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California is the first state to postpone school starts

California will be the country's first state to impose later starting times on most public schools, according to the laws signed by Governor Gavin Newsom Sunday. This proposal seeks to improve educational outcomes by providing more sleep for students.

However, the new law is not undisputed and is rejected by some school officials.

The new law will come into force over a period of time. Finally, the middle schools have to start teaching at 8 o'clock in the morning or later, when the high schools do not start earlier than 8:30 o'clock. The law does not apply to optional early classes, referred to as "zero hours", or to schools in some rural districts of the state.

A law analysis in July found that about half of state schools must shift their starting times by 30 minutes or less to comply with the law. An analysis of the 201

1-2012 school year by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found that the average starting time for California schools, attended by about 3 million middle and high school students, was 8:07 am Before 7:30 am.

The new start times will be introduced at the beginning of the school year 2022-2023 or at the end of the three-year collective agreement of a school with its staff, whichever is later. Schools that have recently negotiated agreements or are negotiating new arrangements with teachers have the opportunity to adapt to the later times when their contracts end.

In advocating SB 328, Senator Anthony Portantino (author of the law, D-La Cañada Flintridge, cited cited an opinion issued by the American Academy of Pediatrics in 2014 according to which middle and high schools in most districts only Newsom started a heart-warming and critical understanding of the importance of objective research and exercised strong leadership in putting the health and well-being of our children before the institutional bureaucracy, against change is resistant, "said Portantino." Generations of children will appreciate this historic day and our Governor for acting courageously, our children are facing a public health crisis, and a shift to a later start time will improve school performance and save lives, because it helps our children, healthy to be the one. "

The question of whether early school starts should be postponed has been widespread throughout the country for years and is the subject of much debate among scientists and health professionals. The American Academy of Pediatrics, which supported the proposal along with groups such as the California Medical Assn. and the California State Parent Teacher Assn. pointed to studies that found connections between later start-ups, more sleep and better health, and adolescent performance.

The group of paediatricians stated that they acknowledge "insufficient sleep in adolescents as a public health problem, advocated the scientific rationale for later school starts, and recognizes the potential benefits to students in terms of physical and mental health, safety, and academic achievement , "

" Teenagers in this country are lack of sleep, "said Assembly Chairman Todd Gloria (D-San Diego) before the Assembly passed the bill last month with 44-17 votes." It's a public health epidemic, and According to conclusive medical research, the main cause of this epidemic in the early years of schooling is not in line with the biological sleep needs of young children. "

The American Academy of Pediatrics also cited this as further research to document the impact of later tee times and recommendation that the average commute traffic in a community and other local factors should also be considered – an important argument of the California School Boards Assn., the California Teachers Assn. and other opponents of the bill.

Teacher unions and school districts generally argued that n should be taken at the appropriate time to start teaching at the local level so that districts and schools can set timetables that best meet the needs of their communities.

"We should not set the timetable from Sacramento," said MP Patrick O & Donnell (D-Long Beach), a former schoolteacher and chairman of the Assembly's Education Committee. "Sacramento does not know best."

Opponents also noted that the change could affect bus routes and lead to higher district costs. They also said that it could prevent parents from sending their children to school before work and continuing extracurricular activities into the evening.

Former Governor Jerry Brown rejected similar laws last year, which he criticized in his veto message as "one-size-fits-all approach," which should instead be left to local districts. In 2017, the bill was not complied with at the meeting.

Newsom's signature on the bill came on the last day so he could follow the laws that the legislature had sent to his desk before being adjourned for the year.

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