European Union and European Union negotiators have decided that by 2030, new car emissions will decrease by 37.5 percent compared to 2021. This was announced by the Austrian Council Presidency. For light commercial vehicles, a CO2 reduction of 31 percent was agreed. As an interim target, a reduction of 15 percent should be achieved in both vehicle classes by 2025.
The targets achieved in a conciliation procedure are much sharper than the automotive industry and the German government originally demanded. At the beginning of October, the EU states pleaded for a reduction in the CO2 value of new cars and light commercial vehicles by an average of 35 percent. Germany contributed to the goal at that time, although the Federal Government ̵
The targets are intended to help achieve the European Union's overall climate goals and reduce emissions from road transport. Recently, the carbon dioxide emissions of new cars in Germany has fallen – but the emissions of all cars together increased.
Manufacturers would have to produce more electric cars
The new target values can only be achieved if manufacturers, in addition to diesel and petrol, more and more vehicles without emissions sell – for example, pure electric cars. That is the only way they can create their overall cut. But they have to rebuild their production. The Federal Government fears job losses if the switch to new drives is completed too quickly. Proponents of strong values argue that European carmakers could compete with China and create new jobs.
To date, the EU has stated that new cars should not emit more than 95 grams of carbon dioxide per kilometer in the fleet average of 2021. From this base, the reduction should follow. But the current specification for many manufacturers is not yet within reach: the European average was 118.5 grams. All in all, around a quarter of all greenhouse gases in the EU are from traffic, with cars and trucks accounting for the largest share.
What motorists can do against rising CO2 emissions.
Before the last round of EU negotiators, the European manufacturers' association Acea once again vigorously warned against too sharp targets. "If it pushes for over-zealous CO2 reduction, the EU risks making cars too expensive for people with limited resources," the association said. Recent protests in France and Belgium have shown that the pace of change needs support from society.