The United Nations warned of a humanitarian crisis in the northwestern Syrian province of Idlib when the Western powers called on Syria and its allies to assure Russia that attacks on hospitals and schools would cease.
Speech to a UN Security Council At a meeting on Friday, United Nations Humanitarian Affairs Coordinator Mark Lowcock said that concerns over the escalating situation in Idlib have persisted for months.
"Last September, he (United Nations Secretary General) stressed that it was absolutely necessary to avoid a full-scale fight in Idlib and warned against triggering a humanitarian nightmare unlike anything we have seen in Syria," said Lowcock.
"When I briefed you on September 1
The city council met in an emergency meeting to discuss the fighting in the Idlib region, which set off the alarm for an impending sweeping attack that could lead to a humanitarian catastrophe.
The meeting in New York took place as follows: White Helmets, a volunteer rescue team operating in rebel-held parts of Syria, reported that at least six people in 15 other wounded were killed in air strikes by pro-government forces in Idlib.
Four civilians in Maarat al-Numan and two others in nearby Kafarruma were killed, the Syrian news agency SANA said. Syrian air defense batteries in Damascus intercepted incoming projectiles from Israel and crushed a number of them.
Residents said loud explosions were heard in the capital while state television showed footage of the night sky with a point of light firing into the sky and the sound of gunfire. There was no immediate notification of victims or property damage, and no immediate response from Israel.
"We Need Answers"
The violence in Idlib has practically brought a ceasefire, negotiated by Russia and Turkey since September, to virtual standstill.  Russia strongly supported Assad's government in the eight-year war, while Turkey supported the rebel factions.
Over the last three weeks, more than 180,000 people have been displaced due to recent violence, according to Lowcock. Up to 160 people were killed.
In the meantime, at least 18 hospitals and clinics have been destroyed or damaged by air raids and bombardment, several of which were "un-targeted" on UN lists indicating the exact locations of health facilities. The belligerent side, said the UN Auxiliary to the Council.
According to Lowcock, 49 health centers had partially or fully ceased their activities, some for fear of attack, while 17 schools had been damaged or destroyed and many more had been closed down.
After the attacks were over, Britain and the United States urged Russia and Syria to reassure the Council that the situation would not continue.
"Russia and Syria are the only countries that fly aircraft in the region," British Ambassador Karen Pierce told the council. "I think we need answers today."
"If the Russian and Syrian Air Forces respond, I urge both Ambassadors here today to reassure us that the attacks will cease."
The current US ambassador to the United Nations said Russia and Syria were responsible for attacks on health facilities and it was "most alarming" that some were on the "non-target" list. Editor James Bays Said the members of the Council felt the need to address Idlib in an open session after attempts to tackle it behind closed doors failed.
"Some council members hoped that Russia would not like the pressure on them and that they could give in if they brought this up (the situation in Idlib) in a closed session a week ago.
" They have now decided that this did not work, and the bombing by the Russians and the Syrian Air Force continued. They have moved on to the next step, which is to educate them in an open meeting, in the hope that some countries like China … will be able to hold back the Russians and the Syrians. "
Russia said, however, that hospitals and other civilian infrastructures have not been targeted and stressed that military operations aim to eradicate" terrorists. "
" We reject allegations of humanitarian violations International law categorically abolished, "said Russian Ambassador Wassily Nebenzya to the Council. ]
" Not the Syrian army or the Syrian Air Force or Russia conduct hostilities against civilians or civilian infrastructure. "
" Our The target is the terrorists, "he said.
Hay & # 39; et Tahrir al-Sham (HTS), Syria's former al-Qaida member on the United Nations" terrorist "list, controls the largest Part of the Idlib province as well as parts of the neighboring provinces of Aleppo, Hama and Latakia.
Intentional orientation of schools and schools hospitals
Meanwhile, about 70 auxiliary groups called n an immediate end to the fighting in Idlib. The conditions would have reached a "crisis point".
The groups claimed that at least 16 humanitarian organizations were forcibly forced to cease operations in the region, adding that the staff were either internally displaced or the facilities were under attack.
In a statement at the Council meeting, Amnesty International called on member states to put pressure on Russia to prevent "targeted" attacks on health and education institutions and to end the "onslaught" on the civilian population.
"Bombing hospitals To exercise their medical functions is a war crime," said Lynn Maalouf, Amnesty International's research director for the Middle East.
"The international community has not at all protected the civilian population in Syria from the horror of this conflict," she said.
Staff members of four hospitals in Idlib and Hama told Amnesty that they had been attacked even though they had shared their coordinates with the Syrian and Russian governments. Over the past four weeks, Syrian government forces and their Russian allies conducted nine attacks on hospitals and medical facilities.
According to the relief groups, at least 15 health facilities and 16 schools have been significantly damaged or destroyed. At least two health workers were killed.