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Bees: Many British pollinating insects in decline, study shows



 Bees

Image copyright
Steven Falk

Image caption

There are winners (left – ashy mining bee) and losers (right ̵
1; red-shanked carder bee)
                

A third of British wild bees and hoverflies are in decline, according to a new study.

The study found "winners

Scientists warn. "and" losers "among hundreds of wild bees and hoverflies.

Common species are being lost at the expense of rare ones

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Steven Falk
World's biggest bee found alive

  • 19659004] Image caption

    Winner: Lobe-spurred furrow bee. Once a rare species, the data suggests a five-fold increase since 1980
                    Image copyright

    Lucy Hulmes

    Image caption

    Winner: Tree bumblebee. Colonized mainland Britain in 2001. Since then it has been spreading rapidly
                    

The study looked at trends in 353 wild bees and hoverflies in Scotland, England and Wales over 33 years from 1980.

A third of the species experienced declines in terms of areas where they were found, while about 10% became more abundant, including bees that pollinate flowering crops, such as oil seed rape.

While some pollination is carried out by honeybees in hives, much of the pollination of crops and wild plants is carried out by their wild relatives and other insects, especially hoverflies.

Dr Gary Powney of the Center for Ecology and Hydrology (CEH) in Wallingford, Oxfordshire, said during the increase in key crop pollinators is "good news", species have declined overall.

"It would be

"If anything happens to them in the future, there will be other species to step up and fulfill the essential role of crop pollination. "

The Losses were concentrated among the rare, specialized species. Dr Nick Isaac, of the Center for Ecology and Hydrology (CEH) in Wallingford, Oxfordshire, said this was "particularly bad news if you're interested in wildlife and conservation."

The "losers" include solitary bees, which live in burrows in the ground, and upland, living on mountains and moorlands. Among the "winners" are 22 of the most important crop pollinators.

Image copyright
Mike Edwards

Image caption

Loser: Smooth-gastered furrow bee. Found in southern areas visiting blackthorn flowers in spring. Figures suggest a decline of 40%
                

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Steven Falk

Image caption

Loser: Large shaggy bee. Found in coastal regions of Southern England and Wales, the species has declined by more than 54%
                

Experts say the increase in some common species is set against a background of an overall loss of diversity.

"Every square kilometer in the UK has lost an average of 11 species of bee and hoverfly, between 1980 and 2013, according to the new analysis," said Dr Lynn Dicks of the University of East Anglia.

She said the pattern of biodiversity loss is happening everywhere we look.

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    Matt Shardlow, chief executive of the charity Buglife, said the pollinators are in trouble and that the health of our environment and food supply

    "Solitary bees, rare bees and bees and hoverflies that are live in the uplands are in particular trouble and urgent need help," he said.

    The research is based on an analysis of more than 700,000

    What does it mean?

    What does it mean? ing the decline?

    The scientists think habitat loss is likely key. Other possible factors include climate change – which could be due to impact on upland and northern species.

    They say the relative success of some species could be put into place by farmers, such as sowing wildflower strips. [19659007] Or this might be because much more oilseed rape is grown now than in 1980.

    Another factor is the use of insecticides.

    In 2013, the European Union introduced a temporary ban on the widespread use of insecticides known as neonicotinoids in light of evidence

    The researchers say. [19659101] The researchers say

    The loss.

    They are continuing to call for pollinating insects.

    The loss of insects has far-reaching consequences for entire ecosystems.

    A recent scientific review of insect numbers in the world that said 40% of species were undergoing "dramatic rates of decline" , with bees, ants and beetles disappearing eight times faster than mammals, birds or reptiles.

    Previous studies have found losses of butterflies, moths, beetles, bees and hoverflies across the UK.

    The study is published in the journal Nature Communications.

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