A new study shows that children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention deficit / hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have a higher risk factor for anxiety and mood
Published in Pediatrics is the study conducted by the Interactive Autism Network (IAN), one of the largest to compare comorbidities in individuals with ASD alone with individuals with ASD and ADHD
the results of the study, researchers from the Kennedy Krieger Institute in Baltimore, the data of a cross-sectional cross-sectional study of children aged 6 to 17 years with ASD, which were included in the Interactive Autism Network between 2006 and 2006, and 2013.
Of the Of the 3,319 children in the study, 1,503 (45.3 percent) also had ADHD.
Data analyzed for parental reported diagnosis and / or treatment of ADHD, anxiety disorders and mood disorders.
The researchers discovered that children with ASD and ADHD had more than twice (or 2.2 times) the risk of anxiety disorders and 2.7 times the risk of other mood swings. The researchers also found that these psychiatric illnesses were more common in older children.
"We have known that anxiety and mood disorders are widespread in people with ASD," said Eliza Gordon-Lipkin, MD, senior study author and fellow of the Department of Neurology and Developmental Medicine at the Kennedy Krieger Institute.
"However, this study goes one step further and provides insights into the differences between children with ASD and those with ASD and ADHD, and what happens in the human brain that leads children with ASD to other mental illnesses is not complete clarified, but we hope this study will inspire other researchers to pursue the answer to this question. "
According to recent statistics, ASS affects 1 in 68 children and ADHD affects 1 in 10 in the United States. Researchers and clinicians have long recognized that these disorders have overlapping characteristics and can coexist, which can negatively impact development, cognition, behavior and function, the researchers note.
"The study results, and both parents of children with ASD and physicians need to keep in mind, the management of these psychiatric disorders is a double effort," said Paul H. Lipkin, MD, director of medical informatics and Interactive Autism Network at the Kennedy Krieger Institute. "By working closely together to monitor a child's anxiety and mood symptoms, we can ensure an early diagnosis and treatment that is critical to maintaining a child's quality of life."
Source: Golin Harris DC
Wood, J. (2018). Children with autism and ADHD at higher risk for anxiety, mood swings. Psychocentral .
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