reached lunar orbit
on Tuesday morning, Chandrayaan-2 finally took the first picture of the moon. The image, taken from a height of 2,650 km from the lunar surface, was taken on Wednesday with a camera aboard the lander Vikram.
The Indian Space Research Organization (Isro) tweeted the picture with two major landmarks of the Moon, the Apollo Crater and the Mare Orientale Basin.
Apollo is a huge impact crater on the southern hemisphere beyond the Moon. It is a double-walled plane (or basin) whose inner ring is about half the diameter of the outer wall. Both the outer wall and the interior were removed by subsequent impacts, so that essential parts of the outer and inner wall now consist of irregular and cut sections of mountain arches. Parts of the interior of Apollo were covered with lava, so that the ground was covered with a lower albedo than the surrounding area.
Mare Orientale, on the other hand, is a moon mare. It is located on the western edge of the near and far side of the moon. Images from previous lunar missions have revealed that it is one of the most striking lunar features on a large scale, resembling a target bull's-eye.
High Intensity Cameras are installed on all three components of Chandrayaan-2, Orbiter and Lander Vikram and Rover Pragyan. These cameras send a lot of lunar images to highlight the places where water ice and minerals are located.
On Wednesday, Isro
successfully conducted a critical maneuver
on Chandrayaan-2, bringing it closer to the lunar surface. There are still three maneuvers left to bring the moon plane into the circular orbit of 1