With some of Earth's most powerful telescopes and supercomputers, Japanese researchers have discovered black holes that could rewrite the world's astronomy textbooks.
Takuma Izumi, a researcher at the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan (NAOJ), led a team of astronomers who studied the theoretical "donut" shaped structures on the gaping mouth of the supermassive black holes of the universe.
The team aimed the Atacama Large Millimeter / Submillimeter Array (ALMA) at the central black hole in the Circinus Galaxy, about 14 million light-years from Earth.
The team then compared the observations to a Cray-created Simulation XC30 ATERUI supercomputer and discovered that the gas rings around supermassive black holes, millions or even billions of times the size of our sun, were found in the centers of galaxies. not quite the simple theoretical donut forms were.
Instead, the gas ejected from the black holes joins in with additional gas falling inward, creating a circular pattern not unlike the water in a public drink. [1
When it does fall, it heats up until the molecules dissolve into their atoms and ions, which are then ejected up and down the disk.
The hot atomic gas, which is fired upwards, falls back onto the disk and creates a three-dimensional structure.
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" By studying the motion and distribution of both the cold molecular gas and the warm atomic gas with ALMA, we were able to turn the space Origin of the so-called "donut" structure to demonstrate active black holes. " Izumi said in a press release. "Based on this discovery, the astronomy textbooks must be rewritten."
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