The military veteran known as Soldier F was charged with murdering demonstrators James Wray and William McKinney and attempting to kill four other men, the director of the Prosecutor's Office for Northern Ireland said Thursday.
Bloody Sunday was one of the darkest episodes in Northern Ireland's Troubles. On January 30, 1972, troops fired at unarmed demonstrators on a civil rights march in Derry, also known as Londonderry, killing 13 people and injuring 15. An injured man died four months later.
The families of the victims have been fighting the former soldiers for decades to face justice. Relatives were obviously angry after the announcement of the decision.
Attorney Ciaran Shiels, a lawyer for some of them, said they were "disappointed that not all those responsible are in court," the PA reported.
-changer in Northern Ireland
The march had been banned by the Northern Ireland Police and British Army, but the organizers wanted a peaceful demonstration and avoided the confrontation of the barricades with the well-armed soldiers.
Journalist and author Eamonn McCann, one of the organizers of the march, recalls how bullets were fired that had to hide in the gutter and escaped to escape.
Although upheavals had become routine for Derry's youth, McCann describes the impact of Bloody Sunday as a game changer in Northern Ireland. And it changed the Catholic view at that time.
"The innocence was gone, and the possibility of a reformist … solution to what was going on in Northern Ireland was greatly reduced, if not destroyed, by Bloody Sunday," McCann said.
McCann said, "Killings are an immediate catalyst in the violence that claimed 3500 lives in the 25 years of the Good Friday Agreement of 1
Victims' families were stunned by the day's events, not just loss from their relatives, but by the assertion of the army that the people in the crowd had fired the first shot.
The soldiers said they acted on orders and gave fire to what they suspected to be enemy armed attackers.
The military investigation shortly after Bloody Sunday, known as the Widgery Report, concluded that the soldiers had done nothing wrong, and this was the accepted history of government for many years.
Over time, the families of victims were organized, used for justice and more than 25 years after the killings As in Nordi signed a peace agreement, the British Government committed itself to a comprehensive investigation.
Under the direction of Lord Saville, the investigation lasted 12 years, with 435 days of oral evidence alone. An estimated 125,000 pages of evidence were involved in more than 2,000 witnesses.
It cost a quarter of a billion dollars and its conclusions, which British Prime Minister David Cameron had announced in 2010, brought the people in Derry cheers. especially the families of the victims.