WASHINGTON – Californian lawmakers passed a bill on Friday that guarantees full and equal access to the Internet – a principle known as net neutrality – in the largest pushback until the federal government rolls back the rules last year.
The California The bill is seen as even stronger and more consumer-friendly than the original measures implemented by the Obama administration and abolished by the Federal Communications Commission of the Trump era in December. It is certainly a struggle between broadband providers who say that strict rules would increase their costs and consumer groups who want to ensure that all traffic on the Internet is treated equally.
Legislators in California are trying to prevent Internet service providers like AT & T and Comcast from transmitting Internet traffic to broadband customers of the state to block or slow down. The bill submitted to the desk of Gov. Being hanged to be law-abused, Jerry Brown would also ban the promotion of free streaming for apps, a practice that can stifle the business of other websites that are not part of such actions.
For consumers, the bill would ensure that an internet user is not charged extra for accessing certain websites. Consumers would also be guaranteed that the streams of video from any page, such as Netflix, Vudu or Hulu, would be delivered to a mobile device or Internet TV at the same speed and quality.
California would become the fourth state to build a network since 1965. "This bill would set a huge precedent, with the power to shape the Internet market, not just in California, but across the country to improve consumers." said Jonathan Schwantes, senior policy counsel for the Consumers Union, said in a statement.
California's higher standards for car emissions, for example, were followed by a dozen other states, giving California a major impact on the auto industry. And the state's online privacy law has led tech companies to promote a weaker federal law that would remove any state laws. The state of New York is considering a net neutrality law that reflects the California bill.
The law would be met with fierce opposition from telecoms companies. Through their trade group, the United States Telecom Association, broadband providers opposed the bill, warning that the rules for their traffic management would stifle innovation and business models.
Broadband providers are expected to sue when the California bill becomes law. citing a provision in federal regulations prohibiting states from restoring grid neutrality rules.
Legislators said that Internet service providers had already notified them that they would sue to overthrow a network neutrality law. "We will fight with everything we have to defend it," Mr Wiener said in a press conference.
Some legal experts say F.C.C. did not have the authority to ban state net neutrality laws. In a separate trial, a federal appeals court will decide if the rollback of the commission was legal.
The F.C.C. did not respond immediately to a request for a comment.
Bundesnetzneutralitätsregeln have been challenged several times in lawsuits in the past decade and could eventually end up in the Supreme Court.
"The Internet must be ruled by a single unified and consistent national policy framework, not state-to-state agreed approaches," said Jonathan Spalter, president of the United States Telecom Association, in a statement.
The bill would become California's second major Internet law, which was passed in the last few months. In June, the state passed an Internet Privacy Act, the first in the nation. It gave Californian Internet users the opportunity to see what information a company like Facebook or Google collected, how it was used and shared with third parties. The law also gave them the right to stop data collection.
Governor Brown, a Democrat, has not stated his view on the law, but it has been largely supported by Democrat legislators and federal Democratic deputies from California such as Nancy Pelosi, the minority leader of the House. Mr. Brown has until the end of September to decide on the bill and is expected to receive strong support from telecom companies and consumer groups. In 2017, telecoms vendors fought against broadband privacy legislation in the country that never passed the legislation.
"Telcos have tremendous power and power in California, so we know the fight is not over," said Professor Barbara van Schewick. At Stanford University, which is a strong proponent of net neutrality laws, the Californian bill is the most important victory www.mjfriendship.de/de/index.php?op…80&Itemid=58 Chairman Ajit Pai scrapped federal laws last year that prohibit the blocking or slowing down of websites. Englisch: www.mjfriendship.de/en/index.php?op…31&Itemid=32. Net neutrality advocates consider broadband providers as important usage-like services like the phone, saying that without the rules, big players with deep pockets have an unfair advantage.
Mr. Pai considered the rules annoying. Telecommunications companies wanted to experiment with business models such as free streaming promotions via mobile phones with business partners. The broadband providers promised not to block other websites in an anticompetitive manner or to deliberately slow them down.
But consumer groups and Internet sites are trying to revive rules in the United States. Similar laws were enacted in Washington, Vermont and Oregon. Several governors have signed executive orders demanding that broadband providers comply with net neutrality rules when offering services to a government agency or government agency.