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Home / Science / Chandrayaan-2 will also transport the NASA payload and calculate the Earth Moon Distance India news

Chandrayaan-2 will also transport the NASA payload and calculate the Earth Moon Distance India news



NEW DELHI: The Indian Space Research Organization (Isro) has announced for the first time that the Chandrayaan-2 lunar to be launched in July will bring NASA's "passive experimental instrument" to the Moon. The US Space Agency will use this module to calculate the distance between the Earth and the Moon.
Chandrayaan-2, in which an orbiter is involved, will carry along with the lone foreign experimental module also 13 Indian payloads used to carry out various scientific experiments and to take pictures on the moon. as reported by TOI earlier.
Isro chairman K Sivan, who told TOI details about the NASA module, said, "Nasa's laser-reflector arrays will only be a passive test module aboard Chandrayaan-2. US scientists will use it to measure the distance between the Earth and the Moon. The instrument attached to the lander can pinpoint the position of the lander on the lunar surface. "He told TOI that" NASA made the request for the trial module last July and we accepted that request in September last year. "

During the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference held in March in Texas (USA) Nasa confirms that Chandrayaan-2 and the Israeli lander Beresheet, who crashed on the lunar surface on April 11 of this year, would each carry a laser belonging to NASA's retroreflector arrangements, but so far, Isro has nothing to do with the Nasa instrument [13] The 13 Indian payloads provided by Indian institutes are a Large Area Soft X-ray Spectrometer (LASS) from the Isro Satellite Center (ISAC) and a Solar X-ray Monitor (XSM) from the Physical Research Laboratory in Ahmedabad (PRL), an IR imaging spectrometer (IIRS) of the Space Applications Center (SAC) in Ahmedabad, synthetic aperture radar in the L and S band (SAR) of SAC, ne utrales mass spectrometer (CHACE-2) from the Thiruvananthapuram Center, Terrain Mapping Camera-2 (TMC-2) from SAC, Vikram Lander Sensor Complement, Radio-anatomy of the Moon-bound Hypersensitive Ionosphere and Atmosphere (RAMBHA), Chandra's Surface Thermophysical Experiment (ChaSTE), Instrument for Moon Seismic Activity (ILSA), Laser Reflector Array (LRA), Rover Sensor Complement (APXS, LIBS) and Laser Induced Breakthrough Spectroscope (LIBS).
The 3.8-ton Chandrayaan 2 will be launched between July 9 and 16, and is expected to land on the moon on September 6. The last time the Chandrayaan 1 mission launched in 2008 carried five foreign payloads (three from Europe and two from the US). Once the Chandrayaan 2 spacecraft reaches lunar orbit, Vikram separates from orbit and soft land at a predetermined location near the Moon's South Pole, which has not been explored by other countries.
Speaking to TOI, Isro leader K Sivan said: "As soon as Vikram lands on the lunar surface on September 6, the Rover Prayan comes out and rolls out 300 to 400 meters on the lunar surface. It will spend 14 Earth days on the Moon to conduct various scientific experiments. "The rover will analyze the contents of the lunar surface and send back data and images through the orbiter to Earth within 15 minutes, he said.

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