Since the week ended Dec. 22, nine states are suffering from high-flu activity – Alabama, Colorado, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, New Jersey, New Mexico and South Carolina, and New York City. That's an increase over the previous week, when two states, Colorado and Georgia, were experiencing severe flu activity. In seven states and in Puerto Rico, moderate influenza activity is occurring. The CDC found that influenza was too high in New Mexico and moderate in Arizona among the four states along the southern US border.
Geographically, there are widespread flu effects in 11 states – Arizona, California, Connecticut, Delaware, US, Florida, Georgia, Massachusetts, Nebraska, New Mexico, New York, and North Carolina ̵
Since the beginning of October, influenza A viruses in the United States, although influenza B viruses circulate, also dominate.
In the week ending December 22, the CDC reported four flu-related pediatric deaths. In the 2018-2019 season, there were eleven influenza-related deaths among children.
Flu Symptoms, Treatment, and Prevention
Flu epidemics commonly include fever, chills, cough, and sore throat. No or stuffy nose, muscle or body aches, headache and fatigue, according to CDC. Some – more common children – may also have vomiting and / or diarrhea. Many people suddenly become ill and recover within a few weeks of recovery.
Those who are at increased risk for flu-related complications should be treated with anti-viral drugs as soon as possible. If treatment is started within days of the disease, antiviral medications can relieve symptoms and speed recovery, and reduce complications and hospitalization.
Influenza complications such as pneumonia can lead to hospitalization or even death. Some people are at greater risk for flu complications, including children under 5, especially those under 2 years of age. Also at risk are adults over the age of 65, pregnant women, residents of long-term care facilities and people with illnesses such as weakened immune systems, asthma, heart disease and diabetes.
Although the vaccine can not prevent all cases of the flu, it reduces the severity and duration of the symptoms, and those who do so get flu after a vaccine is received, it is less likely that a hospital stay is required and less likely to die ,
Susan Scutti and Erin Gabriel of CNN contributed to this report.