A chairman of a Democratic House rejected the Treasury Department on Saturday for failing to meet his deadline for filing President Trump's tax returns, arguing that the administration's apparent concerns over its use of the tax code of the tax authority ( Internal Revenue Service) are "without success".
The Chairman, Representative Richard E. Neal, Democrat of Massachusetts, set a new compliance deadline on April 23 and warned that if the Trump government did not respond by then, it would "fail" Denial of my suggestion is interpreted please.
[ Read the letter here. ]
"I am aware that concerns have been raised about my motion and the authority of the committee," Neal wrote. "These concerns have no merit. In addition, there is a precedent stating that none of the allegations are justified in rejecting the committee's request.
In anticipation of an increasingly probable legal dispute over the Ways and Means action, the House Democrats took steps to open a side door to Mr. Trump's finances. MEP Elijah E. Cummings, the Democrat of Maryland and chairman of the House Oversight and Reform Committee, told the Republicans Friday that he intends to summon a summons to Mazar's USA, a presidential accounting firm, in the coming days enforce pertinent financial documents in their possession.
The Republicans rejected the request and described it as "a staggering abuse" of the committee's powers. But Mr. Cummings said he has the authority to investigate Mr. Trump's potential misconduct and to testify to Michael D. Cohen, his longtime fixer, that the president purposely misrepresented his assets and liabilities at a particular time.  "The Committee has full authority to investigate whether the President has acted unlawfully before and during his term, whether he has unresolved conflicts of interest that may affect his ability to make impartial political decisions, and whether he can be judged He adheres to the constitutional compensation clauses and reviews whether he has accurately reported his finances to the Office of Government Ethics and other government agencies, "Cummings wrote, pointing out the breadth of his own investigation.
Mr. Trump himself has made it very clear that he does not want to renounce his years of objection to the tax return, and his lawyer has called on the Treasury, which includes the IRS, to fight Neal's request. On Wednesday, just prior to Mr. Neal's deadline for compliance, the Treasury Department said that it needed more time to assess the legality of the application, but doubted it had a legitimate legislative purpose. Steven Mnuchin, the Minister of Finance, wrote that he consulted the Ministry of Justice to write a response, but did not specify how long that would take.
"The request of the committee raises serious questions regarding the constitutional investigation authority, the legitimacy of claiming the legislative purpose and the constitutional rights of American citizens," wrote Mnuchin. "The legal implications of this motion could compromise the protection of all Americans from politically motivated disclosure of tax information, regardless of which party is in power."
This month, Mr. Neal formally requested Mr. Trump's personal and business tax returns for six years, ending months of speculation about when newly-authorized Democrats would file a motion and how they would justify it.
Mr. Trump has defied modern political norms and rejected his tax return either as a candidate or as president. He has repeatedly claimed, even on Wednesday, that he is from the I.R.S. and therefore can not make the documents public, as every second presidential candidate has done for decades.
But no law prevents a taxpayer from filing tax returns during the audit, and the I. R.S. automatically checks the return of all Presidents and Vice Presidents during their term of office.
Mr. Neal says it is an inquiry into the Presidential Compulsory Audit Committee's Committee, which requires Mr. Trump's return.
Mr. Neal draws on a lesser-known provision in the Federal Tax Code, Section 6103, which dates to the Teapot Dome sketch of the 1920s and gives the chairman of the Congress's tax advisory committees the unique power to request tax information on each claimant. The Code itself gives little scope to the executive, merely stating that the finance minister should "provide" the information on request.
Lawyers who have studied the provision, and the request of Mr. Neal believe that the Ministry of Finance is doing so. It will argue that the chairman of Ways and Means the Congressional regulator by a demand that has no legitimate legislative purpose, has exceeded and only to reach a political goal. A resulting litigation could ultimately reach the Supreme Court and have a significant impact on the extension of the investigative powers of the Congress.
Republicans on Capitol Hill, Trump's White House staff, and his personal lawyer, William S. Consovoy, have all argued that Democrats are just out to embarrass the President politically, and the IRS have asked and the Ministry of Finance to reject their request as unlawful.
Mr. Neal's letter from Saturday rejected some of her objections. In particular, it was not addressed to Mr. Mnuchin, but to Charles P. Rettig, I.R.S. Commissioner, Democrats believe he should make the decision himself.
Mr. Neal argued that the law in question was clear that Mr. Rettig must hand over the information. He added, however, that the administration had no authority to ask how the committee would deal with the information or the validity of its legislative purpose.
"There is no valid basis for questioning the legitimacy of the committee's legislative purpose here," Neal wrote to Watkins against the United States of America in a Supreme Court case of 1957 in which he said the The investigative powers of the Congress are "broad" and "includes investigations into the administration of existing laws and proposed or possibly required statutes."
But legal scholars say the government might try to lead the same 1957 ruling against the committee because it also "broadens" the powers of Congress to investigate, but they are also "not unlimited."