The new requirements apply to all companies offering online services that influence public opinion or "can motivate the public to engage in activities," as stated in a notice posted on the Cyber Administration of China website earlier this month was announced.
Businesses now need to track the activity of users posting posts on blogs, microblogs, chat rooms, short video sharing platforms, and webcasts.
Citing the need to uphold national security and social order, the Chinese regulator said it was able to verify the identity of users and maintain records of important information such as call logs, chat logs, activity times, and network addresses.
Official conduct inspections of companies to ensure compliance. However, the Cyber Administration did not make it clear under what circumstances companies might have to hand over protocols to authorities.
Beijing has recently stepped up its control of Internet companies.
But Google has been looking for ways to restore its presence in China to the Chinese market. And Facebook recently told US lawmakers that even though there are no plans to enter China at the moment, any effort would help address free speech and privacy concerns.
Serenitie Wang and Steven Jiang contributed to this report.