble infrared functions. The reason why you can see more stars is that Infrared is able to penetrate the dust and gas clouds to reveal the fullness of the two young stars in the nebula as well as more distant stars in the background.

The Rosette Nebula is 5,000 light-years from Earth. The distinctive mist, which some claim to look more like a skull, has a hole in the middle that creates the illusion of a rose form.

This inner crater of a Martian crater features several of the seasonal dark stripes known as "recurring drop lines" (RSL), interpreted in a November 2017 report as grainy currents rather than drowning due to running water. The image comes from the HiRISE camera on NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter.

The depiction of this artist shows a supernova explosion that contains the luminosity of 100 million suns. Supernova iPTF14hls, which has exploded several times, is probably the most massive and long-lived ever seen.

This figure shows hydrocarbon compounds that break down into ice giants such as Neptune in carbon and hydrogen and turn into a "diamond (rain) shower."

This eye-catching picture shows the star kindergarten in the Orion Nebula, where stars are born. The red filament is a 50-light-long section of ammonia molecules. The blue represents the gas of the Orion Nebula. This image is a compilation of observations from the Robert C. Byrd Green Bank Telescope and the NASA Telescope to explore the infrared far-field. "We still do not know exactly how large gas clouds in our galaxy collapse to form new stars," said Rachel Friesen, one of the co-principal investigators of the collaboration. "Ammonia, however, is an excellent indicator of dense, star-shaped gas."

This is how Earth and Moon look like from Mars. The picture is made up of the best earth image and the best moon image taken on 20 November 2016 by NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. The orbiter's camera captures images in three wavelength ranges: infrared, red, and teal. Mars was about 127 million miles from Earth at the time of the survey.

PGC 1000714 was originally thought to be a common elliptical galaxy, but a more detailed analysis revealed the incredibly rare discovery of a Hoag galaxy. It has a round core surrounded by two separate rings.

The Cassini NASA spacecraft captured these images of the planet's mysterious hexagonal jet stream in December 2016. The hexagon was discovered in images taken by the Voyager spacecraft in the early 1980s. It is estimated that the diameter is larger than two earths.

In this Hubble Space Telescope image of the Crab Nebula, which is located in the constellation Taurus about 6500 light-years from Earth, a dead star glows greenish. NASA published the image for Halloween 2016 and took up the topic in their press release. The agency said the "scary-looking object still has a pulse". In the center of the Crab Nebula is the crushed core or "heart" of an exploded star. The heart rotates 30 times a second, creating a magnetic field that generates 1 trillion volts, according to NASA.

An international team of astronomers peering through the thick dust clouds of the galactic bulge uncovered the unusual mix of stars in the star cluster called Terzan 5. The new results show that Terzan 5 is one of the original building blocks of the bulge , most likely the relic of the early days of the Milky Way.

An artistic idea of ​​Planet Nine, which would be the farthest planet in our solar system. The similar cluster orbits of extreme objects at the edge of our solar system suggest that there is a massive planet.

A representation of the orbits of the new and previously known extremely distant objects of the solar system. The accumulation of most of their orbits suggests that they are likely to be influenced by something massive and very distant, the proposed planet X.

Welcome the dark galaxy Dragonfly 44. Like our Milky Way galaxy, it has a halo of globular clusters of stars around its core.

A classic nova arises when a white dwarf star receives matter from its secondary star (a red dwarf) over a period of time and triggers a thermonuclear reaction on the surface that eventually breaks out in a single visible eruption. This leads to a 10,000-fold increase in brightness, which is shown here in the rendering of an artist.

Gravitational lenses and spatial distortions are visible in this Hubble image of near and far galaxies.

In the center of our galaxy, the Milky Way, researchers discovered an X-shaped structure within a cluster of stars.

Meet UGC 1382: What astronomers thought was a normal elliptical galaxy (left) turned out to be a massive disk galaxy consisting of different parts when viewed with ultraviolet and deep optical data (center and right). In a complete reversal of the normal galaxy structure, the center is younger than its outer spiral disk. NASA's Hubble Space Telescope has captured this image of the Crab Nebula and its "beating heart," which is a neutron star to the right of the two bright stars in the center of the image.

The neutron star pulsates 30 times per second. The rainbow colors are visible due to the movement of materials in the fog that occurs during the time lapse of the image.

The Hubble Space Telescope took a picture of a hidden galaxy that is weaker than Andromeda or the Milky Way. This low surface-brightness galaxy, called UGC 477, is found in the constellation Pisces at over 110 million light-years away.

On April 19, NASA released new images of bright craters on Ceres. This photo shows the Haulani Crater with its landslide edge. Scientists believe that some craters on the dwarf planet are bright because they are relatively new.

This illustration shows the millions of dust grains collected by the NASA spacecraft Cassini near Saturn. A few dozen of them seem to have come from outside our solar system.

This image from the VLT survey telescope at ESO's Paranal Observatory in Chile shows an astonishing concentration of galaxies known as the Fornax cluster and located in the south hemisphere. In the center of this cluster, in the middle of the three bright spots on the left side of the image, is a cD galaxy – a galactic cannibal that has grown in size by eating smaller galaxies.

This picture shows the central region of the Tarantul Nebula in the large Magellanic Cloud. The young and dense cluster of stars R136, which contains hundreds of massive stars, can be seen in the lower right corner of the image of the Hubble Space Telescope.

In March 2016, astronomers published an article on strong red flashes from the V404 Cygni binary system in 2015. This illustration shows a black hole, similar to that in V404 Cygni, which devours material from a rotating star.

This image shows the elliptical galaxy NGC 4889, deeply embedded in the coma galaxy cluster. At the center of the galaxy is a gigantic supermassive black hole.

An artistic representation of the 2MASS J2126, which takes 900,000 years to circle its star at a distance of 1 billion kilometers.

Caltech researchers have found evidence that a giant planet pursues a bizarre, highly elongated orbit in the outer solar system. The nicknamed Planet Nine has a mass about ten times that of Earth, and on average about twenty times as far from the Sun as Neptune.

An artistic impression of what a black hole might look like. In February, researchers in China said they discovered a supermassive black hole 12 billion times the size of the Sun.

Are there any oceans on one of the Jupiter moons? The juice probe, which can be seen in the imprint of this artist, should find out. Courtesy of ESA / AOES

Astronomers have discovered powerful Aurors on a 20-yd Brown Dwarf. This is an artistic concept of the phenomenon.

Venus, Soil, and Jupiter light brightly over Matthews, North Carolina on Monday, June 29th. The seemingly close encounter, called conjunct, has created a dazzling appearance in the summer sky. Although the two planets seem to be close together, they are actually millions of miles apart.

Jupiter's icy moon According to NASA, Europe may be the best place in the solar system to search for extraterrestrial life. The moon is about the size of the earth's moon, and there is evidence that there is an ocean beneath its frozen crust that may contain twice as much water as the earth. NASA's 2016 budget provides for $ 30 million for the planning of a mission to investigate Europe. The above picture was taken by the Galileo spacecraft on November 25, 1999. It is a 12-frame mosaic and is considered to be the best image of Europe's side facing Jupiter so far.

This fog or cloud of gas and dust is called RCW 34 or Gum 19. Die hellsten Bereiche, die Sie sehen können, sind die Bereiche, in denen das Gas von jungen Sternen erhitzt wird. Schließlich platzte das Gas wie Champagner nach dem Entkorken einer Flasche. Wissenschaftler nennen diesen Champagnerfluss. Dieses neue Bild des Nebels wurde vom Very Large Telescope der Europäischen Weltraumorganisation in Chile aufgenommen. RCW 34 steht im Sternbild Vela am südlichen Himmel. Der Name bedeutet auf lateinisch "Segel eines Schiffes".

Das Hubble-Weltraumteleskop hat Bilder von Jupiters drei großen Monden – Io, Callisto und Europa – aufgenommen, die gleichzeitig vorbeiziehen.

Astronomen verwenden eine leistungsstarke Optik fanden einen planetenähnlichen Körper, J1407b, mit Ringen, die 200-mal so groß sind wie die des Saturn. Dies ist eine künstlerische Darstellung der Ringe des Planeten J1407b, die einen Stern überdecken.

Auf diesem Bild des La Silla-Observatoriums in Chile scheint ein Fleckchen Sterne zu fehlen. Die Sterne befinden sich jedoch immer noch hinter einer Gas- und Staubwolke namens Lynds Dark Nebula 483. Die Wolke befindet sich in der Konstellation Serpens (Die Schlange) etwa 700 Lichtjahre von der Erde entfernt.

Dies ist das größte Hubble-Weltraumteleskop-Bild aller Zeiten gebaut. Es ist ein Teil der Galaxie nebenan, Andromeda (M31).

Die NASA hat ein atemberaubendes neues Bild der sogenannten "Pillars of Creation" aufgenommen, einer der bekanntesten Entdeckungen der Weltraumagentur. Die riesigen kalten Gassäulen in einer kleinen Region des Adlernebels wurden durch ein ähnliches Bild populär gemacht, das 1995 vom Hubble-Weltraumteleskop aufgenommen wurde.

Astronomen, die den Hubble-Weltraum nutzten, setzten dieses Bild zusammen, das einen kleinen Ausschnitt des Weltraums zeigt in der südlichen Hemisphäre Sternbild Fornax. In diesem Weltraumbild befinden sich 10.000 Galaxien, die bis einige hundert Millionen Jahre nach dem Urknall zurückreichen.

Der Planetarische Nebel Abell 33 erscheint in diesem Bild ringförmig und wurde mit dem Very Large des European Southern Observatory aufgenommen Fernrohr. Die blaue Blase entstand, als ein alternder Stern seine äußeren Schichten ablegte und ein Stern im Vordergrund sich darauf ausrichtete, um einen "Diamant-Verlobungsring" -Effekt zu erzeugen.

Dieses Hubble-Bild sieht aus wie ein schwebender Marmor oder vielleicht ein Riese. körperloses Auge. Aber es ist tatsächlich ein Nebel mit einem riesigen Stern in der Mitte. Wissenschaftler glauben, dass der Stern früher 20-mal so massereich war wie unsere Sonne, aber er stirbt und in die Supernova übergeht.

Zusammengesetztes Bild von B14-65666 zeigt die Verteilung von Staub (rot), Sauerstoff (grün) und Kohlenstoff (blau), beobachtet von ALMA und Sterne (weiß), beobachtet vom Hubble-Weltraumteleskop.

Künstlerische Darstellung der verschmelzenden Galaxien B14-65666 in 13 Milliarden Lichtjahren Entfernung.

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