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Home / Science / Black holes are surrounded by a confused confusion of fuzz, not a firewall, says physicist

Black holes are surrounded by a confused confusion of fuzz, not a firewall, says physicist



Recent research into the nature of black holes suggests that these regions of immense gravity are not as ruthless as some experts suggest.

Ohio State University scientists even say black holes are nothing more than huge harmless orbs of cosmic strings that produce imperfect copies of everything that falls into them.

This contradicts a previous argument by other experts who said that black holes are enveloped in a curtain of energy that illuminates whatever crosses its boundary. [19659004] Black Holes Are Massive Fuzzballs of Energy

In a new paper published in Journal of High Energy Physics a team of physicists headed by Samir Mathur of OSU says that black holes are massive fuzzballs are those who get more mass when they suck in more objects.

It is said that when an object is dragged to the event horizon, to the point where there is nothing back which comes too close, the blurred surface of the black hole rises to hit the object before it reaches the part of the hottest radiation can.

Black holes are regions of space with extreme appeal. Even when light falls, it does not fail. They emerge from the death of supermassive stars, which condense all this material into a small, super-dense core. Scientists believe that black holes compress any object they attract into infinite density.

Hawking's Information Paradox

Mathur and his team believe that their fuzzball theory provides the best explanation for Stephen Hawking's information paradox.

Hawking in the 1

970s said that any object falling into a black hole could never escape. Unfortunately, this is in complete contradiction to a fundamental principle of quantum mechanics, which states that information can never be destroyed.

In 2003, Mathur introduced the idea that black holes have defined surfaces that are covered with fuzzy energy chains. Objects that are attracted by the strong attraction of a black hole do not really fall into the object; they fall for it.

Hawking later acknowledged that objects falling into a black hole would not be destroyed. They just become part of the black hole, which means that every black hole is a unique result of all the objects that fall into it.

Firewall Theory

Building on Mathur's earlier work, scientists at the University of California, Santa Barbara, came to a different conclusion. They suggested that black holes are surrounded by a firewall instead of a blurry curtain. Any object that travels too close will be burnt to a crisp as it enters the ring of fire.

So they came to this conclusion. Hawking and colleague Jacob Bekenstein observed that black holes exude a gentle glow. This was done from entangled pairs of particles near the event horizon.

For every particle that is emitted, it has a pair that is sucked into the event horizon. Ultimately, however, the continuous radiation will have the black hole that shoots out all the particles, meaning that all the information was not destroyed.

The problem occurs when quantum mechanics is considered. For every entangled particle escaping as radiation, it requires an entangled pair to fall into it. One particle can only be involved with another particle at a time. However, if information is not destroyed, the particle must be entangled with more than one particle, causing the information paradox.

Proponents of the firewall theory argue that particles escaping from the black hole are entangled with more than one particle. The entanglement, however, breaks the second that forms it. This creates, they say, enormous amounts of energy that create a deadly border that destroys every penetrating object.

Overriding the firewall theory

"The firewall argument seemed to be a quick way to prove that something is burning through the horizon," says Mathur. "But we see now that there can not be such a fast dispute, what happens can only be decided by detailed calculations in string theory."

String theory attempts to marry Einstein's theory of relativity and quantum mechanics to explain how the universe works , He suggests the radical idea that the universe is made up of vibrating strands of subatomic energy that always changes shape.

According to Mathur, there is no way to decide how he will feel when a person gets caught up in strands. In 2015, Mathur said the world could go through a black hole and nobody would know anything about what was going on. The black hole would simply create an imperfect copy of the world, and both would persist as before.

The debate on the Fuzzball / Firewall issue has enormous implications for the study of physics. If black holes are indeed fuzzballs that produce copies of everything that touches their surface, the universe could actually be a hologram sitting on a surface in more dimensions than we know

"If the surface of a black hole is one Firewall is The idea of ​​the universe as a hologram must be wrong, "said Mathur.


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