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Home / Science / Chandrayaan-2 takes the first picture of the moon and catches the Apollo crater in the Mare Orientale basin. India news

Chandrayaan-2 takes the first picture of the moon and catches the Apollo crater in the Mare Orientale basin. India news



NEW DELHI: After

reached lunar orbit

on Tuesday morning, Chandrayaan-2 finally took the first picture of the moon. The image, taken from a height of 2,650 km from the lunar surface, was taken on Wednesday with a camera aboard the lander Vikram.
The Indian Space Research Organization (Isro) tweeted the picture with two major landmarks of the Moon, the Apollo Crater and the Mare Orientale Basin.

Apollo is a huge impact crater on the southern hemisphere beyond the Moon. It is a double-walled plane (or basin) whose inner ring is about half the diameter of the outer wall. Both the outer wall and the interior were removed by subsequent impacts, so that essential parts of the outer and inner wall now consist of irregular and cut sections of mountain arches. Parts of the interior of Apollo were covered with lava, so that the ground was covered with a lower albedo than the surrounding area.
Mare Orientale, on the other hand, is a moon mare. It is located on the western edge of the near and far side of the moon. Images from previous lunar missions have revealed that it is one of the most striking lunar features on a large scale, resembling a target bull's-eye.
High Intensity Cameras are installed on all three components of Chandrayaan-2, Orbiter and Lander Vikram and Rover Pragyan. These cameras send a lot of lunar images to highlight the places where water ice and minerals are located.
On Wednesday, Isro

successfully conducted a critical maneuver

on Chandrayaan-2, bringing it closer to the lunar surface. There are still three maneuvers left to bring the moon plane into the circular orbit of 1

00 x 100 around the moon. After that, the Vikram Lander separates from the orbiter on September 2, and after four days, Vikram lands on the moon in the South Pole TOI region at 7:55 am on September 7: "The rover Pragyan will land four hours after the landing of the Vikram -Landers will touch at 1.55 am on September 7 as the rover moves at a speed of 1 cm per second, after which the rover will need one and a half hours more to send images of lunar and lunar data back to Earth via the lander or orbiter because the rover does not have an autonomous system, these images are later calibrated and made publicly available, and the National Aerospace Authority (NASA) can use this data as well. "

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