Chandrayaan-2 has sent its first image of the moon from a height of over 2,000 km. The image was uploaded on Thursday evening by the Indian Space Exploration Organization via a Twitter mail (19459005) Photo was taken on August 21, 2019 approximately from a height of 2650 km from the lunar surface.
The photo shows part of the other side of the moon, and ISRO noted that the photo shows some lunar landmarks, namely the Mare Orientale Basin and the Apollo Crater.
In addition, the photo was taken by his Lander Vikram ̵
ISRO has released some photos taken by Chandrayaan-2 to update the progress of the spacecraft on its way to the moon.
Early July Isro had said the Chandrayaan 2 spacecraft was "healthy" and moving in the "right direction".
In the first week of August, Chandrayaan-2 sent first images of Earth from space as she moved away from the planet.
The Chandrayaan 2 orbiter successfully entered lunar orbit on 19 August (19 August). 20 local time at mission control in India). Notably, Chandrayaan 2's journey since its launch on July 22 lasted about a month.
The other side of the moon, however, is not the final destination of Chandrayaan-2. In particular, an orbiter will detach from the Chandrayaan-2 satellite and begin its maneuvers to approach the lunar surface.
The ISRO tentatively announced that the orbiter will release Vikram local time on September 6 (Sept. 7) at mission control) in a location much closer to the south pole of the Moon.
"A soft landing (on the surface of the moon) is expected at 1:40 am and completed at 1:55. At the global level, this is an important mission. It is being closely watched by everyone, "says ISRO Chairman K Sivan.
When the Lander completes the short, 15-minute landing with engine, India will be the only country in the world to make a soft landing near the Moon in the south. Apparently, the south pole of the moon is an area where it is permanently shaded, including the areas around it.
ISRO chose this goal because they discovered in Chandrayaan's first attempt, also known as Chndrayaan-1, the possibility of water ice in the region.
Scientists believe that the craters in the permanently shaded region of the moon, which receive little direct sunlight, have the ability to store water ice.
Unlike Chandrayaan-2, however, India's first attempt consisted of only one moon probe. And so India built a second mission with Vikram – a lunar lander – and a rover to explore the region more closely.
Chandrayaan-2 is India's first attempt to land a spaceship on the moon, which makes it a challenge if the lander ever makes a successful soft landing.
Prior to landing on September 6th, the Orbiter of Chandrayaan-2 must complete several more maneuvers similar to entering the Moon's orbit until it reaches a 100km circular orbit x 100 km.
The spaceship will perform several such maneuvers over the next two weeks to get closer and closer to the moon.
The preliminary launch date for such maneuvers for the Chandrayaan 2 mission is September 2, when the lander Vikram will split up. If the lander lands safely, India will be the fourth country after the Soviet Union, the US and China, that accomplishes this feat.
The lander and the rover operate for a lunar day, but are not designed to withstand the cold moonlit nights. Otherwise, the Chandrayaan 2 Orbiter will remain operational for an approximate one year lifespan.
It may still be possible to remotely scan the lunar surface and return more photos to Earth.