Good mothers are on the same wavelength as their babies … literally: brain scans show that toddlers learn better when parents "synchronize" with them by smiling and maintaining eye contact.
- The brain activity of mothers and babies synchronizes when the child learns actively
- Babies respond to social signals from the mother such as eye contact and smile
- The child's reactions to objects and influenced their brain patterns.
- Brain Pattern Studies in Concert Tell Us How Our Brain Works Learn Socially
Good mothers teach their babies best when they think along the same wavelength – literally:
Scans have shown that infants whose patterns are the same Brain activity is the closest
Experts say that parents can promote this "synchronization" called "neuronal synchronization" through social signals such as smile and eye contact.
This reflection of brainwave patterns was a good predictor of how well babies learn from their environment, researchers say.
A mother who smiles or frowns on an object to express a baby's brain activity influences how it affects researchers respond to a new toy.
The findings may provide insight into social attachments and developmental disabilities, including ways to improve learning in early years.
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Mothers who communicate with their babies may find that even their brainwaves are in sync. The interaction between mother and child, which causes the child to learn about their social environment, caused the brainwaves to follow the same pattern (picture).
Dartmouth College researchers announced the results of the Cognitive Neuroscience Society (CNS) study. Annual convention in San Francisco.
They were introduced to the brain activity of both babies and their mothers while wearing wireless EEG headsets during active play.
The researchers found that the neural activity of babies and their mothers was a good indicator of how well they learned about new toys.
"Social brains interact like a dance in which the partners take their own steps, but coordinate, constantly adapt and adapt." Thalia Wheatley from the University, who is leading a symposium on the subject at the CNS.
In each experiment, the headsets worn by the mother and child followed their brain activity while the couple played with toys.
Dr. Victoria Leong of the University of Cambridge, who contributed to the study, said, "We found that stronger neural synchrony predicted a higher probability of the child's social learning."
Babies watched their mother show either a positive or a negative sense of a toy.
These clues could smile or frown on the toy and express it with or by saying aloud, "I like that" or "I do not like that" over the object.
These emotional responses influenced their children's decisions to interact with the toys and their brainwave activities.
The researchers found that social signals such as eye contact with the baby have increased synchrony in the pair's brain patterns and better learning for the baby.
What exactly leads to neural synchronization, however, is still unknown.
Cambridge researchers discovered how well babies 'neural activity synchronizes with their mothers' mothers as they predict when playing the game, how well they learn about new toys. Neuronal synchrony is when two-person brain waves follow predictable patterns in relation to each other (image)
HOW LEARN BABIES?
Babies have the ability to see faces and objects of various shapes, sizes and colors. You can tell the difference between the voices of their parents and others.
Even before a baby is born, the language learning process has already begun.
In the third trimester of pregnancy, when the child's ears are sufficiently developed, the intonation patterns of the mother tongue are transmitted through the fluid to the womb.
It is as if one were listening to someone talking in the swimming pool: it is difficult to recognize the individual noises, but the rhythm and intonation are clear. This has an important influence on language learning.
At the time of the birth of a child, she already prefers the language of her mother. At this point, the child can identify the language based on his intonation patterns.
Dr. Leong said, "When we neural connect with others, we open up to receive information and influence from others."
"There is no substitute for being physically present and connecting with an infant at the moment."
Dr. Leong added that the work is of great importance for learning in the classroom, for social bonding and for developmental disorders.
"I am interested in understanding what happens when parents or children do not synchronize what can happen with certain mental disorders and developmental disorders, and what effect this has on learning and development in the longer term
The latest findings are part of the recent exploration of the social side of the brain, which sheds light on how our brains interact with others. "
Dr. Wheatley said," There is a huge knowledge gap about it how our brain works with other minds. "
" We are this massively social species, and yet the field of neuroscience has grown the isolated brain is concentrated. "
Classical neuroimaging studies using MRI scans tend to put people in isolated brain scanners that are meaningless to the real world.
Dr. Wheatley is working on new methods to understand how brains behave in a social context, including scenarios that allow people in fMRI scanners to communicate with each other at different locations simultaneously.