"Earthrise" was captured at Christmas 50 years ago, and it is one of the most iconic images of the 20th century, except 19459007. The picture gave us the idea that we went to the moon and discovered the earth. But there are so many other novelties that Apollo 8 has brought us. I thought we should take a look at some of the less acclaimed but still absolutely incredible pictures of Apollo 8.
] But who made this iconic Apollo 8 Earthrise image?
A Brief History of the Mission
Launched on December 21, 1968. Apollo 8 was the first time men – especially astronauts Frank Borman, Jim Lovell and Bill Anders – walked to the moon.
It was not a mission NASA had originally planned for. The agency intended to start air travel with increasing difficulty in alphabetical order. The "A" was an unmanned launch of the Command and Service Module (CSM) on a Saturn V rocket in Earth orbit (which turned out to be Apollo's 4 and 6). The "B" mission would repeat the same mission with a Lunar Module (LM) (Apollo 5). The "C" mission would be a manned A mission (Apollo 7), the "D" mission a manned B mission (Apollo 9), then the "E" mission would fly in a high elliptical orbit. The "F" mission would go to the Moon for a dress rehearsal (Apollo 10) and the "G" mission would try to land (which fell on Apollo 11).
Things were not going according to plan. in short, because the lunar landing module lagged behind schedule. Apollo 8 was supposed to be a "D" mission, but without a Lunar Module that was still in development, this mission could not fly. The solution was to make it a "C-prime" mission – flying to the moon without the lunar module. Instead of going all the way, just to turn around and come back, NASA decided to test the orbital section of the Apollo missions by bringing Apollo 8 into orbit for 10 revolutions before coming home.
Sun Apollo 8 was the first to bring men to the Moon with a Saturn V, which meant that for the first time humans had seen Earth from the Moon, but also for the first time a close-up of the Moon.
The less common pictures of Apollo 8
From the start. While this is a fairly common image, it's beautiful and also the first time that men have launched the massive Saturn V rocket.
Humans had seen the Earth from space before Apollo 8, but the view never gets old.
Apollo 8 was the first time humans saw Earth retreat. And some of these mid-Trans-Atlantic coastal images (also known halfway to the moon) are absolutely stunning. And my personal favorites? The pictures that are not perfectly framed. This is something as human as you can feel. The crew was in a hurry and excited to capture this amazing sight for the first time in human history.
Then Of course, Apollo 8 went into orbit around the Moon on December 24 and received the first glimpse of our satellite. This was one of the dozens of dozens of pictures taken in Lunar Orbit.
Another view from the orbit of the moon, which may seem familiar to you, is this, a less perfectly framed picture of the earth rising above the horizon of the moon All the earth is there, but the windowsill reminds you that this was taken by three pilots o rattled to catch something awe – inspiring there is such a subtle human element here (I have a similar attitude of Apollo 11 to mine) Wall, signed by Mike Collins!)
On leaving the Moon, Apollo 8 received this incredible view of the Moon Terminator, the line in which the moon day in the night passes. I mean, look at the details in these craters!
This is a strange thing, but I kind of love it. A photo experiment allowed the crew to photograph the moon through color filters. It's just a bit scary, but also fantastic. (They also took some with a blue filter.)
One last homecoming, the so-called transearth coast, is one of my favorites. Looking at the returning moon always makes me sad. I know that the crew was happy to be at home and from the environment where everything is trying to kill you, you are, but I love the adventure of going there and getting sad when it's time to to come home! With the small window sill in the picture, I love the memory that people and not robots went to the moon.
I can not write about Apollo 8 without mentioning the Christmas controversy. On December 24, the crew broadcast a live television program from the Moon and read Genesis. And the people were outraged. And people are still outraged! For me personally, as someone who is not a Christian faith but loves history, I see it as a historical event, plain and simple, worth remembering, because it was the first time people turned to the moon went. Here is a summary of the reading and the resulting lawsuit in a couple of older videos.
Happy Apollo 8th Anniversary, all together! And if you want to take a closer look at the mission, I recommend Apollo 8 by Jeff Kluger – an incredible book from one of my writing inspirations.