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Home / Health / CDC: The number of Americans dying of antibiotic-resistant "superbugs" is severely underestimated

CDC: The number of Americans dying of antibiotic-resistant "superbugs" is severely underestimated



According to a report by the Centers for Disease Control and Control (CDC), twice as many people die from antibiotic-resistant infections, also known as superbugs.

The report, released Wednesday, indicates that there are nearly 3.1 million antibiotic-resistant infections in the United States each year. As a result, an estimated 48,700 people die. Based on data from millions of patient records, the findings are an update of a 2013 report in which the health department expressed concerns about these superbugs.

In the 2013 report, the CDC estimated that more than 2 million Americans suffer from these infections each year, with at least 23,000 people dying as a result. In particular, the new report used previously unavailable data and concluded that in the 201

3 estimate about half of the cases and deaths were missed. This year's report, which highlights an alarming rise, brings earlier predictions closer to reality. Economist Jim O'Neill estimates that by 2050, superbugs will kill another 10 million people a year worldwide – more than those who are currently dying of cancer – if nothing is done to stem the current trend.

The CDC realizes in a short time that these predictions are probably not that far away, "Dr. David Andes, Professor of Infectious Diseases at the Faculty of Medicine, University of Wisconsin-Madison, opposite Salon.

The CDC The Authority is "concerned" about the increase in antibiotic infections.

"In the US, dedicated prevention and infection control efforts are working to reduce the number of infections and deaths caused by antibiotic-resistant bacteria, but reduce the number of those affected." Antibiotic resistance is still too high, "the CDC said in a review of the report. "Further action is needed to fully protect people."

The federal agency also found that no one is immune to superbugs.

"Antibiotic resistance can affect anyone at any stage of life," states the agency's report

As a doctor told NBC News, this is not an announcement intended to provoke public concern. It is a legitimate concern of health professionals and should also apply to the public.

"This is not a mystical apocalypse or scare," Dr. Victoria Fraser, Director of Medicine at Washington University The St. Louis School of Medicine told NBC, "It's right here, right now, and we're trying to treat people with drug-resistant infections for which we have no treatment. "

Andes told Salon that seeing a patient with an infection at the University of Wisconsin-Madison every month can not be treated with effective therapy.

"This does not happen anywhere else – every clinician in every US hospital sees this as a problem," he said.

Superbugs are caused by bacteria and fungi These have built up resistance to common antibiotics, due in part to the excessive and abusive use of antibiotics to produce bacteria and fungi. Any use of antibiotics in humans, animals or crops can lead to resistance.

The CDC report divides 18 antibiotic-resistant bacteria and fungi into three categories based on three levels of concern: urgent, serious and questionable. The three most important antibiotic infections in the Urgency List are carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter, Candida auris, and Clostridioides difficile.

The first, carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter, is particularly important for people whose immune system may already be weak. It can cause pneumonia and urinary tract infections and is a common pathogen in many hospitals. Similarly, Candida auris is more likely to infect those who already have a weakened immune system such as: For example, those who are already in hospital or have autoimmune disease. If it gets into the bloodstream, it can be life threatening. More than 90 percent of Candida auris infections are resistant to at least one major antimycotic, while 30 percent are resistant to two or more.

Jeniel Nett, MD, PhD, and Assistant Professor in the Medical and Medical Departments The Department of Microbiology and Immunology at the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Wisconsin told Salon in April that Candida auris has been a threat to public health for many reasons proved.

"Because special precautions are needed to prevent the spread of this pathogen, rapid identification is essential."

However, not all standard methods of laboratory diagnostics are designed to accurately detect Candida auris, which can lead to spread in hospitals. [19659002] "Second, Candida auris shows resistance to many of the most common drug therapies, making it difficult to treat these infections," she said. "In some outbreaks, the reported mortality has approached 60 percent."

Clostridioides difficile is an antibiotic-resistant bacterium that can cause diarrhea. It often occurs while someone is taking antibiotics or immediately thereafter. A survivor of the superbug told CBS News, "You can not eat. You can not talk. You can not walk. And hope is definitely starting to fade. I remember that I just cried to myself and just said, 'Please, I want to go now. "

Can everyday people do something to fend off superbugs while medical professionals find out how to tackle them? [19659002] "Prevention can be as easy as hand hygiene," Andes said. "Take the antibiotics prescribed to you as they were prescribed and do not expect antibiotics to be asked for infections, which doctors say are not due to bacteria but to a viral infection."


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