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Can U.S.. Save emails Saved Abr: NPR



An unknown man walks in front of the Microsoft logo at an event in New Delhi, India. Microsoft is at the center of a Supreme Court when it comes to sending emails overseas.

Altaf Qadri / AP


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Altaf Qadri / AP

An unknown man walks in front of the Microsoft logo at an event in New Delhi, India. Microsoft is at the center of a Supreme Court when it comes to sending emails stored abroad.

Altaf Qadri / AP

If you open your e-mail today, you should be aware of the following: On Tuesday, the US Supreme Court hears arguments on a matter that did not exist a few decades ago – an e-mail provider has a search warrant in the United States States (19659008) The case USA v. Microsoft concerns a nationwide investigation into drug trafficking, under which law enforcement agencies have received a criminal complaint guarantee for all data associated with the Microsoft account of a suspect. In response, Microsoft provided the user's account identification information stored in Redmond, Washington, but refused to disclose the content of emails stored in a data center in Ireland.

Microsoft argues that an international treaty between The US and Ireland is the only right way to get the emails, and Ireland agrees. The contract is known as the Mutual Legal Assistance Contract.

But the US government argues that the process is slow and cumbersome. In addition, it would be very problematic for providers such as Google, for example, break up data and constantly move around the world.

The warrant in question was issued under the Stored Communications Act. Congress passed the law in 1986, when e-mail and the Internet were in their early stages, and the idea of ​​data around the world was unimaginable.

Although the act was aimed at electronic communications, Congress did not predict the technological revolution, which has since caused major gaps in legislation.

Siding with Microsoft in this case are a number of large tech companies, including Amazon, Apple, Facebook and Google. They point out that the public had access to the Internet only in 1989 and the "World Wide Web" only existed in 1991. Also, emails were not saved after they were received. Congress did not intend to cover data stored forever in a cloud.

Where does the search take place?

The Supreme Court has strongly condemned the extraterritorial application of a law unless the Congress expresses a clear intention to reach the US

In this case, the government acknowledges that Stored Communications Act does not express such intent, but that Microsoft passes the emails to law enforcement agencies in the United States, the application of the law would be domestic. The idea behind this is that, since Microsoft already holds and controls the data and is legally able to move the content back to the US, adhering to a warrant is not a "meaningful interference" with the user's property interests.

Microsoft is pushing back, claiming that the entire purpose of the Stored Communications Act is to protect communications in electronic stores from government intrusion.

Privacy on the World Stage “/>
         

      

      

   

   

   

This is not the first time that the Supreme Court has raised the issue of privacy and technology during this period. In November, the court heard oral arguments in a case in which it was examined whether the government could search the location data of mobile phones without a search warrant to track the motions of a suspect. This case Carpenter v. United States also dealt with the Stored Communications Act, but the main issue was whether an arrest warrant was required to obtain this type of tracking information.

Microsoft extends the issue of privacy to the international arena.

The company argues that it would allow US authorities to move to foreign countries to retrieve a user's private emails with a warrant. Failure to respect the sovereignty of another country could be seen as an open invitation to the rest of the world to examine the private emails of American citizens and begin a "global for all".

The US and the European Union have different priorities. Data protection is enshrined as a fundamental right in Europe. Both the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union and the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union recognize a "right to the protection of personal data".

The US Constitution does not contain such a right. The concept of privacy lies solely in the prohibition on the inappropriate search and seizure of the fourth amendment. Unlike the Fourth Amendment, which was adopted more than 200 years ago, the E.U. Contracts had the advantage of being confiscated in the 21st century . Thus, the E.U. Not only did Framer have phones, power and cars in mind, but the Internet was alive and well.

In May, the EU General Data Protection Regulation enters into force. It has few fans among the big international companies. Fortune's Global 500 will spend an estimated $ 7.8 billion to meet E.U.'s stringent privacy standards. Any company providing the personal information of an E.U. the resident is subject to the law

The provisions include the rapid notification of users of data breaches, data minimization (ie only the processing of absolutely necessary data) and the controversial "right to be forgotten", which grants a right to permanent cancellation granted. If a company breaches the regulation, it could face a fine of 4% of annual world sales or € 20 million (about $ 24.7 million), whichever is greater.

Article 48 of the Regulation reads as follows: "Any judgment of a court requiring the transmission or disclosure of personal data [provider] may only be recognized or enforceable if it is based on an international agreement."

Microsoft is thus present a big challenge. If the E.U. If Microsoft's disclosure of a resident's email was a material breach of the policy, Microsoft would pay $ 3.6 billion for this violation alone.

According to Jan Philipp Albrecht, the DSGVO's reporter, "It'll be almost certain"

Bipartisan supports privacy

In a rare rapprochement of opposing ideologies and fierce competitors, Fox News, CNN , the ACLU, Republican and Democratic senators and congressmen, agree with Apple and Microsoft: The US government should not unilaterally capture data stored in a foreign country. Many would say that this would mean ignoring the sovereignty of other nations and violating privacy laws that explicitly prohibit such acts.

The US government, on the other hand, rejects these concerns and notes that if Microsoft has served with a warrant, tapping on a few keys could transfer the information from the stored data center in Ireland to the US to avoid international complications.

Disagreement, according to the government, would require a lengthy process whereby the State Department would seek information on international cooperation. And that, says the Trump administration and previously the Obama administration, would provide a roadmap for criminals and terrorists to shield law enforcement e-mail communications in that country.

Now it is up to the Supreme Court to decide. 19659037]
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