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Brexit Revote? Demands a second referendum



Brexit Revote? Calls for a second Referendum Grow Louder – WSJ









































































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The one-time campaign for a "referendum" has received prominent support

  The campaign for a second referendum on Brexit is gaining importance.

The campaign for a second referendum on Brexit is gaining momentum.


Photo:

Tolga Akmen / Agence France-Presse / Getty Images

LONDON – More than two years after the British gave their consent to leave the European Union, British politicians still can not agree on which Brexit they want. Now more and more lawmakers are calling for a do-over, a second referendum that could possibly contradict the outcome of the first one.

About 150 MPs support a new vote, including Labor, Scottish nationalists and a handful of conservative legislators, says Dominic Grieve, a Conservative Member of Parliament who supports a new vote.

This is far from over The approximately 320 people had to adopt a measure to hold another referendum.

It is also unclear what the British would vote on. A ballot could ask if he wants to reverse the 2016 decision to leave the EU. Alternatively, the British could be asked if they support an agreement negotiated by Prime Minister Theresa May, under which conditions the UK will leave the EU, or if they prefer to leave without a negotiating agreement.

Breaking the Stalemate

Chances The British parliament could decide on a second referendum as a way out of the Brexit impasse. Here are the options:

Extension required

No extension

Future negotiation

Relationship

Bridging

Transitional period

Fails

Government loses no vote of confidence

Parliamentary elections

May Calls for Elections

New Proposal

May Agreement

Second Referendum *

No Brexit

No Deal

Parliament votes

over

Extension Required

None Extension

Future negotiate

Relationship

Passports

Transitional period

fails

Government loses none

General election

19659043] May calls for election

New proposal

] May Deal

Second Referendum *

No Brexit

No Deal

Parliament votes

Extension Required

No extension [19659055] Future negotiations

re lationship

Passes

Transitional period

fails

Government loses no vote of confidence

General elections

May calls for election

New proposal

Second Treaty Referendum *

No Brexit

No Deal

Parliament votes

each option

Restart

No extension

Extension required

Future

future

19659073] Relationship

Transition

Period

Passports

fails

Government

does not lose

vote of confidence

General

election

election

election [19659073] New

Proposal

May Agreement

Second

Referendum *

No. Brexit

No Deal

Parliament

] More and more lawmakers believe, however, that a referendum may be needed to overcome a stalemate in parliament, which proves to be uncomfortable An agreement on a Brexit divorce settlement can not.

Prime Minister Theresa May has repeatedly rejected the idea of ​​proposing another referendum on Europe, saying that this would be extremely damaging to British democracy. "This could lead to a renewed division of the country," she said Monday in Parliament. "We should try to bring it together again."

Proponents of a new election say the British did not know what Brexit really meant when they voted to leave the EU in 2016. Now the starting conditions should be clearer asked for a new vote.

"This is not the promised Brexit," says Jo Johnson, a conservative legislator who has recently resigned as a government minister in protest of the EU agreement. "That's why we need another vote."

Mr. Johnson wants to stay in the EU. His older brother and former Foreign Minister Boris Johnson is a prominent proponent of the campaign for breaking Britain's block.

The British voted 52% to 48% to leave the EU in 2016 According to an average of six recently through the What UK Thinks website. The pollsters, however, warn against concluding that public opinion has finally changed, as neither side has definitively withdrawn and most polls show a 3 to 4 percentage point error rate. In a recent survey by ComRes, public support for another Brexit vote was 40%.

wife. May, who seeks to win further concessions to Brussels for Britain's withdrawal, will submit its bill to the legislature in mid-January.

If the legislature runs out of Brexit options, they must support another referendum to avoid falling out of the EU in March, without an agreement governing the conditions for economic relations with its largest trading partner, the former British says Prime Minister Tony Blair. "If you exclude the impossible, what remains, as unlikely as it may remain, is the answer," he says.

The erstwhile "referendum" campaign was supported by celebrities, including the author of Harry Potter, J.K. Rowling and three of the four living former British Prime Ministers, John Major, Mr. Blair and Gordon Brown. (David Cameron has not set out his view.)

"This is becoming more of a possible outcome," says Grieve.

However, the road to a second referendum is complex. If Ms. May's deal is rejected, the government could call for a referendum to push it through. But for the government, that would be a last resort.

Alternatively, an amendment requiring another referendum could also be annexed to the subsequent Brexit legislation. The final scenario is that if the parliament was stalled after May May's vote on the Brexit law in January, a coalition of legislators could come together to call for a new referendum to prevent the EU from leaving without an agreement ,

That's a quorum of British lawmakers could decipher Brexit is not unimaginable. Almost three-quarters of the parliamentarians who stayed in the EU during the 2016 referendum supported this.

Regardless of which path they chose, the likelihood of success would increase if the dominant opposition Labor Party in panic supported it.

University College London estimates that it would take 22 weeks to organize another referendum, although some legislators say it could be done faster. EU officials said other EU governments would probably be ready to postpone Britain's proposed EU exit date to March 29 to allow it to quit.

  Conservative legislator Jo Johnson speaks at an event in London organized by People & # 39; s Vote on November 29

Conservative legislator Jo Johnson speaks at an event organized in London on November 29th.


Photo:

Melby / Reuters

There are three possible options for the electoral question: Ms. May's deal, no deal and no Brexit.

No British referendum contained more than two options, so it is not guaranteed that the ballot would contain an option to stay in the EU.

It is also not obvious that people would not make the same decision as in 2016: to leave the block. "At least it will be a more informed decision," says the younger Mr. Johnson.

Write to Max Colchester at max.colchester@wsj.com and Jason Douglas to jason.douglas@wsj.com


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